#6. Jimmy Hoffa. Day 149: The Eisenhower Era. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 22 , 2014 A.P . U.S. History Mr. Green. Objective . The students will be able to analyze to what extent U.S. foreign policy in the 1950s impacted decision-making in Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
April 22, 2014
A.P. U.S. History
The students will be able to analyze to what extent U.S. foreign policy in the 1950s impacted decision-making in Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.
Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.
Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.
Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.
Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.
Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.
Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.
Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.
How would you evaluate President Eisenhower on the issue of civil rights? Explain.
What role should the United States play in preventing the spread of communism? Explain.
Limited Federal Government
Cut back on Truman’s military buildup
military spending 10% of GNP
oil fields went to state control
attempted to curb the TVA
private power company to build a generating plant to compete with the public utility born during the Great Depression
HEW-free distribution of the Salk anti-polio vaccine as “socialized medicine”
Federal Highway Act of 1956
42,000 miles of highway
$27 billion dollars
Mobilize the troops anywhere
Killed the train
Landrum-Griffin Act 1959
bring labor leaders to book for financial shenanigans and bullying tactics
The Teamsters and Hoffa caused the conversation for reform to occur
October 4, 1957-Sputnik I
November 4, 1957-Sputnik II
rattled the U.S.
U.S. formed NASA
better funded science/math in public schools
Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh/Viet Minh
French colony, but by 1954 the U.S. paid nearly 80% of the French war in Indochina ($1 billion/year)
Battle of Dien Bien Phu-March 1954
Vietnam nationalists surround the French garrison
Ike stayed out, even though Nixon, Dulles and the Joint Chiefs favored intervention
Split Vietnam at the 17 parallel with elections in 2 years
Ngo Dinh Diem propped up in the South at Saigon
Elections never happened
Aid to Diem provided he undertook social reforms
West Germany joined NATO in 1955
Warsaw Pact in 1955
USSR left Austria in 1955 and Khrushchev denounced dead Joe Stalin
Hungarian Uprising in 1956
Shah put in place in 1953 by the CIA
Mohammed Reza Pahlevi
Suez crisis (Nationalism)
Egypt wanted a dam on the upper Nile
Nasser flirted with the communists and Dulles pulled the money
Nasser nationalized the canal and no oil could get to Britain and France and they assaulted Egypt in Oct. 1956
OPEC formed in 1960-Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran and Venezuela
1954-CIA directed coup ousted a leftist government in Guatemala
As long as you were fighting communists, everything is OK
Fulgencio Batista-encourage huge investments of American capital
Castro took control in 1959 and began dolling out American owned property
U.S. stopped importing Cuban sugar
Castro continued confiscating U.S. owned land
USSR found an ally/satellite in Cuba
1. Begin 1950’s chart
2. Complete Korean Conflict Chart
Read Chapter 35
Prepare for 5 question reading check on Tuesday