The Assessment guide http://www.naplan.edu.au/writing_2011_-_domains.html
Purpose Persuasive Writing Audience To argue a case for or against a particular position or point of view. To inform, entertain, persuade. Need to consider target audience: peers, distant, general, specialised. What does that mean for our teaching? Teaching Ideas/ Approaches Format Language features Text Structure Advertisements Letters Pamphlets Speech Debate Newspaper Article Cartoons Oral discussion – reading and talking about the genre Oral games Use models Deconstruct/reconstruct text Use writing frameworks Adapting /analysing models Group/ shared work Practice sequencing Ideas Alternative points of view Formal/informal Nominalise Emphatic language Punctuation Rhetoric Questions Ethical language Connectives Statement of opinion Reasons Repetition A hook. Thesis Opening statement Identify argument/position Body Opinions supported with reasons Paragraphs organised around ideas Conclusion Summary and restatement of opening statement. Leave reader with clear picture of view point
Purpose and Audience • Why are you writing? • What is your purpose? • Who are you writing for? • Who is your reader or audience? • Can not achieve more than a 2 if not a persuasive piece.
Audience Category 3 Argument is clear and supported with some evidence. The distinction between cages and zoos is made clear through reasons presented.
Audience Category 4 Supports reader understanding with sufficient detail on subject matter. Begins to engage and persuade by attempting to establish relationship with a more adult reader through language choices ( only certain animals..., most zoos mimick..., reduce the risk of being hunted...)
Topics to engage • Making the topics personal and relevant to the students • something they have an attachment to • a little controversial and open to debate Practice responding to a stimulus: - T‐charts - concept maps
Your Topic Teachers should be given one day each week to plan.
How can I teach structure? The organisation of the structural components of a persuasive text - introduction clearly stated point of view - body arguments and elaborations to support position - conclusion is the position restated T Chart 5 paragraph organiser Hamburger organiser
Persuasive Devices Rhetoric questions Logos - logic Pathos - emotion Ethos - ethics Modality Conditional statements Hyperbole Emphasis Figurative language Nominalisation
Persuasive Devices – Category score 2 • 2 statements of personal opinion • 2 conditional if statements
What did you hear? • Josh uses a variety of techniques including • Narrative beginning (form of poetry) as a ‘hook’ • Bold statement demand change and order • Direct appeal to reader – you’ll be convinced... • Ethos – usage of facts although Jack the ripper fact is questionable • ...this obviously not true as it is a known fact... • Pathos – a minute of silence and may they rest in peace • Logic – first aid skills, facts • Hyperbole/exaggeration ...some extreme cases- shrinking testicles • Modality – should, will be, • Rule of three - ...all been brainwashed, kept in the shadow of the • truth, led to believe..... • Humour – for his teacher and our audience • Emphatic statements – forced to live in these constraints, ..now that I • have proven to you... • Recognition of opposing view i.e. parents will say...
Vocabulary • Discuss with students the type of words: • that persuade • power words that emphasise exceptional certainly ultimate definitely superb urge abundant absolutely www.snappywords.comhttp://www.wordle.net/
Transitional words and cohesion Transitional words and phrases (e.g. however , or , finally , before ) contribute to the unity (cohesiveness) of a text. Indeed, without these words or phrases, a text will most likely seem disorganised and will often be difficult to understand. Time then, now, first, second, next, before, after, today, tomorrow, at that point, subsequently, eventually Emphasising Obviously In fact Indeed Absolutely Unquestionably Without a doubt certainly Addition Besides Furthermore In addition Additionally Moreover Contrast & Comparison Besides Furthermore In addition Additionally Reason Because Due to the fact Since On account of
Literature, Magazines and TV commercials • Using visual media is a great way to grab the student’s attention to highlight: • audience • persuasive techniques • Media such as: • picture books • TV commercials • magazine commercials • YouTube clips
Resources • Websites • A range of PowerPoints ready to use in your classroom including The hook and Transition words can be found at: • http://jc-schools.net/writeaway/ • Writing fun by Jenny Eather • http://www.writingfun.com/ • Remote schools resources have a curriculum pack specifically for persuasive writing aimed at a variety of year levels found at: https://portal.ntschools.net/sites/LearningLinks/rscam/prim_years/py_cp7/default.aspx
Resources http://www.det.nt.gov.au/teachers-educators/assessment-reporting/nap/schools ACARA National Website http://naplan.edu.au DET NT Website