slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Dust Bowl States from Texas to the Dakotas suffered a severe drought PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Dust Bowl States from Texas to the Dakotas suffered a severe drought

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

The Dust Bowl States from Texas to the Dakotas suffered a severe drought - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 152 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Nation in Hard Times. The Dust Bowl States from Texas to the Dakotas suffered a severe drought The central Great Plains were hit especially hard Topsoil dried out & high winds carried the soil away in blinding dust storms This area became known as the Dust Bowl. Buried Under Dust.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Dust Bowl States from Texas to the Dakotas suffered a severe drought' - dougal


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Nation in Hard Times

  • The Dust Bowl
  • States from Texas to the Dakotas suffered a severe drought
  • The central Great Plains were hit especially hard
  • Topsoil dried out & high winds carried the soil away in blinding dust storms
  • This area became known as the Dust Bowl
slide2

Buried Under Dust

  • Dust storms buried farmhouses, fences, trees over large areas of the plains
  • Shutters over doors & windows couldn’t keep it out
  • The cause: years of overgrazing by cattle/ plowing had destroyed the grasses that once held soil
  • The drought & high winds did the rest
migrant workers
Migrant Workers
  • Hardest hit were poor farmers in Oklahoma & other Great Plains states (known as “Okies”)
  • These families packed all belongings in cars/ trucks & headed west
  • They became migrant workers: people who move from one region to another in search of work
migrant workers1
Migrant Workers
  • Once they reached the west coast, they were not welcomed
  • Locals feared migrant workers would take away their jobs
  • Many were attacked by mobs & sent away
  • Those who found jobs were paid very little
women face the depression
Women Face the Depression
  • Homemakers had to stretch family budgets to make ends meet
  • Women took in laundry to earn extra $$
  • Some took in boarders to help pay rent
women face the depression1
Women Face the Depression
  • Women realized unemployed husbands needed more nurturing to feel worthwhile
  • Working women literally worked to death
  • In order to spread jobs around, federal gov’t refused to hire a woman if her husband had a job
women in the workplace
Women in the Workplace
  • # of married women in the workforce increased by 52%
  • Educated women took jobs as teachers, secretaries, & social workers
  • Other jobs: maids, factory workers, seamstresses
an active first lady
An Active First Lady
  • Eleanor Roosevelt acted as the President’s eyes & ears, touring the country
  • Visited farms & traveled deep into coal mines
  • Studied the condition of homemakers & lives of every day people
  • Used her position to speak out for women’s rights & social injustices
african americans
African Americans
  • Af. Ams were usually the first to lose their jobs when the depression hit
  • 1934 – blacks were suffering a 50% unemployment rate (more than twice the national average)
  • Denied public works jobs
  • FDR tried to help them by providing jobs for them via the CCC
african americans1
African Americans
  • The President invited black leaders to the White House to advise him – these unofficial advisers became known as the Black Cabinet
  • He followed their wishes BUT denied an anti-lynching law as he feared that by doing so he’d lose the support of the southerners in Congress for his New Deal program
african americans2
African Americans
  • Many black leaders called on Af. Ams to unite and obtain their civil rights: rights due to all citizens
  • Blacks voted & used those numbers to keep up pressure for equal treatment
other americans face the depression
Other Americans Face the Depression
  • Fear & insecurity caused by the depression caused violence & discrimination to spread
mexican americans
Mexican Americans
  • MA’s worked in many cities around the country
  • Many were farmers in the West & SW
  • They faced discrimination in education & jobs
  • Many Americans wanted Mexicans to be sent back (400,000 sent back to Mexico)
asian americans
Asian Americans
  • Americans resented Chinese, Japanese & Filipino workers who competed with them for scarce jobs
  • Violence against Asians erupted
  • The gov’t tried to eliminate violence by reducing the number of Asians in the U.S.
  • 1935 – FDR signed a law that provided free transportation for Filipinos who agreed to return to the Philippines & not return
native americans
Native Americans
  • 1924 – Congress had granted all Nat. Americans citizenship
  • Still, most Indians continued to live in deep poverty
  • FDR encouraged new policies towards Native Americans
indian new deal laws that gave native american nations greater control over their own affairs
Indian New Deal: laws that gave Native American nations greater control over their own affairs
  • 1934 Congress passes the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA): Protected & expanded the landholdings of Native American reservations
  • FDR also allowed reservations organize corporations & develop their own business projects
slide17

To provide jobs during the depression, the gov’t set up the Indian Emergency Conservation Work Group: employed Native Americans in programs of soil-erosion control, irrigation & land development