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National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners Energy Regulatory Partnership Program with The National Commission for Energy State Regulation of Ukraine Renewable energy sources in Ukraine. May 21 , 201 2 Kiev. Alexey Orzhel

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May 21 201 2 kiev

National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners Energy Regulatory Partnership Program with The National Commission for Energy State Regulation of Ukraine Renewable energy sources in Ukraine

May21,2012 Kiev

Alexey Orzhel

The National Commission for Energy State Regulation of Ukraine


General survey
General Survey

Ukraine:

Territory is 603 628 km² (45th in the world); 7% of water surface;

Population is 45 617 542 people (28th in the world);

Density is 75,57 persons/km²;

Currency: Ukrainian hrivna






Res potential in ukraine conclusion
RES Potential in Ukraine. Conclusion.

  • Total annual technically achievable energy potential of the main types of RES in Ukraine is equivalent to 81mln tons or 70 blnm3 of natural gas, which is about 40% of annual energy needs of Ukraine, the volume of its use may go up to 50% in 2030. The main types of RES and the most efficient ones at the moment and for the nearest future are:

    - wind energy,

    - solar energy,

    - bioenergy,

    - hydro energy,

    - geothermal energy.


The role of government in providing incentive for alternative energy
The role of government in providing incentive for alternative energy

  • Setting transparent rules in the sphere of alternative energy

  • Reserve of budget funds for that achievement

  • Providing subsidies and loans

  • Tax exemption

  • Providing feed-in tariffs

  • Organizing quota for generation and consumption of energy produced from alternative sources

  • Information policy in the field of alternative energy

  • Branding of equipment and energy, generated from alternative sources

  • Setting technological standards and certification


The existing national legislation in the field of alternative energy setting rules
The existing National legislation in the field of alternative energy (setting rules)

  • Law of Ukraine «On alternative sources of energy»

  • Law of Ukraine«On alternative types of fuel»

  • Law of Ukraine«On electricity»

  • Law of Ukraine«On energy saving»

  • Law of Ukraine«On combined generation of heat and electricity (co-generation) and use of waste energy potential»

  • Other normative legal documents

    State bodies of power in the field of alternative energy (setting of rules)

  • Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (CMU)

  • Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine (MFE)

  • National Electricity Regulatory Commission of Ukraine (NERC)

  • National Agency for Energy Efficiency (NAEE)

  • State Inspectorate on Power Plant and Network Operation (SIPPNO)


State energy strategies and program setting long term goals
State Energy Strategies and Program alternative energy(setting long-term goals)

  • Energy Strategy until 2030

  • Program of construction of wind power plants (approved by Decree of CMU of February 3, 1997, No. 137 “On Comprehensive Program for Construction of Wind Power Plants “)

  • Energy Saving Program (approved by Decree of CMU of February 5, 1997, No. 148 “On Comprehensive State Energy Saving Program of Ukraine”)

  • Programs for Support of Development of Small Hydro and Thermal Energy (approved by Decree of CMU of December 31, 1997, No. 1505 “On the Program of State Support to Development of Alternative and Renewable Energy Sources and Small Hydro and Thermal Energy”)

  • National Energy Program (approved by Decree of SR of Ukraine of May 15, 1996, No. 191/ 96-ВРВР “On National Energy Program of Ukraine until 2010” )


Incentive mechanisms existing today for development of alternative energy
Incentive Mechanisms Existing Today for Development of Alternative Energy

  • Setting “green” (feed-in) tariff for electricity generated from alternative energy sources

  • Legal obligation of the WEM to buy the whole volume of electricity generated from alternative energy sources

  • Formation of the state energy saving fund

  • Tax and customs benefits

  • Beneficial crediting

  • State subsidies

    Additional factors for development of alternative energy

  • Possibility to sell under direct agreements (prototype of “green” certificates) with consumers or at the WEM (obligatory purchase)

  • Obligation energy suppliers to connect generators of electricity from alternative energy sources to networks (according to Decree of CMU No. 126 of February 19, 2009, on Specifics of Connecting Power Facilities that Generate Electricity Using Alternative Sources to Power Grid ”)


Formation of information space in the field of alternative energy

What are results of development of non-conventional energy? Alternative Energy

Ukraine has large potential of renewable resources

Minimal or zero emissions of greenhouse gases to atmosphere

Inexhaustible stock (in most cases)

Growth of energy infrastructure and development of technologies

But there are also problems…

High cost of technologies and construction

Constraining factors: planning of energy infrastructure, remoteness from networks, possible legal obstacles on the local level and other

The need of reserves

Technological development

Formation of information space in the field of alternative energy


Formation of information space in the field of alternative energy what is the conclusion
Formation of information space in the field of alternative energy. What is the conclusion?

