dr pius yasebasi ng wandu n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Dr. Pius Yasebasi Ng’wandu PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Dr. Pius Yasebasi Ng’wandu

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

Dr. Pius Yasebasi Ng’wandu - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 123 Views
  • Uploaded on

MEETING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY. Dr. Pius Yasebasi Ng’wandu. IAEA Scientific Forum Vienna, Austria September 30 th - October 2nd 2008. 1. INTRODUCTION.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Dr. Pius Yasebasi Ng’wandu' - dorothy-harding


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
dr pius yasebasi ng wandu

MEETING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS THROUGH THE APPLICATION OF NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: THE ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY

Dr. Pius Yasebasi Ng’wandu

IAEA Scientific Forum

Vienna, Austria

September 30th - October 2nd 2008

1 introduction
1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 The Primary Role of the IAEA

  • To encourage and assist research, development and practical applications of atomic energy for peaceful purposes throughout the world.
  • Over the years, however, the Agency’s orientation and emphasis on non-proliferation of nuclear arms has led to a worrisome situation, wherein, from being a positive, creative force, the Agency is in danger of being looked upon as a police body that denies the acquisition of nuclear science and technology by the poor nations for peaceful purposes.
  • The IAEA must appreciate its unique position as the only international organization, with the mandate to globally promote the widest possible participation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
1 introduction1
1. INTRODUCTION

1.2 Commission of Eminent Persons

a) Assumes:

  • No nuclear terrorism;
  • No nuclear accidents;
  • No nuclear proliferation;
1 introduction2
1. INTRODUCTION

1.2 Commission of Eminent Persons

b) Recommends:

  • A Safe and Secure Expansion of Nuclear Energy
  • Enhanced Contribution of Nuclear Applications to Human Well-being
  • Substantive and Rapid Progress in Nuclear Disarmament
  • A stronger IAEA
  • Strong Global Nuclear Partnerships
1 introduction3
1. INTRODUCTION

1.3 Millennium Development Goals: Addressing Worldwide Poverty

  • Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger;
  • Achieving Universal Primary Education;
  • Promoting Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women;
  • Reducing Child Mortality;
  • Improving Maternal Health;
  • Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases;
  • Ensuring Environmental Sustainability; and
  • Developing Global Partnerships for Development.
1 introduction4
1. INTRODUCTION

1.4For the purpose of this paper theMDGs may be grouped into

five Clusters of Development Needs:

  • Energy for Sustainable Development
  • Eradicating Hunger and Poverty
  • Environmental Sustainability
  • Combating HIV/AIDS and MALARIA
  • Global Partnerships
  • 1.Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication
  • 2.Eradicating Hunger
  • 3.Environmental Sustainability
  • 4.Combating HIV/AIDS and MALARIA
  • 5. Global Partnership for Development Needs
figure 1 world primary energy demand
FIGURE 1: WORLD PRIMARY ENERGY DEMAND

Source: International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2007

figure 2 green house gas emmissions
FIGURE 2: GREEN HOUSE GAS EMMISSIONS

Green House Gas Emissions from Different Electricity Generation Chains

Source: IAEA Expert Meeting 2005

2 eradicating poverty and hunger
2. ERADICATING POVERTY AND HUNGER

2.1 Food Production Treatment and Preservation

Goal No.1 of the MDG addresses itself to eradication of Poverty and Hunger. Nuclear Energy and Technologies can be used in removing hunger through:

  • Improving the efficiency and sustainability of land and water management;
  • Breeding new crops with special qualities
  • Adaptation to marginal environments;
  • Improving animal production and health;
  • Controlling insects that are major pests of plants and livestock;
2 eradicating poverty and hunger1
2. ERADICATING POVERTY AND HUNGER

2.1 Food Production Treatment and Preservation

  • Using Ionizing radiation as an alternative to chemicals in the treatment and preservation of foods;
  • Agricultural Tracers and Plant Mutation to optimize the use of fertilizers and weed killing chemicals; and
  • Facilitating international trade.
2 eradicating poverty and hunger2
2. ERADICATING POVERTY AND HUNGER

2.2Livestock Development and Insect Pests Control

  • Insects destroy about 10% of the world’s crops and infect livestock with debilitating diseases.
  • Successful application of the Sterile Insect Technique(SIT) in Zanzibar Tanzania.
  • Supporting the initiative of the African Union (AU) to carry out and co-ordinate the Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC).
  • Replication of SIT in Malaria control and eradication campaigns.
  • R&D should be carried out to assess the viability of the technique in dealing with other pest insects such as locusts, mosquitoes, etc.
2 eradicating hunger and poverty
2. ERADICATING HUNGER AND POVERTY

2.3Livestock Development and Insect Pests Control

  • Poor quality livestock(cattle) in Africa caused by diseases transmitted by vectors such as tsetse flies.
  • Control/Removal of such pests could lead to improved quality livestock, higher productivity and added national incomes
  • National Master Plans and Budgets in affected regions should reflect seriousness in allocating enough funds to step up efforts in the control and eradication of epizootics through the SIT.
2 eradicating hunger and poverty1
2.ERADICATING HUNGER AND POVERTY

2.3Livestock Development and Insect Pests Control

  • Support the objectives of the Pan-African Programme for the Control and Eradication of major epizootics (PACE).
  • Use of Isotopic methods to monitor reproductive status, leading to better breeding management.
  • Develop regional capability for production and distribution of critical diagnostic and treatment kits.
3 combating hiv aids and malaria
3. COMBATING HIV/AIDS AND MALARIA

