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S. Y. N. A. E. S. H. E. S. I. A. GROUP 4/11. GUREENA D. TYUNINA V. SIROTKIN N. EFIMOV N. VASILIEV O. WHAT IS SYNAESTHESIA?. Synaesthesia is a responding to a stimulus of one sense modality with sensations which belong to another sense modality . In 1883, Sir Francis Galton
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The phrase «synaesthesia in art» has historically referred to a wide variety of artistic experiments in order to synthesize different art disciplines (i.e. music and painting) as can be observed in the genres of visual music, abstract film, computer animation, symbolist poetry, multimedia and intermedial art.
Synesthesiais a neurological condition in which one or more sensory modalities become linked.
Author and synesthete, Patricia Lynne Duffyhas described four ways in which synesthete characters have been used in modern fiction.
According to author Patricia Lynne Duffy in her presentations on "Images of Synesthetes in Fiction", portrayals of these characters and their synesthesia generally fall into four categories:
In Vladimir Nabokov’s novel, The Gift, the main character Fyodor is a gifted young poet who experiences synesthesia.
Fyodor perceives a sublime beauty in letters and sounds, which he shares with others through poetic description. In writing about synesthesia, Nabokov was likely drawing on his own synesthetic experiences, which he details in his autobiography.
Certain types of synesthetic experience can also be induced by brain injuries.
In the novel, “The Whole World Over” by Julia Glass, the character Saga experiences words as having color after she has an accident that causes a head trauma.
This category of synesthesia combines the previous two: the character’s synesthesia is portrayed as pathology — but, allowinga "glorious" pathology him/her to perceive more sublime levels of reality.
In Holly Payne’s novel, “The Sounds of Blue”, the character, Milan, a composer, perceives music as having beautiful color, but his synesthetic experience indicates an oncoming epileptic seizure.
In Wendy Mass’s children’s novel, “A Mango-Shaped Space”, the 13-year-old character, Mia loses her synesthesia after her beloved cat dies, but regains it after she works through the trauma.
In this category of novel the ability to perceive synesthetically represents health and balance for the particular character.
(19 October 1882 – 17 August 1916)
Italian painter, sculptor, and theorist of the futurist movement
"We go all the way back to the first universal sensation that our spirit can already perceive thanks to the extremely intense synthesis of all the senses in a universal whole which will make us return through and beyond our millennial complexity, to primordial simplicity."
"It is achieved through the intuitive search for the one single form which produces continuity in space."
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space 1913 (Bronze)
(December 12, 1863 – January 23, 1944)
Norwegian Symbolist painter, printmaker, and an important forerunner of expressionistic art
"Nature is not only all that is visible to the eye —it also includes the inner pictures of the soul."
"At different moments you see with different eyes. You see differently in the morning than you do in the evening. In addition, how you see is also dependent on your emotional state. Because of this, a motif can be seen in many different ways, and this is what makes art interesting."
(18 December 1879 – 29 June 1940)
Swiss-born painter and graphic artist
"Color possesses me... forever, I know. Color and I are one. I am a painter."
"A line is a dot that goes for a walk."
"I paint… so that I may not cry."
He is a Russian composer and pianist
who developed a highly lyrical and idiosyncratic tonal language. Many of Scriabin's works are written for the piano.
While Scriabin wrote only a small number of orchestral works, they are among his most famous, and some are frequently performed. They include three symphonies, a piano concerto , The Poem of Ecstasy and Prometheus: The Poem of Fire.
The Moscow Conservatory where Scriabin studied
Scriabin associated sounds with colours. In Prometheus: The Poem of Fire (1910), which includes a part for a "clavier à lumières", also known as the Luce (Italian for "Light"), which was a colour organ designed specifically for the performance of Scriabin's symphony.
Scriabin's keyboard (Colours described by Scriabin.)
But some researchersdoubt that Alexander Scriabin actually experienced synaesthesia. His colour system, unlike most synesthetic experience, lines up with the circle of fifths: it was a thought-out system.
Poem of Fire
Keys arranged in a circle of fifths in order to show the spectral relationship.
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakovwas a Russian composer, and a member of the group of composers known as "The Five." He is particularly noted for a predilection for folk and fairy-tale subjects, and for his extraordinary skill in orchestration.
Rimsky-Korsakov had synesthesia. In the case of Rimsky-Korsakov, he perceived colors associated with major keys, as follows:
Portrait of Rimsky-Korsakov by Ilya Repin
Rimsky-Korsakov was a prolific composer. While Rimsky-Korsakov is best known for in the West for his orchestral works, his operas far outweigh them in importance, offering a far wider variety of orchestral effect as well as his finest vocal writing. Subjects range from historical melodramas (The Tsar's Bride) to folk operas (May Night) to fairytales and legends (Snowmaiden, Kashchey the Immortal and The Tale of Tsar Saltan).
The Flight of the Bumblebee
The young prince and princess
Rimsky-Korsakov for the work ( portrait by Serov V.)
Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov(23 April 1899, Saint Petersburg – 2 July 1977, Montreux) was a multilingual Russian-American novelist and short story writer. Nabokov wrote his first nine novels in Russian, then rose to international prominence as a master English prosestylist.
Nabokov was a synesthete and described aspects of synesthesia in several of his works. In his memoir Speak, Memory, he notes that his wife also exhibited synesthesia; like her husband, her mind's eye associated colors with particular letters.
Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet, born in Charleville. As part of the decadent movement, his influence on modern literature, music and art has been enduring and pervasive. The prodigy Arthur Rimbaud wrote all of his poetry in a space of less than five years. His poem "Voyelles" invoked synesthesia, marking him as a founder of French symbolism.
Arthur Rimbaud stated that he did not only hear people's voices but also did see them: colourful geometric shapes - squares, triangles, circles and ovals - came out of mouths of his interlocutors.
Charles Pierre Baudelaire (9 April 1821 - 31 August 1867) was a nineteenth century French poet, critic and translator. A controversial figure in his lifetime, Baudelaire's name has become a byword for literary and artistic decadence. At the same time his works, in particular his book of poetry Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil), have been acknowledged as classics of French literature.
Like long echoes that intermingle from afar
In a dark and profound unity,
Vast like the night and like the light,
The perfumes, the colors and the sounds respond.
Indeed, synesthetes are in some sense, people of the future. Some features of human evolution can be deduced from 'synesthesia-phenomena' directed studies. Also 'intuition' appears mostly in a synesthetic form. To apprehend reality as fully as we can, we need to experience it in as many forms as possible, and synesthetes have in some sense a richer experience of reality than other people — a people in general," says neuroscientist Dr. Ramachandran, "artists often have the ability to link unconnected domains, have the power of metaphor and the capability of blending realities," he says. Several questions are still waiting for an answer: "what is the difference between synesthete and non-synesthete brains?", "can synesthesia be learned or cultivated?" and "will it ever be 'genetically' possible, to become a synesthete?"