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The Psychoanalytic Theory: H A M L E T . • PAOLA CASTRO • • MARLENE JIMENEZ • • RAEGAN SANCHEZ • • JULIO CARBAJAL • February, 2013 Period 1. What is the psychoanalytic theory?. The definition and dynamics of personality

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paola castro marlene jimenez raegan sanchez julio carbajal february 2013 period 1

The Psychoanalytic Theory:

H A M L E T

• PAOLA CASTRO •

• MARLENE JIMENEZ •

• RAEGAN SANCHEZ •

• JULIO CARBAJAL •

February, 2013Period 1

slide2

What is

the psychoanalytic theory?

The definition and dynamics of personality

development which underlie and guide psychoanalytic psychotherapy.

First laid out bysigmund, psychoanalytic theory has undergone many refinements since his work Psychoanalytic theory came to full prominence as a critical force in the last third of the twentieth century as part of the flow of critical discourse after the 1960s.

slide3

So what?

Many of the characters are plagued with psychological disorders that ultimately lead to their demise.

p r o l o g u e

There was a kingdom called Denmark, whose

king was murdered by his brother, cunningly.

He came to his son, hamlet, to avenge his death,

Thus, HAMLET was left alone and crazed.

Hamlet, enraged, with a heart to do so,

Set forth to commit the tragic murders of those

Both hated and loved; gave way to

The untimely death of all those involved.

• P r o l o g u e •
s c h i z o p h r e n i a
S c h I z o p h r e n I a

ACT III.IV.107-142

(pp. 177-178)

slide6

S c h I z o p h r e n I a

  • Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects the way a person acts, thinks, and sees the world.
  • MISCONCEPTIONS
  •  Schizophrenia refers to a "split personality" or multiple personalities
  • Schizophrenia is a rare condition.
  • People with schizophrenia are dangerous.
  • People with schizophrenia can’t be helped.
slide7

S c h I z o p h r e n I a

  • SYMPTOMS:
  • Delusions,
  • HALLUCINATIONS,
  • disorganized speech
  • disorganized behavior, and
  • the so-called “negative” symptoms:
    • Lack of emotional expression
    • Lack of interest or enthusiasm
    • Seeming lack of interest in the world 
    • Speech difficulties and abnormalities

Hmm.. Hamlet does have schizophrenia

slide8

E X P L A N A T I O N

As evident, Hamlet is one of the only characters who can see his father’s ghost. Not only that, but he can also communicate with him.

Given this, it is possible that Hamlet has been having hallucinations about his father, thus categorizing him as a schizophrenic character.

slide9

B I p o l a r I t y

ACT III.I.57-70

(pp. 123-125)

slide10

B I p o la r I t y

  • Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) causes serious shifts in mood, energy, thinking, and behavior–from the highs of mania on one extreme, to the lows of depression on the other.
  • MISCONCEPTIONS
  • People with bipolar disorder can’t get better or lead a normal life.
  • People with bipolar disorder swing back and forth between mania and depression.
slide11

bipolarity

  • SYMPTOMS:
  • Feeling hopeless, sad, or empty,
  • Inability to experience pleasure.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Thoughts of death or suicide
slide12

E X P L A N A T I O N

In the famous To Be or Not To Be soliloquy that has been much

overused, lies Hamlet’s most dramatic example of a bipolar disorder. Hamlet has a dilemma between living and dying, in which he express many feelings that back up his desire for each thought. Hamlet has these

Feelings simultaneously, thus categorizing him as bipolar.

slide13

D e p r e s s I o n

ACT IV.V.196-205

(pp. 219)

ACT I.II.68-86

(pp. 26-27)

slide14

D E P R E S S I O N

  • a normal reaction to loss, life's struggles, or an injured self-esteem.
  • SYMPTOMS
  • Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness
  • Unexplained aches and pains
  • Unusual preoccupation with death or dying.
  • Expressing strong feelings of hopelessness or being trapped
slide15

E X PL A N A T I O N

AS IT IS MADE CLEAR BY HAMLET HIMSELF, HIS MAIN CAUSE OF DEPRESSION IS THE LOSS OF

HIS FATHER.

AS FOR OPHELIA, THE DEATH OF HER FATHER IS ONE OF THE MAIN CAUSES OF HER DEPRESSION. THIS IS ESPECIALLY VISIBLE WHEN SHE SINGS THE SONG THEN DISAPPEARS AND IS KNOWN TO BE DROWNED IN THE SAME ACT AND SCENE

b i b l i o g r a p h y
b I b l I o g r a p h y

“BIPOLAR DISORDER: Signs and Symptoms." Help Guide. HelpGuide.org, Nov. 2012. Web. 08Feb. 2013. <http://www.helpguide.org/topics/bipolar.htm>.

“DEPRESSION DISORDER: Signs and Symptoms." Help Guide. HelpGuide.org, Nov. 2012. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. <http://www.helpguide.org/mental/depression_signs_types_diag nosis_treatment.htm >

Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. Evanston: McDougal Littell, n.d. Print.

"Schizophrenia: Signs and Symptoms." Help Guide. HelpGuide.org, Nov. 2012. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.helpguide.org/mental/schizophrenia_symptom.htm>.

The Passion of the Christ Soundtrack. By John Debney. Rec. 8 Dec. 2003. Sony BMG Music Entertainment, 2004. CD.