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The Agrarian Revolution . Modernization~ (noun) the transformation from a traditional farming society to a city and industrial society. The modernization of a society is something that can happen very quickly.

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Modernization~ (noun) the transformation from a traditional farming society to a city and industrial society.
  • The modernization of a society is something that can happen very quickly.
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Domestication (noun) - A plant or animal that has been adapted to live in a human environment to be of use to humans

  • Domestication of plants and animals was a defining moment in human history because it began spread of human civilizations.
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Intensification (noun) an action that makes something stronger or more extreme.

  • Farmers used the process of intensification to deliberately manipulate the environment to encourage the production of the plants and animals they wanted.
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Agrarian~ (noun) farming life, concerned with taking care of the land, growing crops and raising animals

  • The Agrarian Revolution between the 18th century and the end of the 19th, was a time of big improvements in technology with new machines to make farming easier, like the plow.
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Sedentary~ (adjective) little movement; to stay in one place

  • Once early people discovered agriculture, some became sedentary, or stayed on one farm for the rest of their life.
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Complex Societies~ (noun) a developed society that has advanced cities, a government, religion, writing system, job specialization, social classes, and arts.

  • In a simple society, two tribes may fight over land; in a complex society, two countries will have a war.
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Deforestation ~ (noun) to cut down and clear away the trees or forests

  • Some societies use deforestation to create more land for farming.
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Patriarchy~ (noun) a society or government in which only men have control

  • Many religions are considered patriarchal because only men can have power within the church.
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Ingenuity~ (noun) the quality of being clever, original, and inventive

  • Human ingenuity throughout the ages has led to new innovations which change our lives for the better and sometimes, worse.
a universe of possibilities the invisible revealed

A Universe of Possibilities:The Invisible Revealed.

Modernization and it’s affect on our world.

what is modernization
What is Modernization?

Modernization refers to a model of an evolutionary transition from a ‘pre-modern’ or ‘traditional’ to a ‘modern’ society.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pnmZalx9YY

what are we trying to answer
What are we trying to answer?!

How has modernization changed the environment, society, and the way we think?

you re going to be answering 3 big questions this unit
You’re going to be answering 3 BIG Questions this unit!

As the world has evolved through modernization:

  • How did human’s relationship with the environment change and why?
  • How did human’s relationships with other humans change and why?
  • How did humans’ big ideas, beliefs and views of the world around them change and why?
how do we answer these questions
How do we answer these questions?!

To answer these BIG questions we are going to evaluate 7 themes during 3 modernization revolutions:

The Agricultural Revolution!

The Industrial Revolution!

The Digital Revolution!

theme 1 the pattern of population
Theme 1: The Pattern of Population

This theme comes first because the number of men and women in the world, the distribution of populations around the globe, and the migration patterns of people from one region to another have always had a large effect on all other types of change. The study of population size, density, and distribution is called demography.

theme 2 the economic networks and exchange
Theme 2: The Economic Networks and Exchange

This Key Theme is concerned with the role of networks of economic exchange in history. It has to do with the ways in which people have exchanged ideas and goods, sometimes over great distances, and how networks have provided the basic framework on which the present-day world economy has been built.

theme 3 the uses and abuses of power
Theme 3: The Uses and Abuses of Power

Why don't we live in a world where all human beings are equally powerful, individuals cannot control the actions of one another, and no nation can dominate any other? We all know that the President of the United States is much more powerful than individual citizens, heads of corporations are more powerful than employees, and the members of public school boards are more powerful than teachers. Differences in power are present at many different levels of human society: between individuals, between states, between social classes. Indeed, power is all around us.

theme 4 who the haves and the have nots were
Theme 4: Who the Haves and the Have-Nots Were

In the paleolithic era, which accounts for most of human history, few differences of wealth, power, or social status separated individuals from one another. Hunter-gatherer communities lived mobile lives, moving from camp to camp and carrying all their possessions with them. Individuals or families might possess lightweight objects, such as ornaments or weapons, but they did not accumulate large amounts of material goods because they simply could not lug them around. Today, the allocation of the world's wealth is more uneven than ever before. Some individuals and groups have become extremely wealthy, while others have become poorer. Today, these disparities are global. 

theme 5 how people expressed their identity
Theme 5: How People Expressed Their Identity

Who am I? What group do I belong to? Who are my friends? Who are my enemies? What is my identity?