Development of non-conventional energy ensures significant preferences:

  • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

    - improvement of environment

    - possibility to sell quotas for greenhouse gas emissions

  • Development and stability of the energy sector

    - reduced consumption of fossil resources

    - reduced import of natural gas

    - development of technologies

  • Opportunities for business

    - new jobs- attractive conditions for investments- formation of the new energy sub-sector


Nerc alternative energy regulation
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion?

The main body that exercises the state regulation in the power sector of Ukraine is NERC

Volume of authorities of NERC in the sphere of alternative energy is set by the Law of Ukraine on Electricity, Law of Ukraine on Combined Generation of Heat and Electricity (Co-generation) and Use of Waste Energy Potential and Decree of the President of April 21, 1998, No. 335/98 Issues of the National Electricity Regulatory Commission of Ukraine»

On 01.04.2009 Supreme Rada of Ukraine adopted Law of Ukraine No. 1220-VI on introducing Amendments in the Law of Ukraine on Electricity with respect to promotion of use of alternative sources of fuel according to which a model of differentiated (feed-in) tariffs for economic entities that generate electricity using alternative energy sources and for each power facility, they are valid until year 2030.

Concerning implementation of the said Law of Ukraine, NERC Decree of 16.07.2009 No. 828 introduced changes in the Procedure for setting, reviewing and termination of validity of “green” tariffs for economic entities, approved by Decree of 22.01.2009 No. 32, brining it into compliance with the adopted Law


Nerc alternative energy regulation1
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion?

Main authorities of NERC in the field of alternative energy are:

  • Approval of the “green” tariff for electricity generated from alternative energy sources

  • Formation and maintenance of a registry of alternative energy facilities

  • Annual publication of information related to cost of connecting alternative energy facilities to power networks

  • Issuance of licenses for carrying out activities related to generation, transmission and supply of electricity, on generation of electricity and heat by means of co-generation units and approval of instructions, conditions and rules separately for each type of licensed activities in accordance with the Law of Ukraine on Electricity

  • Setting tariffs for electricity and heat generated at co-generation units

  • Setting rules for connecting co-generation units to power networks


Nerc alternative energy regulation2

T energy. What is the conclusion? o apply to NERC for setting

«green» tariff

To apply to NERC for the license for electricity generation

To become Ukrainian WEM WEM member

NERC Alternative Energy Regulation

The sequence of actions by the generator of electricity from alternative sources if there is a wish to work according to «green» tariff:

The main practical conditions of setting «green» tariff:

  • Availability in ownership or usage of electricity generating equipment that operates on alternative sources of energy (getting license)

  • Availability of constructed energy generating facility connected to the network (in case of construction of a new facility)

    - evidence of compliance of the constructed energy facility that generates electricity on the basis of alternative sources of energy to project documents, the requirements of state standards, the construction standards and rules


Nerc alternative energy regulation3
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion?

  • Fixed minimal size of the “green” tariff for economic entities is set by means of converting into Euro the size of the “green” tariff calculated according to the Rules of the said Law, as of January 1, 2009 at the official foreign exchange rate of the National Bank of Ukraine as of the said date (Article 17-1, Law of Ukraine on Electricity)

  • The size of the "green" tariff cannot be less than the fixed minimal size of the “green” tariff, which at each date of setting retail tariffs for consumers is converted into the national currency at the official foreign exchange rate of the National Bank of Ukraine as of such date (Article 17-1 Law of Ukraineon Electricity

    if: >1,

    if: 1, =


Nerc alternative energy regulation4
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion?

  • Decree of NERC of 23.07.2009 No. 857, the Commission set fixed minimal sizes of the “green” tariff (equivalents in the national currency):


Nerc alternative energy regulation results of operation
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion? . Results of operation.