3.1Reversing The Spread of HIV/AIDS

  • More than 40 million people live with HIV/AIDS worldwide
  • The use of stable isotope techniques, can assist in the development and evaluation of nutritional interventions and their impact on HIV/AIDS patients.
  • Isotopes used for development of new vaccines and diagnostic reagents
  • An effective vaccine against HIV offers the best long-term approach to control the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
  • Unfortunately, the development of an effective vaccine is complicated by the large differences between strains.
  • Need for closer collaboration between traditional medicine and modern medicine.
3 combating hiv aids and malaria1
3. COMBATING HIV/AIDS AND MALARIA

3.2 Intensifying The Fight Against Malaria

  • Malaria affects 300-500 million people a year worldwide
  • Malaria causes about 2million deaths per year world wide
    • 90% occur in Sub Saharan Africa
    • 90% are children under five
  • Heavy Economic impact on Poor Economies
  • Nuclear Techniques and Strategies to Control Malaria
    • Monitoring drug resistance
    • Reduction of Mosquito Populations by the SIT method
    • Production of anti Malaria Vaccine and Radiopharmaceutical drugs
4 environmental sustainability
4. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

4.1 Global Environmental Issues

  • To integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources;
  • To reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss;
  • To halve, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015; and
  • To have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers by 2020.
4 environmental sustainability1
4. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

4.2 Water Resources and Ecosystem Sustainability

4.2.1 Water Resources Management

  • Transboundary Water Resources Management.
  • Need for Regional and Basin wise co-operation in Shared Water Resources.
  • Contribution of isotope hydrology techniques in addressing practical problemsrelated to water resource management in shared aquifers.
4 environmental sustainability2
4. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

4.2WaterResources and Ecosystem Sustainability

4.2.2 Isotopic Hydrology

  • Assessment of Groundwater Resources using isotopes to determine aquifer dynamics and water resources management;
  • The IAEA and NBI project to integrate the Nile River Basin groundwater and surface water management for Sustainable development and equitable use
  • Nubian Sandstone Aquifer;
  • North Western Sahara Aquifer.
  • Tanzania’s Integrated Ground Water and Surface Water Management Project
4 environmental sustainability3
4. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

4.2.3 Environmental Monitoring

  • All substances that exist are likely to have radioactive atoms in them occurring naturally.
  • The labeling property of radioisotopes allows them to be used in a wide range of environmental assessment techniques.

4.2.4 Geology and Element Identification

  • Radioactivity is used to identify the location of deposits of uranium and other radioactive minerals.
  • The intensity of detected radiation also is an indication of the amount of uranium that may be located there.
5 some industrial applications of nuclear technology
5. SOME INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY

5.1Non-destructive testing

  • Maintenance is a vital part of industry.
  • The checking for cracks can be done using the radiation emitted by radioisotopes.
  • Using radioisotopes to check for cracks can be accomplished with a technique called gamma radiography.
5 some industrial applications of nuclear technology1
5. SOME INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY

5.2Measurements and Industrial Analysis

Radioisotopes are commonly used for measuring viscosity, density and thickness in conditions where other methods would be difficult or impossible to apply. Since radiation does not require direct contact (unlike, for example, using a scale or tape-measure) it is used where high heat or corrosive chemicals may exist.

5 some industrial applications of nuclear technology2
5. SOME INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY

5.3Other Uses

  • Determining the nature and extent of termite infestation in buildings;
  • Measurement of Water age;
  • Measuring environmental impact of mining;
  • Sterilization;
  • Soil erosion monitoring;
  • Monitoring and measuring coastal erosion;
5 some industrial applications of nuclear technology3
5. SOME INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY

5.3Other Uses

  • Checking of aircraft welding faults;
  • Sewage and sources of water pollution;
  • Monitoring of sand movements in ocean floors and river beds;
  • Blast furnace efficiency; and
  • Sand age measurement.
6 developing global partnerships
6. DEVELOPING GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

6.1 Multinational Fuel Banks and Nuclear Waste disposal Sites

  • Multinational Fuel Banks
  • IAEA’s Innovative Reactors and Fuel Cycle Project(INPRO)
  • Multinational Disposal Sites (MDS)
  • Multilateral Nuclear Trade Agreements
6 developing global partnerships1
6. DEVELOPING GLOBAL PARTNERSHIPS

6.2 Multinational Nuclear Reactors and Research Institutes: Multilateral Joint Projects/Ventures

  • Multinational Nuclear Power Plants/ Reactors/Laboratories
  • Building regional networks geared at the safe development, management and transfer of nuclear knowledge to all the state parties.
  • Expand IAEA’s Technical cooperation Programs through increased budget and coverage
  • Facilitate technological transfer and the flow of information from states having the technology and best practices to those who don’t have it.
  • Establish Regional/Multinational Nuclear Science/Technology Research and Development Institutes
  • Strengthen support to AFRA
7 conluding remarks
7.CONLUDING REMARKS
  • Need for stepped efforts to enhance World Peace and Security through eradication of Poverty, Hunger, Diseases, Environmental degradation Nuclear accidents and terrorism.
  • Successful experiences like the Insect Sterilization and Cancer Projects to be assessed and transfer of learning effected to other areas.
  • Partnerships and International collective efforts to address the common dangers such as HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Climate change that are now threatening the existence of the human race are now overdue.
  • Support for assured supply of nuclear fuel, including international banks of enriched uranium,establishment of additional multilateral fuel-cycle centers and multinational nuclear waste disposal centres.
the end
THE END
  • DR. PIUS NG’WANDU
  • CHAIRMAN - DIRECTOR
  • YCL / YASEKON
  • WWW.YASEBASI.COM
  • WWW.YASECONSULT.BIZ
  • DAR ES SALAAM
  • TANZANIA