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  1. Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? • Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family? Are they related to you? • HW: Create your family tree. Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  2. Traditional African Society = Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  3. 1000 different languages; 1000+ different tribes Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  4. An African’s “Search for Identity” 1. Nuclear Family 2. Extended Family 3. Age-Set 4. Clan 5. Lineage (ancestry) TRIBE (communal living) Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  5. Mask With Headcloth, Zaire (19c) Tribal Mark  scarification Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  6. Kisokolo Initiation Costume, Democratic Republic of the Congo Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  7. Kisokolo Initiates, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1990 Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  8. ? Tribe Africa : :: America : Ethnic Group Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  9. Traditional Family Structures C C Nuclear Family: C H W W C C U Cs GP C C Extended Family: C H W W C C GP Cs A Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  10. Woman & Child, Kongo Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  11. Family Group, Tanzania Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  12. Problems of Tribalism Today 1.The tribe is more important than the nation. 2.Communication problems. 3.Inter-tribal warfare  civil wars. 4.Tribal favorites for government jobs: Nepotism Breaks down tribal traditions. Urbanization: Tribal intermingling on the job. Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  13. Traditional African Religion ANIMISM 1.Belief in one remote Supreme Being. 2.A world of spirits (good & bad) in all things. 3.Ancestor veneration. 4.Belief in magic, charms, and fetishes. 5.Diviner  mediator between the tribe and God. Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  14. African Diviner (Shaman) Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  15. World of the Spirits Dogon “Spirit House” Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  16. Ancestors Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  17. Fetishes Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  18. Fetishes Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  19. Rubbing Oracle, wood Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  20. Other Religions in Africa ISLAM  25% * Nigeria largest sub-Saharan Muslim countries. CHRISTIANITY  20% Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  21. Common Traits or Characteristics of Traditional African Tribal Life • The good of the group comes ahead of the good of the individual. • All land is owned by the group. • Strong feeling of loyalty to the group. • Important ceremonies at different parts of a person’s life. • Special age and work associations. • Deep respect for ancestors. • Religion is an important part of everyday life. • Government is in the hands of the chiefs [kings]. Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  22. My Family Tree Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?

  23. Sample Trees Aim: How did tribalism organize ancient African society? Do Now: Who are the people in your immediate family?