The Milky Way Galaxy and the Formation of Spiral Galaxies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Milky Way Galaxy and the Formation of Spiral Galaxies PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Milky Way Galaxy and the Formation of Spiral Galaxies

play fullscreen
1 / 25
The Milky Way Galaxy and the Formation of Spiral Galaxies
117 Views
Download Presentation
dorian-bird
Download Presentation

The Milky Way Galaxy and the Formation of Spiral Galaxies

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. The Milky Way Galaxy and the Formation of Spiral Galaxies Prof. Ata Sarajedini University of Florida Department of Astronomy

  2. The Milky Way Galaxy - Our Home Pole-On View Edge-On View

  3. The Andromeda Galaxy - Our Nearest Large Neighbor NGC 205 M32

  4. • What is the significance of these satellite galaxies? They are remnants from the formation of the Milky Way’s halo! • Since the late 1970s, theories of galaxy formation have suggested that disrupted satellite galaxies formed the Milky Way’s halo.

  5. Satellite Galaxies of the Milky Way and Andromeda

  6. DFg DFg DFg How do dwarf galaxies get disrupted? Tidal Effects

  7. The problem was that there was no concrete evidence for the buildup of spiral galaxies via the disruption and accretion of dwarf galaxies until 1994!

  8. Sagittarius dwarf galaxy Bulge stars with an average velocity of 0 km/s The “Smoking Gun” - the Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy (Discovered in 1994) Velocity along the line-of-sight for stars toward the Galaxy’s Bulge Blue Red

  9. M55 turns out to be a foreground cluster!

  10. Observations of stars known to be a part of the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy and its tidal tails. Theoretical model of how the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy should be disrupted by the Milky Way.

  11. • In 2003, another disrupted and digested dwarf galaxy was found… Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy

  12. • Globular clusters are also disrupted and accreted to form the Galaxy’s halo.

  13. • We have even detected tidal streams and tidal tails composed of stars in the halo of the Andromeda galaxy.

  14. • The halos of the Milky Way and Andromeda do indeed show evidence of having been formed via the disruption and accretion of dwarf satellite galaxies.

  15. Conclusion The halo of a spiral galaxy is like a bowl of spaghetti!

  16. Today, NASA and the Space Telescope Science Institute released images of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field - the result of 11.3 days of total exposure time with the Advanced Camera for Surveys instrument.

  17. Satellite Galaxies of the Milky Way and Andromeda

  18. • Similar searches for tidally disrupted dwarf galaxies around the spiral galaxy M33 have turned up nothing significant.