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Chapter 6 - The French Revolution and Napoleon. Section 4 – The Age of Napoleon Begins. Napoleon Bonaparte I (1769-1821) Emperor of France. Setting the Scene

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chapter 6 the french revolution and napoleon

Chapter 6 - The French Revolution and Napoleon

Section 4 – The Age of Napoleon Begins

Napoleon Bonaparte I (1769-1821) Emperor of France

slide2

Setting the Scene

Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Corsica, a French-ruled island in the Mediterranean. His family were minor nobles, but had little money. At age nine, he was sent to France to be trained for a military career. When the revolution broke out, he was an ambitious 20-year-old lieutenant, eager to make a name for himself.

i napoleon s rise to power

I. Napoleon’s Rise to Power

During the revolution, Napoleon rose quickly after winning major battles against the British and Austrians

i napoleon s rise to power1

In 1799, he helped overthrow the Directory and set up a three-man government known as the Consulate

I. Napoleon’s Rise to Power

A portrait of the three Consuls (between 1799 and 1804 ), with Napoleon in the center

i napoleon s rise to power2

By 1804, Napoleon had acquired enough power to assume the title Emperor of France

I. Napoleon’s Rise to Power

Napoleon on His Imperial Throne by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1806)

ii france under napoleon

Napoleon consolidated his power by strengthening the central government

II. France Under Napoleon

"A Grateful France Proclaims Napoleon the First Emperor of the French"

ii france under napoleon2

He made peace with the Catholic Church in the Concordat of 1801, recognizing religious freedom for Catholics

II. France Under Napoleon

Vers le retour à la paix religieuse Towards the return to religious peace

iii building an empire2

Napoleon waged economic warfare through the Continental System, which closed European ports to British goods

III. Building an Empire

slide13

Section 5 - The End of an Era

Napoleon watched the battle for the Russian city of Smolensk from a chair outside his tent. As fires lit up the walled city, he exclaimed: "It's like Vesuvius erupting. Don't you think this is a beautiful sight?“ "Horrible, Sire," replied an aide.

"Bah!" snorted Napoleon. "Remember, gentlemen, what a Roman emperor said: The corpse of an enemy always smells sweet“ In 1812, Napoleon pursued his dream of empire by invading Russia. The campaign began a chain of events that eventually led to his downfall. Napoleon's final defeat brought an end to the era of the French Revolution.

i challenges to napoleon s empire1

They resented the Continental System and Napoleon's effort to impose French culture

I. Challenges to Napoleon's Empire

Napoleon in His Study by Jacques-Louis David, 1812

i challenges to napoleon s empire3

In 1812 the czar of Russia withdrew from the Continental System and Napoleon responded by invading

I. Challenges to Napoleon's Empire

French in Moscow, 1812 (Artist unknown)

i challenges to napoleon s empire5

Napoleon entered Moscow in September, but because he couldn’t supply his army through the winter, began his withdraw in October

I. Challenges to Napoleon's Empire

Napoleon's retreat from Moscow (Adolph Northern)

ii downfall of napoleon1

Louis XVIII returned as king of France, but many remained loyal to Napoleon

II. Downfall of Napoleon

Louis XVIII, King of France (1814–24)

iii the congress of vienna

European leaders met at the Congress of Vienna to restore stability and order

III. The Congress of Vienna

The Great Powers of Europe met at Vienna from September 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815 to settle the future boundaries of the continent