TIP Every good and perfect gift comes from God. This session, however, focuses only on what the Bible calls spiritual gifts. Definition of Spiritual Gifts Spiritual gifts* are God’s gracious enablementto help the people of God, as individuals,in various, unique waysto do the work of God, both in the world and in the church, more effectivelythan they could on their own. *pneumatika [gifts] that come from the Spirit *charismata [gifts] that result from God’s grace
TIP There are 3 categoriesof gifts identified by theseGreek terms as spiritual gifts (and several othermiscellaneous uses). Categories of Spiritual Gifts in the Bible • 9 “Supernatural Gifts”1 Corinthians 12:4-11 • 7 “Motivational Gifts”Romans 12:6-8 • 4 or 5 “Equipping Gifts”Ephesians 4:11 (7-16)
COMPARE Though eachcategory is unique,all spiritual giftsshare several things in common. Features Common toall Spiritual Gifts • Each gift is a unique way God’s grace enables an individual. • No gift is for boasting. • None for the benefit of the recipient, but for the common good. • All are to be operated with love. • God’s Spirit equips both gendersin every category of gifts.
The 9Supernatural Gifts(1 Corinthians 12:4-11) • Spontaneous • supernatural endowments • given by God • to meet need as the occasion arises.
The 9Supernatural Gifts (1 Corinthians 12:4-11) • An Instance of Wisdom, v. 8 • An Instance of Knowledge, v. 8 • Faith, v. 9 • Gifts of Healings [that Result], v. 9 • Workings of Miracles [that Result], v. 10 • Prophecy, v. 10 • Discerning/Distinguishing of Spirits, v. 10 • Various Kinds of Tongues/Languages, v. 10 • Interpretation of Tongues/Languages, v. 10
The 7Motivational Gifts(Romans 12:1, 6-8) Like personality traits, inherent at birth, heightened after new birth, these motivations are graciously given by God that we might serve Him with great joy.
The 7Motivational Gifts(Romans 12:1, 6-8) • Prophesying (Prophecy) • Serving (Serving, Helps) • Teaching • Encouraging (Exhortation) • Giving (Contributing) • Leading (Leadership, Administration) • [Showing] Mercy (Compassion)
The 4 or 5Equipping Gifts(Ephesians 4:11-13) These gifts are people whose place in ministry helps the church, by preparing the congregation for service, and edifying, unifying, and maturing the body of Christ.
The 4 or 5Equipping Gifts (Ephesians 4:11-13) • Apostles • Prophets • Evangelists • Pastors • Teachers
NO! NT theology,NT examples, andthose throughouthistory and todaydisprove it! Are spiritual gifts restricted by gender? • Supernatural Gifts? • Motivational Gifts? • Equipping Gifts?
These textsrefer to specific,local problems. They do not prohibit women’s spiritual leadership or authority. But doesn’t the Bible restrict women’s authority and leadership in ministry? What about • 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 & • 1 Timothy 2:11-14?
1 Corinthians14:34-35 What is the timeless truth? • No one, whether male or female, should disrupt the worship service.
1 Timothy2:11-14 What is the timeless truth? • People, whether male or female, should learnright doctrine before they’re allowed to teach.
CONCLUSION? Both men and women should use their gifts together to fulfill the Great Commission!