The history of Swedish Youth Care. Nils Åkesson. Råby Rescue home was set up 1838 . The founder of Råby, baron Gösta Gyllenkrok. Dormitory at Råby. Johannisberg, knitting boys. Folåsa Rescue home 1901. Johannisberg evening prayers. Johannisberg gardening.
The history of Swedish Youth Care Nils Åkesson
Else Kleen: ”Having semi-qualifiedstaff in these positions simplywon´t do. Recruitementof managers is beingdealtwhit in a haphazardmanner. Retiredarmy officers or youngunexperienceddeaconsare not suited as headsofprotectionhomes”. • ”The morequalified the supervisorsare, the emptier the punishmentledgerwill be”.
Media coverageof juvenile crimes theft violence
Improving the Effectivnessof Juvenile Justice Programs, Lipseym.fl, 2010 • For youths with severe antisocial problems and who are placed in closed institutions Lipsey argues for the importance of a systematic approach. • Interventions and efforts aimed at this group ought to be extensive and targeted at the youngster’s specific needs, i.e. specific risk and protective factors. • The adolescent should be offered some form of transition or re-entry programs, case managers or after-car. • A systematic approach to such challenges requires: • A thorough examination of the adolescent’s risk of relapse • Necessary treatment or support should be emphasized and given priority • Enforcement plans or treatment plans should include a time schedule and be possible to follow up. Furthermore, plans must be revised and followed-up on a regular basis.
Unintended harm of institutional care • Youths are separated from normal maturation processes • Family ties are, at least temporarily, cut or weakened • The development of social skills is obstructed • Negative peer influences • Education may be interrupted • Responsibility for everyday life is limited • Compulsory care is in itself offensive
Advantages of institutional care • An institution can offer shelter in a situation of chaos and anxiety • Put a halt to destructive behavior, such as drug abuse • Ayouth will be inhibited from developing antisocial norms and behavior ”out there” • Compensatory schooling, health care, social training, activities of daily life, etc • Influence on the youth all day, every day (building alliances between staff and youths)
Future institutional care • Institutional care must be well-structured and predictable • Treatment should be organized according to knowledge based principles; scientific evidence, professional experience, and the youth’s own needs and preferences • Efforts should be aimed at reinforcing normal maturation processes • Limit additional coercive measures within this framework – such as seclusions or restraints • Professional management so that dysfunctional (for example repressive) manners are less likely to thrive • Competence in cooperation and working with many external parties • Tomorrow’s institution is a learning organization