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Sandro Bologna bologna@casaccia.enea.it JRC-ENEA Meeting Ispra, September 11, 2008 PowerPoint Presentation
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E NTE PER LE N UOVE TECNOLOGIE L’ E NERGIA E L’ A MBIENTE. ENEA’s Project on Management, Safety and Security of Technological and Energy Networks (Critical Infrastructure Protection) http://www.progettoreti.enea.it. Sandro Bologna bologna@casaccia.enea.it JRC-ENEA Meeting

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Sandro Bologna bologna@casaccia.enea.it JRC-ENEA Meeting Ispra, September 11, 2008


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    1. ENTE PER LE NUOVE TECNOLOGIE L’ENERGIA E L’AMBIENTE ENEA’s Project on Management, Safety and Security of Technological and Energy Networks (Critical Infrastructure Protection) http://www.progettoreti.enea.it Sandro Bologna bologna@casaccia.enea.it JRC-ENEA Meeting Ispra, September 11, 2008

    2. Three research Objectives Three different Demonstrators Technological solutions to reduce networks vulnerabilities caused by attacks and faults on SCADA (Supervision Control And Data Acquisition) systems. Improve mutual coordination of LCCIs (Large Complex Critical Infrastructures) operators to manage potentially dangerous events. Simulation, evaluation and prevention of networks cascading failures, using advanced models of interdependency effects. Integrate the data about the state of LCCIs, including territorial information, with the scope to support the emergency management operators, and to make available “early-warning” indications about possible scenario evolutions.

    3. Implementation, of a “TestBed” for developing and testing technologiesandICT solutions, which are aimed at lowering vulnerabilities of Large and Complex Technological Networks(LCCIs) and at preventing or mitigate cascading failures through real time information shared between LCCIs operators D1 Demonstrator – General Objective

    4. INCREASING OF SCADA SYSTEM VULNERABILITY Increasing of attacks Internal/external/accidental attacks Analyses carried out at BCIT (British Columbia Institute of Technology) Classification of attack typologies

    5. ENEA TESTBED TO EXPERIMENT SCADA SAFEGUARD TECHNOLOGY Workstation 3 Control Centre emulator Workstation 4 Messages communication broker Workstation 2 RTUs emulators Workstation 5 Alarms monitoring interface Workstation 1 Electrical Network Simulator Data Source Workstation 6 Disturbance/attacks generator Communication Network

    6. D1 Demostrator ENEA Safeguard SCADA Testing Facility

    7. Rome Mini TELCO Black-out January 2004 AND AND AND Damaged equipment replaced Trip of main power supply Loss of power supply Telco services restart Legend Safe network state Collapsed network Endangered network state Event Disturbed network state Root cause NETWORK STATE OVERVIEW & ROOT CAUSES Pre-incident TELCO network in secure state Station continue working with decreased battery autonomy Many external Telco services go down, as the ACEA data links between control centers The normal power supply from ACEA was restarted Return to normal state AND 3 The full functionality of the SGT station is restored 2 The battery autonomy finished as Fire Brigate was not able to eliminate water in time. 1 Flood on the apparatus room of the Telco SGT station. UPS start from batteries 90 min. 4 hours

    8. Electricity Simulator Electricity MIT Add-on Telecom MIT Add-on LCCI Electricity Data Base IRRIIS - Physical set-up of the experimentation environment Telecom SCADA Emulator Electrical SCADA Emulator Telecom Simulator LCCI Telecom Data Base Optional External Components SimCIP MITcommunication ElectricalControlRoom Telecom ControlRoom

    9. ERC-CIP: European Reference Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection Some of the D1 activities may support the European Reference Network for Critical Infrastructure Protection at the JRC ERC-CIP is a DG JLS initiative

    10. Implementation of a National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Centeropen to contribution from other subject involved in the area. It will develop models and technological solutions to be used for the purpose of interdependency analysis based on "what if" approach. D2 Demonstrator – General Objective

    11. ENEA USERS/GIS INTERFACE CRIAI MIDDLEWARE (Request Management) CAMPUS BIOMEDICO Agent-based model Entity – Resource Model Tor Vergata MIDDLEWARE (SIMULATORS INTERFACE) CRIAI TELECOMM NETWORK SIMULATOR POWER GRID SIMULATOR Infrastrutture n SIMULATOR ENEA 11

    12. CRESCO Simulation Platform running on the top of ENEA GRID Agent-based model Entity-Resource model Power Grid Simulator Telecomm Network Smulator CRESCO middleware ENEA GRID layer

