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Resource Mobilisation. Humanitarian Finance - the basics. SUPPLY : (Funding sources) National government civil society NGO funds bilateral donors multilateral donors private sector pooled funds CERF Emergency Response Fund Common Humanitarian Fund. DEMAND: (Appeals for funding)

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Resource Mobilisation

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humanitarian finance the basics
Humanitarian Finance - the basics
  • SUPPLY:(Funding sources)
  • National government
  • civil society
  • NGO funds
  • bilateral donors
  • multilateral donors
  • private sector
  • pooled funds
      • CERF
      • Emergency Response Fund
      • Common Humanitarian Fund

DEMAND:(Appeals for funding)

- agency appeals

- consolidated appeals processes

  • Flash Appeals
  • Consolidated Appeals Process (CAPs)
  • Common Humanitarian Action plans (CHAPs)
what is a flash appeal
What is a Flash Appeal?
  • overview of urgent life-saving needs
  • within a week of emergency's onset
  • acute needs 3- 6 months

Consolidated Appeal if beyond 6 months

  • Includes:
  • rapid needs assessments (3 days!)
  • all cluster response plans
  • projects for funding
indicative timeframe
Indicative timeframe

Indicative timeframe

Day 1

  • HC/RC triggers flash appeal – consults country team & government.

Day 2-4

  • Clusters conduct rapid needs assessment and prepare sector response plans and select projects.

Day 5

  • HC sends final draft to OCHA CAP Section, which circulates it for comment within 24 hr to IASC HQs.

Day 7

  • CAP Section processes & electronically publishes document
  • Official launch of appeal
  • Donors select from menu of projects.
what is a cap
What is a CAP?

A Consolidated Appeal is, basically, a longer version of a Flash Appeal (12 months), for longer-term crises, offering more analysis and detail.

Supply side:

Pooled funds

pooled funds
Pooled funds

3 types:

CERF - Central Emergency Response Fund

CHF - Common humanitarian funds

ERF – Emergency Response Funds


Country specific….

Small scale for gaps….


Timeline for Planning and Appeals

up to 6 months

6 months on

Flash Appeal –

Multiple donors



Process (CAP)

  • Cluster
  • Reponse Plan
  • plus projects


Project proposals

coordinators have crucial role
Coordinators have crucial role:

involve all cluster participants

coordinate rapid needs assessments

set cluster strategy and priorities

lead & coordinate response plans

gather project proposals inclusively

vet projects transparently


what is cerf
What is CERF?
  • Rapid response grants(2/3 of grant facility)
  • Under-funded crises(1/3 of grant facility)

if no other funding source immediately available, including agencies’ own unearmarked agency funds and earmarked donor grants

3.Loans($50 million)

funding committed but not yet paid; or commitment very likely

  • to meet immediate relief needs
  • for local procurement and/or transport
who can receive cerf grants
Who can receive CERF Grants?

NGOs cannot apply directly for CERF funds, but:

  • should participate in process as part of Child Protection Sub-Cluster
  • do receive funds as implementing partners of UN agencies & IOM

Essential CERF criteria

Life-savingactivities or services

Time-criticalactions or resources

If not met, then

cerf funding criteria
CERF Funding Criteria
  • All projects funded through the CERF grant component must be for life-saving / core emergency humanitarian programmes defined as:

Activities that, within a short time span, remedy, mitigate or avert direct loss of life, physical harm or threats to a population or major portion thereof.

    • Also permissible are common humanitarian services that are necessary to enable life-saving activities (e.g. air support, emergency telecommunications, logistics).
activities outside cerf mandate
Activities Outside CERF Mandate
  • Activities that are not immediately life-saving, such as disaster mitigation, early warning, prevention and preparedness, economic recovery, poverty reduction, and disarmament, are not suitable for the CERF.
  • CERF contributions do not cover:
    • Recurrent costs (regular government staff salaries, running office and maintenance costs, etc.)
    • Regular agency stockpiling
    • Capacity building and training (funded only if related to direct implementation of emergency response)
  • ** Proposals that contain life-saving elements in the project narrative but the budgets focus on non-life-saving elements are not suitable for the CERF grant window. **
child protection

Identification, registration, family tracing and reunification or interim care arrangements for separated children, orphans and children leaving armed groups/forces.

Ensure proper referrals to other services such as health, food, education and shelter

Identification, registration, referral and follow-up for other extremely vulnerable children, incl. survivors of GBV and other forms of violence, children with no access to basic service and those requiring special protection measures


Context of specific emergency response

Child protection
child protection continued

Activities incl. advocacy, awareness-raising, life-skills training, and livelihoods

Provision of psychosocial support to children affected by the emergency, e.g. through provision of child-friendly spaces or other community-based interventions, return to school or emergency education, mental health referrals where expertise exists

Identification and strengthening, or establishment of community-based child protection mechanisms to assess, monitor and address child protection issues


Context of specific emergency response

Child protection (continued)
Time for an