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# Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

Greatest Common Factor (GCF). Honors Math – Grade 7. VOCABULARY ALERT. VOCABULARY ALERT. The Greatest Common Factor (GCF) of two or more numbers, is the largest number that is a factor of these numbers. Prime Number – a number that has exactly two factors: itself and 1.

## Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

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1. Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Honors Math – Grade 7

2. VOCABULARYALERT VOCABULARYALERT The Greatest Common Factor (GCF) of two or more numbers, is the largest number that is a factor of these numbers. Prime Number – a number that has exactly two factors: itself and 1. Composite Number – a number that has many factors. Problem of the Day Mary has 45 feet of rope, and Peter has 60 feet. What is the longest length they can cut from each rope so that all the pieces are equal in length? To find the longest length of cut rope, find the greatest common factor (GCF) of 45 and 60. The Prime Factorization of a number can be used to find the GCF of two or more numbers.

3. To use the prime factorization to find the GCF: • Make a factor tree for each number. • Identify common prime factors. • Multiply common prime factors. Using Factor Trees to find the GCF. Mary and Peter can cut, at most, 15-ft lengths from each rope.

4. Find the GCF of each set of numbers. 18 and 24 32 and 96 81 and 54 Using Factor Trees to find the GCF.

5. The GCF is used to simplify fractions. A fraction is in simplest form (lowest terms) if the GCF of its numerator and denominator is 1.

6. To write an equivalent fraction, multiply or divide BOTH numerator and denominator by the same nonzero number. Write two equivalent fractions for each fraction.

7. Find the value of n that makes the fractions equivalent.

8. What is the place? What is the place? • To change a decimal to a fraction… • Write all the digits after the decimal point as the numerator. • Use the place value of the farthest digit to the right as the denominator. • Write in simplest form.

9. Write as a fraction in simplest form.

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