Group 4 Project- Stem Cell Research. By: Jeet Mehta, Chelsea Bodoe, Jayneel Limbachia and Davina Sran. What are Stem Cells?. Stem cells are basically cells found in every multi-cellular organism. The difference between them and other cells is their ability to renew themselves.
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By: Jeet Mehta, Chelsea Bodoe, Jayneel Limbachia and Davina Sran.
Stem cells are mainly defined by 2 important properties:
Self-Renewal also has two main mechanisms, and these exist so the cell’s population can maintain a certain state.
The stem cell divides into 1 identical daughter cell and 1 differentiated (transformed) daughter cell.
2. Stochastic Differentiation:
One Stem cell divides into 2 transformed daughter cells and another stem cell divides into 2 identical daughter cells.
As mentioned earlier, potency of a cell describes its potential to specialize or differentiate.
There are 5 types of cell potency:
The definition of stem cells practially is this:
Stem Cells – a cell that can regenerate tissue and sustain it over a lifetime.
This definition can be applied in many medical uses of stem cells such as bone-marrow operations, hematopoietic cells etc.
There are two main types of stem cells:
1. Embryonic 2. Adult (Somatic)
Formation of Embryonic Stem Cells and the types of organs they can create
Research is done to visualize how to create these other wanted cells
Includes Ethical implications as well