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INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION a la DISSERTATION DISCUSSION. COL (Ret) Bill Spracher Doctoral Candidate, Higher Education Administration Program George Washington University Coordinating Editor Center for Strategic Intelligence Research National Defense Intelligence College

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intelligence education a la dissertation discussion


COL (Ret) Bill Spracher

Doctoral Candidate, Higher Education Administration Program

George Washington University

Coordinating Editor

Center for Strategic Intelligence Research

National Defense Intelligence College

9th Annual International Colloquium on Intelligence

Notre Dame College

10 July 2007

dissertation vitals
Dissertation Vitals


Intelligence Studies in U.S. Civilian Colleges and Universities: Developing for a Dangerous World

Principal Research Question:

Can formally designated intelligence studies in the nation’s colleges and universities contribute definitively to the development of professionals in the Intelligence Community who are well chosen and intellectually prepared to function on the job in fully competent fashion?


Written survey to educators (≈125), shorter questionnaire to junior analysts (≈25), selected interviews with pioneers in the field (≈5)

what am i doing here
What Am I Doing Here???

Method to my Madness:

-- Career Army MI officer (30 yrs, last 15 essentially as a LATAM FAO)

-- Several education-related assignments

-- Taught intel subjects at USMA, NDU, and JMIC

-- Interested in intel from an international perspective (experience with USARSA, UNPKO, IADC, Defense Attaché System, CHDS)

-- Attendee at 1999 JMIC annual conference on teaching intelligence

-- Regular participant in Colloquium and IAFIE activities since 2004

-- Contractor independence

What the Future Holds:

-- Retirement (again)

-- Travel

-- Teaching

-- Research

what this dissertation is not
What this Dissertation Is Not

-- Not about training

-- Not about international educational programs

-- Not about governmental programs

-- Not about tactical- or operational-level intelligence support

-- Not a treatise on critical thinking per se

What it does try to do:

-- Examine intelligence studies programs in a broad range of civilian institutions across the U.S.

-- Determine if they are producing critical thinkers for the profession who are prepared intellectually to support policy-/decision-makers

-- Explore how outcomes are being assessed/expectations realized

topics of personal interest
Topics of Personal Interest

-- Outcomes assessment, performance evaluation, & core competencies

-- Open source intel research

-- Lessons learned/best practices

-- Fusion of the INTs and blurring of boundaries between intel & ops;

strategic & tactical; foreign & domestic; national security, law enforcement,

& competitive/business intel

-- Emphasis on cultural intel and foreign language capability

-- Control, oversight, and accountability

-- Ethics

-- Intelligence-industrial complex

-- Information sharing via professional journals, conferences/symposia/colloquia,

& the Internet/Intelink

-- Opportunities through internships, research fellowships, international exchanges, & consortia

-- NIU/CAE/public-private collaboration

bright lights from the past chap 2 all stars
Bright Lights from the Past(Chap 2 All-Stars)

-- Sherman Kent vs. Willmoore Kendall

-- Ray Cline

-- Roger Hilsman

-- Robin Winks

-- Walter Pforzheimer

-- Vernon Walters

-- Robert Gates

-- Irving Janis

-- Graham Allison

-- Sam Wilson

food for thought from presentation at 2006 colloquium on intelligence as an academic discipline
Food for Thought(from presentation at2006 Colloquium on “Intelligence as an Academic Discipline”)

“In the continuing search for better understanding of the dynamics of national security policy, the contribution strategic intelligence makes to policy has recently been attracting academic attention … My premise is that disciplined inquiry [emphasis added] into the intelligence process serves the interests of higher education, scholarship, and an informed public opinion.” (Ray S. Cline, former CIA official and noted author, “Foreword” to Teaching Intelligence in the Mid-1990s: A Survey of College and University Courses on the Subject of Intelligence, by Judith M. Fontaine, 1992)

“To some extent, the teaching of intelligence has been hobbled by the fact that it is a relatively new academic endeavor … We are concerned with an academic subject that is barely 25 years old.” (Dr. Mark M. Lowenthal, Executive Director, IAFIE, “Teaching Intelligence: The Intellectual Challenges,” JMIC Occasional Paper No. 5, A Flourishing Craft: Teaching Intelligence Studies, June 1999)

what can you do to help
What Can You Do to Help?

-- Provide advice and suggestions

-- Participate in survey pre-test now

-- Promptly return official survey if you receive one; ensure survey gets into the right hands

-- Spread the gospel about intel studies

-- Remain engaged with each other, with IAFIE, and with other professional intel organizations

-- Keep teaching and learning – it’s a lifelong enterprise!

a final thought
A Final Thought

“Greater collaboration is vital because no single agency has the capacity to survey all the available information. . . Intelligence can only help inform and shape decisions if it is processed through the mind of an analyst who resolves any conflicts and ambiguities. . . The intelligence community can still learn a lot from commercial best practices and best-in-class analytic technologies to help its analysts sift through data and more rapidly identify key insights. . . Old cultures and practices need to be changed. ”

-- VADM (Ret) Mike McConnell, Director of National Intelligence, from “Overhauling Intelligence,”

Foreign Affairs, July/August 2007)