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#6. Jimmy Hoffa. Day 149: The Eisenhower Era. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 22 , 2014 A.P . U.S. History Mr. Green. Objective . The students will be able to analyze to what extent U.S. foreign policy in the 1950s impacted decision-making in Southeast Asia and the Middle East.

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Jimmy Hoffa

day 149 the eisenhower era

Day 149: The Eisenhower Era

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

April 22, 2014

A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green


The students will be able to analyze to what extent U.S. foreign policy in the 1950s impacted decision-making in Southeast Asia and the Middle East.

the eisenhower era 1952 1960
The Eisenhower Era 1952-1960


Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.

Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.

Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.

Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.

AP Focus

Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.

Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.

chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.

Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.

warm up

How would you evaluate President Eisenhower on the issue of civil rights? Explain.

What role should the United States play in preventing the spread of communism? Explain.

eisenhower republicanism at home
Eisenhower Republicanism at Home

Limited Federal Government

Cut back on Truman’s military buildup

military spending 10% of GNP

oil fields went to state control

attempted to curb the TVA

Dixon/Yates controversy

private power company to build a generating plant to compete with the public utility born during the Great Depression

HEW-free distribution of the Salk anti-polio vaccine as “socialized medicine”

Federal Highway Act of 1956

42,000 miles of highway

$27 billion dollars

Mobilize the troops anywhere

Killed the train

revising taft hartley
Revising Taft-Hartley

Landrum-Griffin Act 1959

bring labor leaders to book for financial shenanigans and bullying tactics

The Teamsters and Hoffa caused the conversation for reform to occur

October 4, 1957-Sputnik I

November 4, 1957-Sputnik II

rattled the U.S.

U.S. formed NASA

better funded science/math in public schools


Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh/Viet Minh

French colony, but by 1954 the U.S. paid nearly 80% of the French war in Indochina ($1 billion/year)

Battle of Dien Bien Phu-March 1954

Vietnam nationalists surround the French garrison

Ike stayed out, even though Nixon, Dulles and the Joint Chiefs favored intervention

Split Vietnam at the 17 parallel with elections in 2 years

Ngo Dinh Diem propped up in the South at Saigon

Elections never happened

Aid to Diem provided he undertook social reforms

europe and the middle east
Europe and the Middle East

West Germany joined NATO in 1955

Warsaw Pact in 1955

USSR left Austria in 1955 and Khrushchev denounced dead Joe Stalin

Hungarian Uprising in 1956


Shah put in place in 1953 by the CIA

Mohammed Reza Pahlevi

Suez crisis (Nationalism)

Egypt wanted a dam on the upper Nile

Nasser flirted with the communists and Dulles pulled the money

Nasser nationalized the canal and no oil could get to Britain and France and they assaulted Egypt in Oct. 1956

OPEC formed in 1960-Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran and Venezuela

western hemisphere
Western Hemisphere

1954-CIA directed coup ousted a leftist government in Guatemala

As long as you were fighting communists, everything is OK

Fulgencio Batista-encourage huge investments of American capital

Castro took control in 1959 and began dolling out American owned property

U.S. stopped importing Cuban sugar

Castro continued confiscating U.S. owned land

USSR found an ally/satellite in Cuba

class discussion
Class Discussion

1. Begin 1950’s chart

2. Complete Korean Conflict Chart


Read Chapter 35

Prepare for 5 question reading check on Tuesday