The Great Depression . Slide 1. The Nations Sick Economy. 1. What were some causes of the Great Depression? 2. What happened to the price of farm products during the 1920’s?. Towards the end of the 1920’s serious problems threatened economic prosperity.
1. What were some causes of the Great Depression?
2. What happened to the price of farm products during the 1920’s?
Towards the end of the 1920’s serious problems threatened economic prosperity.
1. Farmers faced hard times because the price of
crops declined after WWI
2. Easy credit put many people in debt
3. Overproduction of consumer goods
3. What does buying stock on margin mean?
4. What does speculation mean?
5. The day the stock market crashed became known as what?
6. What caused many banks to fail?
to the Great Depression.
7. Why did many businesses go bankrupt between 1929 and 1933?
8. What led to a dramatic drop in world trade
Also, the U.S. passed the Hawley-Smoot tariff on imported goods to give an advantage to American industries.
The High Tariff rate led to a dramatic drop in world trade.
9. Why did people refer to shantytowns as Hoovervilles?
10. Why did the psychological stress of the Great Depression to rise?
11. What caused The Dust Bowl?
12. Who wrote a novel about Oklahomans fleeing the Dust Bowl?
More than a million people traveled along
Route 66 to California- heard they needed people to help pick the crops.
They were known as “Okies”-
paid low-migrant farm
John Steinbeck wrote
“The Grapes of Wrath
fleeing the Dust Bowl
during the Great Depression
13. What was the name given to men and boys who rode the rails looking for work?
Many teenagers looked for a way out of the suffering. Hundreds of thousands of teenage boys and some girls joined thousands of out of work men and hopped aboard America's freight trains to zigzag the country in search of work, adventure, and an escape from
poverty. They were the sons of poor farmers, and out-of-work miners, and wealthy parents who had lost everything. “hoboes," as they were called, were eager to tour America for free.
14. What did Herbert Hoover ask businesses to do to help the economy?
15. What did Hoover believe the government should not do?
16. What $700 million public works project was named after Hoover?
One project that Hoover approved did make a difference, the construction of a dam on the Colorado River. In the fall of 1929, nearly one year into his presidency, Hoover authorized construction of Boulder Dam (later called Hoover Dam). At 726 ft. high and 1,244 ft. long it would be the world's tallest dam and the second largest. This project put a lot of men to work, but it was not nearly enough.
17. Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
18. Who were the candidates in the 1932 election?
19. What did Roosevelt call his plan for recovery from the Great Depression?
20. What did he hope the New Deal programs would do?
21. What was the first major action that Roosevelt took as president?
22. What did FDR call his series of radio broadcasts to the public?
On March 12, the day before the first banks were to reopen, President Roosevelt gave the first of his many fireside chats—radio talks about issues of public concern, explaining in clear, simple language his New Deal measures. These informal talks made Americans feel as if the president were talking directly to them.
23. What was the primary purpose of FDR’s “Court packing plan?”
24. Which two New Deal programs were ruled unconstitutional?
In 1935, the Court struck down the NIRA (24)National Industrial Recovery Act) as unconstitutional. The next year, the Supreme Court struck down the Agricultural Adjustment Act
23) Fearing that further Court decisions might dismantle the New Deal, President Roosevelt proposed that Congress enact a court-reform bill to allow him to appoint six new Supreme Court justices. This “Court-packing bill” aroused a storm of protest in Congress and the press. Many people believed that the president was violating principles of judicial independence and the separation of powers..
27) 1933Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)Provided jobs for single males on conservation projects.
1933Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) Helped states to provide aid for the26) unemployed.
1933Public Works Administration (PWA) Created jobs on government projects.
1933Civil Works Administration (CWA) Provided work in federal jobs.
25)1935Works Progress Administration (WPA)Quickly created as many jobs as possible—from construction jobs to positions in symphony orchestras.
1935National Youth Administration (NYA) Provided job training for unemployed young people and part-time jobs for needy students.
25. Which New Deal program created the most jobs?
26. Who did the Federal Emergency relief Administration try to help?
27. Which program showed Roosevelt's concern for the natural environment?
1933Emergency Banking Relief Act (EBRA) Banks were inspected by Treasury Department and those stable could reopen.
1933Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Protected bank deposits up to $5,000. (Today, accounts are protected up to $100,000.)
1933National Recovery Administration (NRA) Established codes of fair competition.
1934Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Supervised the stock market and eliminated dishonest practices.
1935Banking Act of 1935 Created seven-member board to regulate the nation's money supply and the interest rates on loans.
1936Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDC) Required manufacturers to list ingredients in foods, drugs, and cosmetic products.
1933Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) Aided farmers and regulated crop production. ( to raise the prices of farm products)
1933Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Developed the resources of the Tennessee Valley.
1935Rural Electrification Administration (REA) Provided affordable electricity for isolated rural areas.
28. What was the main objective of the Agricultural Adjustment Act?
1933Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) Loaned money at low interest to homeowners who could not meet mortgage payments.
1934Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Insured loans for building and repairing homes.
1937United States Housing Authority (USHA) Provided federal loans for low-cost public housing.
1935National Labor Relations Board (Wagner Act) Defined unfair labor practices and established the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) to settle disputes between employers and employees.
1938Fair Labor Standards Act Established a minimum hourly wage and a maximum number of hours in the workweek for the entire country. Set rules for the employment of workers under 16 and banned hazardous factory work for those under 18.
1935Social Security Administration Provided a pension for retired workers and their spouses and aided people with disabilities.
1. What is the scene depicting?
Are there labels or a title?
What symbolism do you see?
What do the objects represent?
Who are the characters and how are they drawn?
What is the cartoonist’s point-of-view on this issue?
29. Using the questions above, what is your political analysis of this cartoon?
1.What is the scene depicting?
2.Are there labels or a title?
3.What symbolism do you see?
4.What do the objects represent?
5.Who are the characters and how are they drawn?
6.What is the cartoonists point-of-view on this issue?
30. Using the questions above, what is your political analysis of this cartoon?
31. What are some of the lasting government programs left over from the New Deal?
32. Which policy had the biggest long term impact?
pensions for the elderly aid to families with children unemployment compensation assistance for the handicapped