Jeopardy Round - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Jeopardy Round

  2. Trans- cribe and late. DNA, RNA, NBA Mix em genes Nothing here!! Twisted Sister. 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500

  3. Correct Twisted Sister….100 • Which of the following is true?(26) • Lipids are the building blocks of proteins • Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids • Lipids are the building blocks of polysaccharides • Fatty acids are the building blocks of amino acids 2. What is the correct amino acid sequence for this mRNA? UUA ACU GAC AGU UGG UCA UGA Incorrect

  4. Correct Twisted Sister ….200 • What is the amino acid sequence for the DNA strand below? (33) GAC – TGG – TCA 2. Which amino acid sequence is coded for by this RNA sequence? (34) UUUGCAAAG • Phen-ala-lys • Ser-cys-asp • Phe-ala-asp • Leu-glu-lys Incorrect

  5. Correct Twisted Sister ……300 • Which number represents transcription? (28) • What is the name of the molecules that carry the amino acids in the diagram? Incorrect

  6. Correct Twisted Sister ……..400 • All of the following RNA codons can code for the amino acid leucine except which one?(35) • UAA c) UUG • UUA d) CUU • 2. How does the mutation below affect the gene expression? • (31) UCAUCGUCGAAC UCCUCGUCGAAC • The amino acid sequence is unchanged • The mutation alters the gene only at one point • The mutation alters the entire gene • The mutation is too small to have an effect on the gene Incorrect

  7. Correct Twisted Sister …. 500 • Which is true for the process of transcription but not DNA replication? (4) • It does not use a polymerase enzyme • It occurs in the nucleus • Only one strand of DNA is used • DNA nucleotides are used as a template. • For the sequence below which mutation has the least effect on the gene? CCC-ACU-UGA (30) • CCC-AUU-UGA c) CCU-ACU-UGA • CUC-ACU-UGA d) CCC-AAU_UGA Incorrect

  8. Correct DNA, RNA, NBA …100 • Which molecule carries genetic information out of the nucleus of a cell • DNA C. tRNA • mRNA D. Protein • How are proteins made in the human body. A.DNA creates protein without RNA B. RNA creates DNA, and DNA creates proteins C. RNA creates protein without DNA D. DNA creates RNA, and RNA creates proteins. Incorrect

  9. Correct DNA, RNA, NBA …..200 • Where would transcription occur in the cell. (3) How are proteins made in the human body. A.DNA creates protein without RNA B. RNA creates DNA, and DNA creates proteins C. RNA creates protein without DNA D. DNA creates RNA, and RNA creates proteins. Incorrect

  10. Correct DNA, RNA, NBA …….300 • What is the monomer of DNA called(8) • A nucleic acid c) a nucleotide • A monosaccharide d) RNA 2. What two structural components are present in both DNA and RNA ? (13) • Adenine base and phosphate group • Uracil base and phosphate group • Uracil base and ribose sugar • Adenine base and deoxyribose sugar Incorrect

  11. Correct DNA, RNA, NBA …….400 • Which of the following is normally found in RNA but not DNA (15) • Nitrogen base Uracil c) 5-carbon pentose sugar • A double helix d) nucleotides. 2. An mRNA chain is 30 nucleotides long. How many amino acids does the protein contain? (14) a. 90 c. 15 b. 30 d. 10 Incorrect

  12. DNA, RNA, NBA …….500 • Which of the following is normally found in RNA but not in DNA (15) • The nitrogen base uracil c) A double helix • Five-carbon pentose sugar d) nucleotides 2. What is RNA? (16) a) a double strand of genetic information b) A single strand of nucleotides c) A large complex molecule used to complete a cell’s activities d) The building block of bacterial genes and proteins This lacks a nucleus and cytoplasm.

