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The Roman Republic. Brutus, Collatinus , Lucretia’s father rally the people and overthrow the king Tarquin is expelled from the state Brutus and two sons of Tarquin consult the oracle to see who will rule Oracle says man who kisses his mother first will rule. 509 BC.

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509 bc
Brutus, Collatinus, Lucretia’s father rally the people and overthrow the king
  • Tarquin is expelled from the state
  • Brutus and two sons of Tarquin consult the oracle to see who will rule
  • Oracle says man who kisses his mother first will rule
509 BC
458 bc
Rome is at war with a local tribe
  • Cincinnatus is ploughing his fields when the people make him (unwillingly) a general
  • Cincinnatus becomes the first dictator
  • Roman Army is victorious
  • after war end, Cincinnatus refuses to rule and returns to his farm
458 BC
the social wars
Rome divided by the question of citizenship
  • lasts from the 5th Century into the 4th Century
  • Rome’s ultimate military success lies in how they settle the citizenship issue: conquered peoples allowed to continue living as before, but are under a military draft
The Social Wars
the twelve tables
450s BC
  • first codified, written, and publicly displayed laws
  • foundation of Western law
The Twelve Tables
the 4 th century
390s- Gauls sack Rome
  • Romans saved by sacred geese at the Temple of Juno
  • The Appian Way is built
  • Alexander the Great (334-323)
  • Rome expands through all central Italy
The 4th Century
the first punic war
Rome goes to war with Carthage over control of Sicily
  • first international conflict and conflict with imperial power
  • lasts 20 years: from 264-241
  • begins a 100 year conflict with Carthage spanning three wars
The First Punic War
second punic war
lasts from 217-202
  • greatest war ever for the Romans
  • fought against Hannibal
  • early battles were crushing defeat for the Romans
  • Hannibal invades Italy for 10 years
Second Punic War
end of the second punic war
Roman general QunitusFabius Maximus “Cuntator”- “The Delayer”
  • delays open conflict until Hannibal’s army runs out of food
  • 202 Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal at Battle of Zama.
  • Carthage laid waste
End of the Second Punic War
third punic war
168-146 Romans conquer Greece
    • Horace “Graecia capta, Romamavictoriamcepit”
    • influx of Greek art, literature, culture, slaves
  • Third Punic War
  • Carthage defeated 146
Third Punic War
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