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Fireground Safety for Company Officers. Basic Concepts for Company Officers. Fireground Safety Officer Responsibilities. Main function is to protect firefighters Anticipate what could happen well before it does Work within the Incident Command System

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fireground safety for company officers

Fireground Safety for Company Officers

Basic Concepts for Company Officers

fireground safety officer responsibilities
Fireground Safety Officer Responsibilities
  • Main function is to protect firefighters
  • Anticipate what could happen well before it does
  • Work within the Incident Command System
  • Duties must be performed with or without the “safety officer” being present at scene
    • You may be assigned this function

Safety for Company Officers

total injuries by year
Total Injuries by Year

Safety for Company Officers

firefighter fatalities 1979 1997
Firefighter Fatalities 1979-1997

Safety for Company Officers

slide6

Fire Department Safety Manager

  • Duties
    • Occupational Health
    • Safety in workplace
    • Safety in training
    • Records management
    • Policy and procedure development

Safety

Manager

Safety for Company Officers

slide7

Fire Department Safety Manager

  • Programs
    • Dept. Safety Officer
    • Safety Committees
    • Accident/Injury review
    • Physical Fitness
    • Research
    • Safety monitoring
    • CISD
    • Rehabilitation

Safety

Manager

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer sector
Fireground Safety Officer (Sector)

Stay outside the

collapse zone!

  • Sector Officer Duties
    • Time Keeping
    • Personnel Count
    • Building Survey
    • Operations
    • Accident/Injury Investigation

Safety for Company Officers

slide9

NFPA 1500 Standard

  • Fire Department Occupational Health and Safety Standard
    • All encompassing
    • References 31 publications
    • NFPA 1561
    • Created the NFPA 1521 Safety Officer Standard

Safety for Company Officers

nfpa 1521 fire department safety officer standard 1997
NFPA 1521 Fire Department Safety Officer Standard (1997)
  • The Fire Chief shall have the ultimate responsibility for the fire dept. occupational health and safety program as specified in 1500.
    • Shall have a designated health and safety officer (2-1.3)
    • Alternate personnel shall be assigned in absence of HSO (2-1.3.2)

Safety for Company Officers

nfpa 1521 safety officer standard
NFPA 1521 Safety Officer Standard
  • Chapter 1
    • Administration
      • scope; minimum requirements
      • purpose; meet intent of 1500
      • equivalency; level of qualifications
      • definitions; common terminology

Safety for Company Officers

nfpa 1521 safety officer standard12
NFPA 1521 Safety Officer Standard
  • Chapter 2
    • Organization
      • Assignment
      • Qualifications
      • Authority

Designated HSO

Safety for Company Officers

nfpa 1521 safety officer standard13
NFPA 1521 Safety Officer Standard
  • Chapter 3
    • Functions
      • Records & Data
      • Liaison
      • Rules and Regs.
      • Accident Prevention
      • Apparatus & equip.
      • Accident Investigation
      • Incident Scene Safety
      • Training and Education

Safety for Company Officers

qualifications of the incident safety officer iso
Qualifications of the Incident Safety Officer (ISO)
  • Minimum of Fire Officer I
  • Knowledge and ability to manage incident scene safety
    • Training, experience, and knowledge are qualifiers for this position
  • Must have knowledge of building construction
  • Knowledge of Accountability system used
  • Rehab operations

Safety for Company Officers

nfpa 1521 safety officer standard15
NFPA 1521 Safety Officer Standard
  • Chapter 4
    • References
      • 1002 Driver
      • 1021 Fire Officer
      • 1403 Live Fire Training
      • 1500 Safety and Health
      • 1561 ICS
      • 1582 Infection Control

Safety for Company Officers

prerequisite knowledge
Prerequisite Knowledge
  • What should the safety officer know?
    • Building construction
      • Structural Collapse Awareness Course
    • EMS background
    • Rehab profiles
    • Accountability systems
    • ICS
    • Liaison Techniques

Safety for Company Officers

building construction
On the Fireground

Building construction

EMS background

Rehab profiles

Accountability systems

ICS

Liaison Techniques

Building Construction

structural collapse signs / indicators

Truss construction

Live / dead loads

Impact of fire tactics on structures

GPM’s

Ventilation

Building Construction

Safety for Company Officers

ems background
What should the safety officer know?

Building construction

EMS background

Rehab profiles

Accountability systems

ICS

Liaison Techniques

EMS Background

Fatigue

Stress

Heat exhaustion

Frostbite

Dehydration

Triage

Needs of EMS crews

EMS Background

Safety for Company Officers

rehab profiles
What should the safety officer know?

Building construction

EMS background

Rehab profiles

Accountability systems

ICS

Liaison Techniques

Rehab Profiles

Rotation indicators

2 bottle rule

Duties of rehab crews

Impact on operations

crew depletion

Rest

Hydration

Medical Monitoring

Rehab Profiles

Safety for Company Officers

accountability systems
What should the safety officer know?

Building construction

EMS background

Rehab profiles

Accountability systems

ICS

Liaison Techniques

Accountability Systems

Passport or other

In use by all members

Crews accountability to each other is essential

Best use on fireground comes from use in training

Movement between sectors

Accountability Systems

Safety for Company Officers

incident command system
What should the safety officer know?