The sense of identity is not unique to humans. All animals protect themselves. To do so, they have to be able to distinguish between members of their own species and “outsiders.” They know, in some sense, to what group they belong and who their enemies are. So our need for identity probably has deep roots in our biology. In the animal world, identity can be a matter of life and death. An antelope that cannot distinguish between hungry lions and other antelopes will not last long. Much the same is true in the human world. Among your own family and friends, you will generally find protection. Among aliens, you will often find indifference, sometimes even hostility. So, knowing your identity is like knowing where your home base is. All humans need to know to which groups they belong.

theme 6 the science and technology
Theme 6: The Science and Technology

The study of science, technology and the environment has to do with the changing ways in which humans have used the knowledge they share through collective learning to exploit their physical and natural surroundings. As humans have discovered more and more ways of extracting energy and using animals, plants, and minerals for their own purposes, they have begun to change the biosphere at an increasing pace. Though our technological and scientific creativity has allowed our species to multiply, it has also transformed the living conditions for all species on earth. We do not yet know where these accelerating changes will lead. They include, for example, an explosion of genetic knowledge that promises better treatments for numerous diseases. But they also include global warming, which, if it continues, might have devastating effects on humankind’s well-being.

theme 7 the spiritual and moral code
Theme 7: The Spiritual and Moral Code

Are morality and spirituality unique to human beings? How has human spirituality changed in the course of history? How have changing ideas of morality and spirituality shaped history? The word spirituality refers to human awareness of a transcendental state of being, one that is beyond the material world of everyday life. It may mean belief in a supreme creator, in an afterlife, or in the existence of mysterious spirits and magical forces. Our sense of spirituality shapes how we think of the world and our place in it. It also shapes our sense of morality, that is, the way in which we recognize differences between right and wrong. Spirituality has been a powerful force in human history.

now what
Now What?

Now that you know the questions and the themes, what are we going to do with this information?!

The Price of Modernization: A Study of Then, Now, and Future

Part One: You will pick one of the Big Three Questions (impact on the environment, people, or ideas) and evaluate how the relationship discussed in that Big Question evolved over time and why it evolved as such.

Part Two: You then must generate what they think the answer to their Big Question will be in the future era based on how they have seen the relationship evolve in the past.

Project Format: You may pick from a number of formats for this project but if they pick an option from row A for one part then they must pick from row B for the other.

part one a
Part One A
  • Your goal is to clarify how the relationship between humans and their environment, humans and other humans, or humans and their ideas and views of the world have changed over time.
  • You have been asked to write an article on the topic, in which your target audience knows nothing about the subject. The challenge is to explain the evolution of the relationship through the agricultural relationship, industrial revolution and digital revolution in chronological order, including enough historic details in order that someone who has never studied this topic will understand.
  • Your work will be judged by the attached rubric.
part one b
Part One B
  • Your goal is to clarify how the relationship between humans and their environment, humans and other humans, or humans and their ideas and views of the world have changed over time.
  • Your job is to teach a classmate who has been absent during this unit. The challenge is that they missed the entire historic context taught in class of why these relationships changed, and need your help to pass their exam. You will create a PhotoStory in order to help them understand the evolution of one of these relationship using pictures and your own explanations.
  • Your work will be judged by the attached rubric.
part two a
Part Two A
  • Your goal is to predict what you think the relationship between humans and their environment, humans and other humans, or humans and their ideas and views of the world will look like in the future.
  • You are preparing a persuasive speech to give at a TED talk in which you are trying to convince your audience of how modernization will shape our future. The challenge is that your must use the trends of the past (such as population growth, energy and resource consumption, or scientific innovation) to prove your hypothesis. You need to develop a persuasive speech so that your TED talk will gain popularity on YouTube so that more people will be aware of the effects of modernization.
  • Your work will be judged by the attached rubric.
part two b
Part Two B
  • Your goal is to predict what you think the relationship between humans and their environment, humans and other humans, or humans and their ideas and views of the world will look like in the future.
  • Your job is to create a picture book to spread awareness of what the future may hold to those who will most be affected by it, children. The challenge is to simplify a complex hypothesis that includes information of past trends (such as population growth, energy and resource consumption, or scientific innovation) that prove your prediction to a level a child could understand. You will create a children’s picture book explaining the prediction through words and pictures (written as a historic narrative) so that children can understand how the world may change due to modernization.
  • Your work will be judged by the attached rubric