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CALIFORNIA EARTHQUAKE EXERCISE . OCTOBER 21, 2010. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA.

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CALIFORNIA EARTHQUAKE EXERCISE

OCTOBER 21, 2010

Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA


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The California Earthquake Authority staged a statewide earthquake drill today (October 21st) to test Californians (and others throughout the world who participated) on their knowledge of earthquakes and earthquake safety.


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7.8 million registered participants, earthquake drill today as of this morning, took part in the Great California Shake Out drill designed to challenge individuals, schools, businesses and hospitals to practice state-of-the-art seismic safety measures in anticipation of the next, inevitable big quake


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EARTHQUAKE SCENARIOS earthquake drill today

A DISASTER RISK REDUCTION TECHNIQUE APPLICABLE FOR ANY HIGH-RISK SEISMIC ZONE


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GOAL OF A SCENARIO EARTHQUAKE earthquake drill today

PREPARING FOR THE INEVITABLE BY INTEGRATING ALL ACCUMULATED KNOWLEDGE INTO A COHERENT RISK REDUCTION MODEL


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EXAMPLE: earthquake drill today ONE OF THE WORLD’S WORST POTENTIAL EARTHQUAKE DISASTERS--- SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA(Concept Developed in 2008)

Source: US Geological Survey, Southern California Earthquake Center, and local, regional, and national partners


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BASED ON KNOWLEDGE ACCUMULATED THROUGH earthquake drill today MONITORING, RESEARCH, AND POSTEARTHQUAKESTUDIES


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RESEARCH earthquake drill today

POSTDISASTER INVESTIGATIONS

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

  • RISK MANAGEMENT

  • PREVENTION

  • MITIGATION

  • PREPAREDNESS

  • PREDICTION AND WARNING

  • EDUCATIONAL SURGES

  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • RECOVERY

EARTHQUAKE SCENARIO


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SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA earthquake drill today

The Location of “The Big One” on the San Andreas Fault in 1857


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HISTORIC EARTHQUAKES earthquake drill today


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MAJOR FAULTS IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA earthquake drill today


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ELEMENTS OF A SCENARIO EARTHQUAKE FOR SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA earthquake drill today

Mw = 7.8

“The Big One”


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HAZARDS earthquake drill today

EXPOSURE

VULNERABILITY

LOCATION

ELEMENTS OF A SCENARIO

RISK


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EARTHQUAKE PROBABILITIES earthquake drill today


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EARTHQUAKE PROBABILITIES earthquake drill today


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EARTHQUAKE PROBABILITIES earthquake drill today


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SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA AREA earthquake drill today


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SCENARIO EARTHQUAKES FOR CALIFORNIA earthquake drill today

ADVANCE PLANNING SO THAT CALIFORNIA WILL BE READY WHEN THE INEVITABLE “BIG ONES” RECUR

Source: US Geological Survey


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SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA “SHAKEOUT: SCENARIO earthquake drill today

Southern California is prone to earthquakes because of its location relative to the boundary between two major tectonic plates.

Much of the stress release happens on the San Andreas fault.


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SHAKEOUT SCENARIO earthquake drill today

The goal of the ShakeOut Scenario is to identify the physical, social and economic consequences of a major earthquake in southern California , and in so doing, enable end users to identifywhat they can change now—before the earthquake—to avoid catastrophic impact afterthe inevitable “big one” recurs.



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LOS ANGELES.CA: 13.1 MILLION earthquake drill today


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DAMAGE earthquake drill today

COLLAPSE

LOSS OF FUNCTION

ECONOMIC LOSS

PHYSICAL EFFECTS CAUSE SOCIETAL IMPACTS AND RISK

RISK


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THE Mw 7.8 SHAKEOUT QUAKE earthquake drill today

The magnitude 7.8 ShakeOut earthquake causes about 1800 deaths and $213 billion ofeconomic losses.


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THE M 7.8 SHAKEOUT QUAKE earthquake drill today

These numbers are as low as they are because of aggressive retrofitting programs that have increased the seismic resistance of buildings, highways and lifelines, and added economic resiliency.


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THE Mw 7.8 SHAKEOUT QUAKE earthquake drill today

The estimates of about 1800 deaths and $213 billion of economic losses are as large as they are because much more retrofitting could still be done.


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GOAL:IMPROVE REGIONAL EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS (ESF's) earthquake drill today

Public Safety and Security Response (ESF 13)

Evacuee Case Management (ESFs 6 & 8)


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GOAL:IMPROVE REGIONAL EMERGENCY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS (ESF's) earthquake drill today

Economic and Community Recovery (ESF 15)

Fire Protection (ESF 4)


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GOAL:IMPROVE REGIONAL ESF's earthquake drill today

Critical Resource Logistics and Distribution  (ESF 7)

Restoration of Lifelines (ESFs 3 & 12)


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GOAL:IMPROVE REGIONAL ESF's earthquake drill today

Hazardous Materials (ESF 10)

Evacuee Case Mgmt / Family Reunification )  (ESF 6 & 8)


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To learn more about the Shake Out, and to register to be included in the official participation head count, visitwww.shakeout.org