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Oil and Gas Potential in Kenya. NOT AN OFFICIAL UNCTAD RECORD. 9 th Africa oil & Gas, Trade & Finance Conference & showcase Maputo. John Ego Senior Geologist National Oil Corporation of Kenya. KENYA AT A GLANCE. Social: Government type: Democratic Rep. Size: 582,646 sq. km

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Oil and Gas Potential in Kenya


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    1. Oil and Gas Potential in Kenya NOT AN OFFICIAL UNCTAD RECORD 9th Africa oil & Gas, Trade & Finance Conference & showcase Maputo John Ego Senior Geologist National Oil Corporation of Kenya National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    2. KENYA AT A GLANCE Social: Government type: Democratic Rep. Size: 582,646 sq. km Religion: Christian 78%, Muslim10% others 12% Capital City: Nairobi Main seaport: Mombasa National language: Kiswahili Official language: English Economic: Population: 31.5 million (2003) Currency: (KSh.) GDP per capita: US$. 322 Major GDP earners: Tourism, tea, horticulture, Coffee National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    3. KENYA SEDIMENTARY BASINS National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    4. OIL EXPLORATION HISTORY • 1950’S - Oil exploration commenced • 1960 to 1984 - 16 wells drilled mainly in the Lamu and Anza basins • 1981- NOCK was incorporated in 1981 • 1984 GOK enacted new Petroleum (Exploration and Production) Act. • 1986 Petroleum (E & P) Act revised. Royalties replaced by PSC’s • 1985 to 1992 - Further 14 wells drilled • 1995 - Lamu Basin Study completed. • 2001 - Tertiary Rift Study complete • 2000+ - Award of offshore PSC’s and reinvigorated exploration National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    5. CURRENTLY LEASED ACREAGE National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    6. EXPLORATION DRILLING Anza Basin – 10 Wells Tertiary Rift Basin –2 wells Mandera Basin – 2 wells Lamu Basin – 16 wells National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    7. KENYA GEOPHYSICAL DATABASE Pre-existing Data 2D Seismic Onshore : 39,298 km Offshore : 25,552 km Aeromag : >268,00 km Gravity : 12,313 km Recent Activity 2003/04 7,884km 2D Seismic 2004/05 3,600 2D Seismic National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    8. HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL Sedimentary Basins National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    9. Anza Basin Anza ANZA BASIN National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    10. HYDROCABON OCCURANCES IN ANZA BASIN • Lower Cretaceous Clastics flowed gas during DST (Ndovu-1 well) • Tarry oil associated with water in Sirius-1 well • Gas shows in Lower Cretaceous sands • Oil shows/flourecence/staining in aptian sands in Ndovu-1 well • Oil shows in: • paleogene in Hothori-1 well • Miocene to Cretaceous in Chalbi-3 well National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    11. Failed Rift system Permo-Triassic to Tertiary in age Sediment thickness ~ 10km Presence of hydrocarbons supported by > 200m thick sand impregnated with biodegraded asphalt Surface Geology of the Mandera Basin MANDERA BASIN National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    12. TERTIARY RIFT BASIN(s) • Consisting of at least 9 sub-basins • Oligocene to Pliocene in age • Sediment thickness up to 3 km • Potential reservoirs: up to 40% porosity in sands (Loperot-1 well) • Presence of hydrocarbons supported by oil recovered in Loperot-1 ~ 29o API National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    13. KERIO BASIN NE W LOKICHAR BASIN LOPEROT-1 V V V V V 0 LAVA FLOW LATE MIOCENE TO QUATERNARY LATE MIOCENE TO PLIOCENE ? 500 MIDDLE MIOCENE EARLY TO MIDDLE MIOCENE 1000 EARLY TO MIDDLE MIOCENE ? BASEMENT LOKONE FAULT 1500 LOKONE SHALES 2000 LOKICHAR FAULT 2500 PALEOGENE TO EARLY MIOCENE 3000 3500 4000 TVK-13 TVK-12 STRUCTURAL SETTING National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    14. LOPEROT-1 WELL GEOLOGICAL COLUMN • Drilled by Shell in 1992 • Encountered excellent Tertiary reservoirs • Found source rocks with up to 7% Total Organic Carbon • Tested oil ~ 29o API National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    15. LAMU BASIN • Lies both onshore & offshore. • Formed during the separation of Madagascar from Africa • Sediments range in age from Upper Carboniferous to Recent • Sediment thickness of up to 12 km • The Tertiary section contains highly prospective source and reservoir units National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    16. SIMBA-1 W E 8km Tertiary Cretaceous Jurassic Triassic REGIONAL STRUCTURAL SETTING National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    17. LAMU BASIN EXPLORATION POTENTIAL • Gas and oil shows • Multiple tectonic trends with large faulted 4-Way dip closures off shore • Oil potential includes multiple petroleum systems ranging from Tertiary to Triassic National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    18. EXPLORATION OPPORTUNITIES • Open Blocks • 1 - 33,636 sq km • 2 - 15,528 sq km • - 24,539 sq km • 9 - 27,776 sq km • 10A - 15,289 sq km • 10B - 25,512 sq km • 11 - 35,786 sq km • 12A - 18,788 sq km • 12B - 4,169 sq km • L-1 - 19,305 sq km • L-2 - 21,979 sq km • L-3 - 9,636 sq km • L-4 - 7,025 sq km • L-10 - Offshore Lamu • Relinquished Acreage National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    19. KENYA – FRONTIER INVESTMENT • Political stability with positive investment climate • Large frontier (Onshore/Offshore) acreage • Competitive commercial terms • Acceptable balance of risk/reward. • Previous exploration data readily available. • Low entry cost, no signature bonuses • Award focuses on work programme • Provides investor with growth opportunities National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    20. PSC Legal Regime • Dev. & Prod. Period -25 years • Acreage surrender -negotiable • Surface fees -negotiable, • Training fees -negotiable • Natural gas discovery -Negotiate terms with Government • Initial Exploration Period - with 2 automatic additional • Periods: - terms negotiable • In case of disc. - field evaluation programme allowed National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    21. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION or Visit: Kenya Booth Contact: Managing Director National Oil Corporation of Kenya. P.O. Box 58567 00200 Nairobi Telephone 254 20 6952000 E-mail mdnock@nockenya.co.ke National Oil Corporation of Kenya

    22. THE END THANK YOU National Oil Corporation of Kenya