ACT Practice Sentence Structure
Question 1 • Correct Answer: B • Parallel Structure and Items in a Series • When you see the gingerbread houses of Roskilde with • their neatly thatched roofs, • the gardens fill with flowers and blooms, • and the happy smiles on the fresh-faced inhabitants, . . .
Question 2 • Correct Answer: C • Correcting a run-on sentence [IC. IC] • Roskilde’s main museum is devoted to those early inhabitants. [independent clause] • The Vikings once wandered throughout Europe, . . . [independent clause]
Question 3 • Correct Answer: C • Verb tense • . . . by some reports [they] may have travelled all the way to North America as well.
Question 4 • Correct Answer: C • Joining an independent and dependent clause [IC,DC] • The museum sits on a site at the edge of Roskilde fiord [independent clause], where the Viking ships were once launched on voyages of conquest and plunder [dependent clause].
Question 5 • Correct Answer: B • Correcting a misplaced modifier • Until twenty years ago used only by the fisherman who still ply their trade in the fiord, the craggy shoreline must now be shared with tourists who arrive in buses to watch local artisans . . . • The participial phrase (in red) must be near what it is modifying (in blue). • Answer D corrects the placement; however, the wording is very awkward. Answer B is most concise.
Question 6 • Correct answer: A • There is nothing wrong with the original sentence. • “In the traditional manner” modifies build, so they need to stay near each other; however, answer C sounds awkward.
Question 7 • Correct Answer: B • Correcting a run on sentence [IC IC] to [IC. IC] • High above the fiord is Roskilde Cathedral, built by famous Viking King Harold Blue-toothe in the 1200s. [IC] The king is said to have converted to Christianity when a visiting priest was able to cure his toothache. [IC]
Question 8 • Correct Answer: D • Joining an independent and dependent clause • The shortest was a king of Siam [IC], who one hopes was only a boy at the time [DC].