  13. Correct Trans- cribe and late 100 • Which anticodon joins this codon AUG? (9) • UAC c) AUG • TAC d) GUA • Which nitrogen base is only found in RNA ? • Guanine c) adenine • Uracil d) thymine Incorrect

  14. Correct Trans- cribe and late 200 • Which is a correct nucleotide pairing(17) • A-U c) A-G • A-C d) A-T 2. Which of the following CANNOT help you determine if a molecule is DNA or RNA. (19) a. The sugar present is ribose b. The molecule is single-stranded c. One of the bases is adenine d. One of the bases is uracil Incorrect

  15. Correct Trans-cribe and late 300 • After mRNA forms what is the next step in protein synthesis(10) • A strand of tRNA forms. • The mRNA travels to a cellular ribosome • A cellular ribosome begins attracting tRNA • Amino acids begin assembling on the mRNA strand 2. What are the 2 types of endoplasmic reticulum. a. rough and smooth c. lipids and proteins b. RNA and DNA d. Golgi and vesicles Incorrect

  16. Correct Trans- cribe and late 400 • Which of the following pairs is correctly matched? (5) • Nucleolus – protein delivery • Golgi apparatus – ATP synthesis • Vacuole – protein packaging • Robosome – protein synthesis 2. A DNA molecule has 10 a’s, 5 c’s, and 6 g’s. What would the mRNA have. (20) a) 10 u, 5 t, 6 c c) 10 u, 5 g, 6 a b) 10 t, 5 g, 6 c d) 10 u, 5 g, 6 c Incorrect

  17. Correct Trans- cribe and late 500 • How is one protein different from another. (12) • The numbers and sequences of the amino acids • The elements in each of the amino acids • The types of bonds that join the amino acids • The lengths of the fatty acid chains in the amino acids. 2. What is shown below? (11) a. transformation b. transcription c. Translation d. DNA replication Incorrect

  18. Correct Mix em Genes 100 • Where in the cell does translation occur? • Nucleus c) ribosomes • Vacuole d) plasma membrane 2. Where is DNA stored? • Nucleus c) ribosomes • Vacoule d) plasma membrane Incorrect

  19. Correct Mix em Genes 200 • Which of the following pairs is correctly matched? (5) • Nucleolus – protein delivery • Golgi apparatus – ATP synthesis • Vacuole – protein packaging • Robosome – protein synthesis 2. Where are ribosomes located in the cell? a. cytoplasm c. golgi apparatus b. DNA d. nucleus Incorrect

  20. Correct Mix em Genes 300 • Golgi apparatus can be BEST described as (7) • A factory for proteins • The post office for proteins • The architects of the human body • The military of the human body 2. What are the 2 types of endoplasmic reticulum. a. rough and smooth c. lipids and proteins b. RNA and DNA d. Golgi and vesicles Incorrect

  21. Correct Mix em Genes 400 • How can a bacteria so that it expresses a gene for antibiotic resistance?(23) • by inserting a plasmid with the gene into a bacteria • By injecting the antibiotic directly into the cell • Replicating bacterial DNA in a solution • By allowing bacterial ribosomes to produce proteins. 2. What do all proteins have in common? (25) a. all contain amino acids c. they are all simple b. All have the same shape d. have the same bases Incorrect

  22. Correct Mix em Genes 500 • How is human insulin made in a laboratory (21) • Insulin is collected from cells in a healthy human • Insulin is collected from the blood then concentrated • Insulin variants are collected from other species • Insulin is collected from bacterial cells that have human genes 2. Which are the 2 most common carriers of recombinant DNA in genetic engineering? (22) a. bacteria plasmids/mitochondria c. viruses and mitochondria b. bacterial plasmids and viruses d. nucleus and mitochondria Incorrect

  23. Correct What ever 100 Incorrect

  24. Correct What ever 200 Incorrect

  25. Correct What ever 300 Incorrect

  26. Correct What ever 400 Incorrect

  27. Correct What ever 500 • There are about 3,000 different proteins in the bacteria E.coli. How is it able to produce such a large variety of proteins? (27) • By making various combination of amino acids • By creating different types of bonds between amino acids • By continually multiplying the number of proteins • By twisting and folding various patterns of the polypeptide chain. Incorrect