Building construction

EMS background

Rehab profiles

Accountability systems

ICS

Liaison Techniques

Incident Command System

Safety Officer is part of Command Staff

Sector

Consult / advise Command of actions

Participate in planning process

Incident Command System

Safety for Company Officers

liaison techniques
What should the safety officer know?

Building construction

EMS background

Rehab profiles

Accountability systems

ICS

Liaison Techniques

Liaison Techniques

Understanding of outside agency participation in incident

excavators

utilities

Oversight of mutual aid companies

conflicting values?

Liaison Techniques

Safety for Company Officers

incident safety officer
Incident Safety Officer
  • Dispatch of ISO
    • Report of Fire (Company Officers)
    • Working Fires
    • HazMat/Special Operations
    • Mass Casualty
    • Report of Injured or Trapped Firefighters

Safety for Company Officers

arrival on scene
Arrival On Scene
  • Don full protective clothing
    • Same levels of protection as crews operating
  • Report to IC for briefing
    • Review action plan
    • Accountability in use
    • RIT in place

Safety for Company Officers

major areas of responsibility
Major Areas of Responsibility
  • Identify unsafe conditions, operations, or hazards that pose risk to firefighters
  • Once identified the Safety Officer must:
    • Immediately alter, suspend or terminate activities that are IMMINENT HAZARDS
    • Through command, alter conditions or activities that are NOT imminent

Safety for Company Officers

authority of the incident safety officer
Authority of the Incident Safety Officer
  • Complete authority to alter, suspend or terminate those activities judged to be unsafe of involving imminent hazard.

Review Division 10 and Department Policy

Safety for Company Officers

classic risk management plan
Classic Risk Management Plan
  • Risk a lot within a calculated plan to save a lot
  • Risk a little within a calculated plan to save a little
  • Risk nothing to save nothing

Safety for Company Officers

ongoing responsibilities
Ongoing Responsibilities
  • Firefighters continue to work within the risk management plan
  • Incident Commander has established rehab
  • Continuously monitor the fireground conditions
  • Ensure that accountability system is used
  • Collapse and Hot Zones are established and communicated

Safety for Company Officers

ongoing responsibilities30
Ongoing Responsibilities
  • Evaluate motor vehicle scene traffic hazards and vehicle placement
  • Monitor radio traffic
  • Evaluate the need and request assignment of assistant safety officers

Safety for Company Officers

specific incidents structural
Specific Incidents - Structural
  • Rapid Intervention Team in place
  • Evaluation of collapse potential and establishment of ZONES
  • Evaluate smoke conditions for potential deterioration of situations
  • Monitor access and egress points

Safety for Company Officers

specific incidents ems operations
Specific Incidents - EMS Operations
  • Infection control practices
  • Incident Scene rehabilitation
  • Critical Incident Stress management
  • Traffic Safety
  • Accountability

Safety for Company Officers

specific incidents hazmat
Specific Incidents - HazMat
  • Overall safety
    • HazMat safety officer assigned at operational level
      • Work with HazMat safety officer to coordinate events
  • Ensure that Hot, Warm and Cold Zones are established and marked
  • Participate in planning session with IC

Safety for Company Officers

specific incidents special operations
Specific Incidents - Special Operations
  • Similar to HazMat
    • Training should be equivalent to duties of special operations members
    • May serve as plan review position working with special operations member

Safety for Company Officers

slide35

Division 10 Checklist

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer sector36
Sector Officer

Time Keeping

Personnel Count

Building Survey

Operations

Accident/Injury Investigation

Time Keeping

Time of call

First entry by crews

Duration of interior attack

Any significant events

flashover

ventilation

rescue

Fireground Safety Officer (Sector)

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer sector37
Sector Officer

Time Keeping

Personnel Count

Building Survey

Operations

Accident/Injury Investigation

Personnel Count

Interior crews

Where assigned

Teams established

Accountability system in place and in use

Fireground Safety Officer (Sector)

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer sector38
Sector Officer

Time Keeping

Personnel Count

Building Survey

Operations

Accident/Injury Investigation

Building Survey

How long burning

Determined fire location

Integrity of roof/walls/ floors

Attention to Truss

Minimize exposure under/over large spans

Utilities OFF

Survey overhead hazards

Fireground Safety Officer (Sector)

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer fireground operations
Operations

Adequate flow/ GPM’s

Secondary escapes

Attention to ladder work

Observe collapse danger zones

Smoke volume, color, force

Fall hazards

Operations (con’t)

Air monitoring

Observe rehab profiles

Additional hazards

traffic

heat / cold

passive smoke in operations area

Fireground Safety OfficerFireground Operations

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer sector40
Sector Officer

Time Keeping

Personnel Count

Building Survey

Operations

Accident/Injury Investigation

Accident / Injury Investigation

Injured to hospital

Retain all equipment

Order blood / urine tests

Respond to hospital for interviews

Follow-up reporting after incident

Fireground Safety Officer (Sector)

Safety for Company Officers

fireground safety officer post incident responsibilities
Before leaving scene

Secure scene

CISD indicators?

Legal considerations

Brief Command on incident observations

Within 24 hours

Develop an incident review form and submit to Chief

Participate in critique, CISD

Participate in investigations of injuries and fatalities

Fireground Safety OfficerPost-Incident Responsibilities

Safety for Company Officers

case history
Case History

Safety for Company Officers