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American Romanticism . Swansboro High School English 11. What is American Romanticism?. Romanticism refers to a movement in art, literature, and music during the 19 th century. ROMANTICISM was a REACTION to RATIONALISM.

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american romanticism

American Romanticism

Swansboro High School

English 11

what is american romanticism
What is American Romanticism?
  • Romanticism refers to a movement in art, literature, and music during the 19th century.
romanticism was a reaction to rationalism
ROMANTICISM was a REACTION to RATIONALISM
  • Rationalism was “any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge and logic for justification.”
  • Rationalism came before the Romanticism movement. Rationalism had focused on reason and science and also sparked the American Revolution.
romanticism is characterized by the 5 i s
ROMANTICISM IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE 5 “I”S
  • Imagination
  • Intuition
  • Idealism
  • Inspiration
  • Individuality
characteristics of american romanticism
Characteristics of American Romanticism
  • Values of feeling over reason
  • Places faith in the imagination
  • Shuns civilization and seeks nature
  • Prefers innocence to sophistication
  • Fights for the individual's freedom and worth
  • Trusts past wisdom, not progress
  • Reflects on nature to gain spiritual wisdom
  • Finds beauty and truth in supernatural or imaginative realms
imagination
Imagination
  • Imagination was emphasized over “reason.”
  • Imagination was considered necessary for creating all art.
  • British writer Samuel Taylor Coleridge called it “intellectual intuition.”
intuition
Intuition
  • Romantics placed value on “intuition,” or feeling and instincts, over reason.
  • Emotions were important in Romantic art.
  • British Romantic William Wordsworth described poetry as “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.”
idealism
Idealism
  • Idealism is the concept that we can make the world a better place.
  • Idealism refers to any theory that emphasizes the spirit, the mind, or language over matter – thought has a crucial role in making the world the way it is.
inspiration
Inspiration
  • The Romantic artist, musician, or writer, is an “inspired creator” rather than a “technical master.”
  • What this means is “going with the moment” or being spontaneous, rather than “getting it precise.”
individuality
Individuality
  • Romantics celebrated the individual.
  • During this time period, women’s rights and abolitionism were taking root as major movements.
literature
Literature
  • In America, Romanticism most strongly impacted literature.
  • Writers explored supernatural and gothic themes.
  • Writers wrote about nature – Transcendentalists believed God was in nature, unlike “Age of Reason” writers like Franklin and Jefferson, who saw God as a “divine watchmaker” who created the universe and left it to run itself.
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