“It’s a Meaning-Filled Monday!”. AP Literature and Composition March 31, 2014 Mr. Houghteling. AGENDA. Colors and Archetypes—Group Activity More about archetype Anticipation Guide. Archetypes. Archetypes are universal symbols.
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“It’s a Meaning-Filled Monday!” AP Literature and Composition March 31, 2014 Mr. Houghteling
AGENDA • Colors and Archetypes—Group Activity • More about archetype • Anticipation Guide
Archetypes • Archetypes are universal symbols. • These symbols “carry the same or very similar meanings for a large portion of mankind” (Philip Wheelwright, Metaphor and Reality).
Myth and Archetype • “The myth critic is concerned to seek out those mysterious elements that inform certain literary works and that elicit, with almost uncanny force, dramatic and universal human reactions” (Campbell, The Masks of God).
Myth and Archetype • Myth is universal. • Similar motifs or themes may be found among many different mythologies. • Certain images or associations recur in the myths of people widely separated in time and place, and these images often have a common meaning or elicit comparable psychological responses.
Archetypal Criticism (1) • Archetypal criticism argues that archetypes determine the form and function of literary works, that a text's meaning is shaped by cultural and psychological myths. Archetypes are the unknowable basic forms personified or solidified in recurring images, symbols, or patterns.
Archetypal Criticism (2) • These patterns may include motifs such as the quest or the heavenly ascent, recognizable character types such as the trickster, the mentor, or the hero, symbols such as the apple or snake, or images such as crucifixion (as in Cool Hand Luke, or Bride of Frankenstein) or baptism (as in The Awakening)—all laden with meaning already when employed in a particular work.
Group Activity • In groups of four, match the words from the word bank with the COLOR you believe is connoted by the word. • Discuss your findings with your group and match them up! • Three words or phrases are repeated: death, truth and blinding truth, and purity and spiritual purity. Only those words may go into two separate categories.
HOMEWORK • Read the allusion handout for Shadrach from the New Testament. • How is Shadrach categorized? • How will this information impact your reading of a new character named Shadrack?