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OECD. Policy Handbook Natural Hazard Awareness and Disaster Risk Reduction Education Prof. Alberto Monti Bocconi University and OECD Bangkok, Thailand 24-25 September 2009 2nd Conference of the OECD International Network on Financial Management on Large-Scale Catastrophes . Background.

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slide1

OECD

Policy Handbook

Natural Hazard Awareness and Disaster Risk Reduction Education

Prof. Alberto Monti

Bocconi University and OECD

Bangkok, Thailand 24-25 September 2009

2nd Conference of the OECD International Network on Financial Management on Large-Scale Catastrophes

background
Background
  • Risk awareness identified as a priority
    • High-level Advisory Board to the International Network
    • OECD Insurance and Private Pensions Committee
  • Stocktaking of country initiatives
    • Selected OECD countries
    • China and India
  • Policy handbook
    • Clear, concise, policy-oriented tool
    • Guidance to policymakers (OECD and non-members)
    • Focus on natural hazards
structure
Structure
  • Preamble
  • Principles
  • Broad Strategy
  • Good Practices
i preamble
I. Preamble
  • Human-induced factors affect vulnerability and exposure
  • Public awareness of natural hazards and disaster risk reduction education are key
    • Foundation for sound financial management strategies
    • Need to shift from heavy emphasis on emergency response/citizen-preparedness to risk reduction
    • Hazard awareness and disaster risk reduction education required at every level of society
    • Promoting a culture of safety
    • Building disaster resiliency
ii principles
II. Principles
  • Key principles to inform risk awareness and risk reduction education strategies, including:
    • Risk-based prioritisation
    • Disaster risk transfer and financing mechanisms can enhance awareness and education
    • Risk communication techniques and actionable language
    • Messages regarding allocation of costs and disaster prevention responsibilities as a tool
    • Long-term and sustained strategy
iii broad strategy
III. Broad strategy
  • Three-step approach for effective risk awareness and education strategies:
  • In-depth scientific assessment of natural hazards and disaster risks
  • Identification of desired behaviour and perception changes
  • Identification of respective roles of stakeholders, and appropriate tools and methods to educate stakeholders and induce action
iv good practices
IV. Good practices
  • Government initiatives
    • Leadership and coordination
    • Assessment of risk awareness needs and identification of strategic priorities
    • Hazard mapping and risk assessment
    • Public awareness campaigns and events
    • National-level guidelines on public message content
    • Informational websites
    • Mass distribution of material
    • Museums, parks
    • Simulations and drills
iv good practices8
IV. Good practices
  • Educational system
    • Incorporation of risk awareness and risk reduction strategies into school curricula – educating the young is key
    • Multi-decade effort needed
    • Integration with community-based programmes
    • Private sector
    • Insurance sector
      • Education, data collection, risk mapping and modelling
    • Engineering, construction trade associations
    • Corporate sector (e.g., business continuity planning)
iv good practices9
IV. Good practices
  • Civic sector
  • Grassroots initiatives
  • International efforts
  • Reinforce international efforts (e.g., UN ISDR, UNESCO)
  • Improve global hazard mapping / risk modelling (e.g., GEM)
  • General strategies
  • Cross-sectoral collaboration (e.g., task forces, networks)
  • Outreach programmes to opinion-leaders
  • Community participation
  • Scaling up and sharing
iv good practices10
IV. Good practices
  • Effective communication and education tools
  • Clear and consistent messages
  • Non-technical language
  • Disaster risks placed in proper perspective
  • Promotion of awareness and action
  • Engaging format
  • Positive, empowering, and accurate examples
  • Targeting of multiple audiences
  • Multiple dissemination strategies
slide11

ContactProf. Alberto MontiBocconi UniversityDepartment of Law «Angelo Sraffa»1, via Roentgen20136 - Milano (ITALY)E-mail: alberto.monti@unibocconi.itwww.unibocconi.eu

www.oecd.org/daf/fin/catrisks