By 21.05.2012 the following applied to NERC and received «green tariff

In the register of electricity facilities operating on alternative sources there are enterprises, among them:

- 10 facilities using wind energy

- 19 facilities using solar energy

- 3 facilities using biomass- 2 facilities using waste potential of technological processes

- 43 facilities using energy of small rivers- 1 facility using mining gas- 6 facilities using biogass


Nerc alternative energy regulation results of operation1
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion? . Results of operation.

On output of 2012 actual data from the beginning of the year


Nerc alternative energy regulation results of operation2
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion? . Results of operation.


Nerc alternative energy regulation results of operation3
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion? . Results of operation.


Nerc alternative energy regulation results of operation4
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion? . Results of operation.


Nerc alternative energy regulation5
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation energy. What is the conclusion?

Problematic issues of the Law of Ukraine “On electricity” related to promotion of alternative energy

«Renewable sources of energy that include solar, wind, geothermal, waves and tides energy, hydro energy, biomass, organic waste gas, waste water gas, biogas and secondary energy resources, which include furnace and coking gases, methane gas from coal mines, transformation of waste energy potential of technological processes»(Law of Ukraine «On alternative energy sources»)

but…

«green» tariff, set by the Law on Electricity is applied only to certain categoties of facilities on alternative sources, that is: generators of electricity from wind energy, biomass, solar and small hydro


May 21 201 2 kiev
НКРЭ в регулировании сферы альтернативной энергетики

Problematic issues of the Law of Ukraine on electricity related to promotion of alternative energy

«In this Lawbiomassare the products, that consist completely or partially of substances of plant origin, that could be used as fuel for transformation of energy contained in these»(Law of Ukraine «On electricity»)

«Biomass – biologically renewable substance of organic origin undergoing biological decomposition (agricultural waste (of plant growing and animal breeding), forestry and technologically connected with this spheres of industry and also organic part of industrial and household waste»(Law of Ukraine «On alternative types of fuel»)

«Alternative energy facilities– energy generation and other equipment generating electricity using alternative sources of energy, the share should be not less than 50% of installed capacity of all sources of energy used at the facility»(Law of Ukraine «On alternative sources of energy»)


May 21 201 2 kiev
НКРЭ в регулировании сферы альтернативной энергетики

Problematic issues of the Law of Ukraine “On electricity” related to promotion of alternative energy

  • For the facilities the construction of which started after January 1, 2012 and put into operation before January 1, 2013 incentive with “green” tariff is applied on condition that the share of raw material, main assets, works and services of Ukrainian origin in the cost of construction of the corresponding facility generating electricity from alternative sources is not less than 15%, for the facilities the construction of which started after January 1, 2012 and put into operation after January 1, 2013 - not less than 30 %, for the facilities construction of which started after January 1, 2012 and put into operation after January 1, 2014 –not less than 50%

  • Starting from January 1 2013 at solar facilities the share of materials and raw materials of Ukrainian origin in the cost of solar modules should be not less than 30%

    At present the order of defining the share of raw materials, other materials, main assets, works and services of Ukrainian origin in the cost of construction of generation facility and its components is developed but not agreed and not approved


Nerc alternative energy regulation6
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation альтернативной энергетики

Problematic issues of the Law of Ukraine “On electricity” related to promotion of alternative energy

  • In the lawsubstantially modernized facilities, that generate electricity using alternative sources are the facilities the cost of modernization of energy equipment of which ismore than 50% of the primary cost of such equipment

  • Primary cost of equipment - ?

  • How to define the primary cost of equipment of the facilities built at the time of the USSR (30s of 20th century)?


Nerc alternative energy regulation7
NERC Alternative Energy Regulation альтернативной энергетики

  • In case of using in the structure of fuel part of renewable (alternative) types of fuel

    Is the “green” tariff set for that part, for the whole volume or it is not set at all?

    Atthe moment the order is not covering economic agents that are involved in generation of electricity at facilities using alternative and traditional types of energy at the same time(NERC Statement of 22.01.2009 # 32 «On the order of setting, revising and cancelling the use of “green” tariff for economic agents»)


Thank you for attention
Thank you for attention альтернативной энергетики