    13. WEB WEB WEB WEB WEB WEB ICA ICA ICA ICA ICA ICA User programs & commercial code User programs & commercial code User programs & commercial code User programs & commercial code User programs & commercial code Graphic User Interface Graphic User Interface Graphic User Interface Graphic User Interface Graphic User Interface Graphic User Interface LSF multi-cluster as integrator LSF multi-cluster as integrator LSF multi-cluster as integrator LSF multi-cluster as integrator LSF multi-cluster as integrator Load Leveler Load Leveler Load Leveler Load Leveler Load Leveler Load Leveler Telnet Telnet Telnet Telnet Telnet Telnet LSF LSF LSF LSF LSF LSF Cluster 3° (Frascati) Cluster 1° ( Bologna) Cluster 4° (Trisaia ) Cluster 2° (Casaccia) AFS Geographical cross platform& File System AFS Geographical cross platform& File System AFS Geographical cross platform& File System & File System AFS Geographical cross platform& File System Cluster 6° ( Brindisi) Cluster 5° ( Portici) A Simple view of ENEA GRID ENEA GRID

    14. D2 DemonstratorEU-FP7 DIESIS Project Schema Public transportation traffic simulator Railway traffic simulator Power Grid simulator TLC network Simulator User DIESIS middleware GRID layer

    15. NAT (http://www.progettoreti.enea.it//nat)

    16. LEONTIEF Tool (http://www.progettoreti.enea.it//leontief) Each node of a network corresponds to a CI. rij is an “interdependency” matrix A time-dependent solution of the inoperability xi of the i-th CI upon disturbance di(t) can be written as: Time-dependent inoperabilities Effort done to design a method to estimate rij

    17. The final goal of D2 and DIESIS is the feasibility study of EISAC (European Infrastructures Simulation and Analysis Center) in the framework of ESFRI. EISAC should be the European e-Infrastructure similar to the U.S. NISAC (National Infrastructure Simulation and Analysis Center) ESFRI : European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures

    18. Implementation of an “Early Warning” system for the protection of the Oil, Gas, Electricity and Water distribution networks localised inside the territory of Val D’Agri, in the Basilicata region, South of Italy D3 Demonstrator – General Objective

    19. D3 Demonstrator Early Warning System for the Val D’Agri oil field

    20. EU Communication COM (2006)786 of EPCIP (European Programme on Critical Infrastructure Protection) requires the implementation of a European CIWIN, linked to National CIWINs The Early Warning System for theVal D’Agri oil field can be a suitable experience for the implementation of the Italian CIWIN CIWIN : Critical Infrastructure Warning Information Network

    21. List of funded Projects supporting the ENEA Project (1/4) SE-TEC "Feasibility Study for a European Network of Secure Test Centres for Reliable ICT-controlled Critical Energy Infrastructures" funded by EU-EPCIPContact: Giordano Vicoli email: vicoli@casaccia.enea.it IRRIIS "Integrated Risk Reduction of Information-based Infrastructure Systems" funded by EU-FP6Contact: Sandro Bologna email: bologna@casaccia.enea.it CRESCO-LAIII“Sviluppo di Modelli di Simulazione ed Analisi delle Reti Tecnologiche Complesse e delle loro Interdipendenze” funded by MIUR-PONContact: Sandro Bolognaemail: bologna@casaccia.enea.it CRESCO-LAII "Sviluppo di tecnologie e modelli computazionali per la descrizione di sistemi complessi di origine biologica e di materiali innovativi" funded by MIUR-PONContact: Vittorio Rosato email: rosato@casaccia.enea.it

    22. List of funded Projects supporting the ENEA Project (2/4) MIA "Definition of a methodology for the assessment of mutual interdependencies between ICT and electricity generation/transmission infrastructures" funded by EU-EPCIPContact: Vincenzo Fioriti email: vincenzo.fioriti@casaccia.enea.it GIACS "General Integration of the Application of Complexity in Science" funded by EU-FP6Contact: Vittorio Rosato email: rosato@casaccia.enea.it DIESIS "Design of an Interoperable European federated Simulation network for critical Infrastructures" funded by EU-FP7Contact: Giovanni Dipoppa email: giovanni.dipoppa@casaccia.enea.it MICIE "Tool for systemic risk analysis and secure mediation of data exchanged across linked CI information infrastructures" funded by EU-FP7Contact: Michele Minichino email: minichino@casaccia.enea.it

    23. List of funded Projects supporting the ENEA Project (3/4) TeRN "Sviluppo di sistemi di early-warning in Val d'Agri" funded by Regione BasilicataContact: Gerardo De Canio email: decanio@casaccia.enea.it ASTROM“Assessment of resilience to threats of control and data management systems of electrical transmission network” funded by EU-EPCIP Contact: Giordano Vicoli email:vicoli@casaccia.enea.it TRAMP “Sistema Integrato di Gestione e Controllo per il TRAsporto in Sicurezza di Merci Pericolose" funded by MIURContact: Giovanni Dipoppa email: giovanni.dipoppa@casaccia.enea.it COST MP0801 "Physics of Competition, Cooperation and Conflict" funded by ESF 20058Contact: Vittorio Rosato email: rosato@casaccia.enea.it

    24. List of funded Projects supporting the ENEA Project (4/4) NEISAS“National and European Information Sharing and Alerting System” funded by EU-EPCIP Contact: Arcangelo Tripi email:tripi@casaccia.enea.it