Carbon Footprint Progress report 18 February 2010 IRENE COUNTRY LODGE Rudi Pretorius
Background • Director Information Management was tasked to calculate the carbon footprint of the department • The methodology for calculating the carbon footprint was presented and approved at a management meeting on 23 February 2009 • It was decided that a staff commuting survey should form part of the footprint calculations
Progress to date • Followed existing protocols or standards for the calculation of the footprint. • Developed templates and scripts in MS Excel. • Sourced activity information and calculated carbon emissions associated with these activities. • Conducted a staff commuting survey • All calculations completed end July 2009 • Draft report completed August 2009 • Draft report presented to top Management on 5 October 2009
Step-by-step process • Secure management support • Establish a team • Prepare a budget Assign resources PLAN • Define inventory boundaries • Determine sources of emissions • Factor in emissions from leased assets Design GHG inventory • Design efficient data management system • Select a base year • Obtain data – • Ensure data quality Collect data DEVELOP Calculate emissions • Apply/adapt calculation tools • Guard against calculation errors Improvement and iteration Set target • Identify emission reduction opportunities • Decide on target type • Decide on target level MANAGE Reduce emissions • Implement emission reduction activities Report results
GHG emissions for DEAT • Scope 1 – direct emissions • Emissions from GG vehicles, subsidised vehicles, ships (SA Agulhas, research vessels) etc. • Emissions during use of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. • Scope 2 – indirect emissions - electricity • Emissions from electricity consumption (Eskom). • Scope 3 – indirect emissions • Business travel by plane, car (rentals), shuttle service. • Employee commuting. • Other business travel (for example claims for use of own vehicle). • Fugitive emissions (leakage from air conditioning systems). • Other scope 3 emissions such as computers, paper consumption, waste etc.
The report has 3 goals 1 to provide a detailed analysis of the carbon footprint of the department to provide a detailed analysis of the carbon footprint of the department 2 to serve as a planning tool for reducing the department’s environmental impacts 3 to serve as a model for other government departments
Report outline • Chapter 1: Setting the scene • Chapter 2: Methodology • Chapter 3: Scope 1 emissions • Chapter 4: Scope 2 electricity emissions • Chapter 5: Scope 3 emissions • Chapter 6: Total emissions & comparison with JSE top 100 companies • Chapter 7: Emission reduction options & targets • Chapter 8: Offsetting & recommendations
Minister CD: Ministry Included in audit Deputy Minister Some sections/activities excluded Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism Unit Chief Financial Officer Office of the Chief Operating Officer Internal Audit Branch Corporate Affairs Branch Tourism Branch Environmental Quality and Protection Branch Marine and Coastal Management Branch Biodiversity and Conservation Unit Specialist Unit International Cooperation Approved 17 March 2008
Distances travelled by DEAT during 2008/09 • Shuttle service: 133,865 • 3 times around the earth • SMS: 172,028 km • 4 times around the earth • GG vehicles: 257,160 km • 6 times around the earth • Car rental: 507,787 km • 12 times around the earth • Subsidized vehicles: 801,506 km • 20 times around the earth • Staff commuting: 7.7 million km • 192 times around the earth • 20 times to the moon • Travel by plane: 15,9 million km • 396 times around the earth • 41 times to the moon More than 10,000 flights undertaken in 2008/09
Other consumption figures • Antarctic programme: 2.5 million liters of fuel • Electricity usage: 14,3 million kWh costing R 6.3 million • Paper usage: 8 million sheets of paper
Staff commuting 1,008.51 tons of CO2
61% - 20 km 91% - 50 km
SMS vehicles Km claimed: 172,028
Vessels (2009) Total = 17,908 tons of CO2
Emission reduction options • Travel less often • Switch to renewable energy • Introduce hybrid vehicles • Use less paper • Develop & implement a green procurement plan • Keep better records
Emission Targets • In setting a reduction target for the department, consideration should be given to what is practically achievable, considering also the emissions profile of the department. • While emissions from electricity consumption are the biggest contributor to the department’s carbon footprint, emissions from business travel by plane is clearly significant and presents opportunities for emission reduction. • Likewise, reduction targets set for emissions from subsidized vehicles, and emissions from GG vehicles, are more likely to succeed and will have a bigger impact in the short to medium term than reduction targets for emissions from computers or paper. • Setting and achieving reduction targets for emissions associated with staff commuting may be difficult. • Some emissions sources are interrelated. For example, domestic business travel by plane in most cases will require the use of rental vehicles. Setting reductions targets for plane travel will have the knock-on effect of reducing business travel using rented vehicles.
Realistic target for GG vehicles • Replacing the existing fleet of GG vehicles with smaller, more fuel efficient vehicles can result in a reduction of carbon emissions. The question is however: what is realistically achievable? • Current total emissions from GG vehicles are 48.07 tons. Replacing the current fleet of medium size petrol driven vehicles with smaller, diesel powered vehicles will reduce emissions by 14% to 41.14 tons of CO2. • Replacing the existing vehicles with a hybrid-type vehicle such as the Toyota Prius or the soon to be released Honda Civic hybrid, effectively changing from a category F to a category B Green Label vehicle, can reduce emissions by 44% to 26.74 tons of CO2 . Green label Emissions g/km A realistic reduction target for GG vehicles is 10-15% by 2015
Realistic target for flights • Business travel by plane is responsible for more than 80% of all business travel related emissions. • Flights are split 53% long distance (typically international flights), 42% medium distance and 5% short distance flights. • In total, some 10,038 flights were undertaken in 2008/09. • There may be considerable opportunities for reducing emissions by: • Travelling less often • Attending only those international meetings that are absolutely necessary • Reducing the size of delegations • Using video or tele-conferencing instead of flying to business meetings Flight emissions can be reduced by 20% by 2015 = 369.32 tons
Proposed emission reduction targets • General targets: • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 10% by 2015 – (2,458 tons of CO2) • Reduce emissions by 10% per capita by 2015
Targets continued… • Targets linked to scopes: • Electricity – high: 15% of electricity from renewable resources by 2020(represents a reduction of 2 million kWh and 2,050 tons of CO2– equivalent to power generated by two of the turbines at the Darling Wind Farm) • Electricity – low: Respond to ESKOM’s national target of 10% reduction in energy consumption (represents 1,364 tons of CO2)
Offsets • Offsetting carbon emissions from flights will cost R 276,990 per annum • To offset all emissions will cost about R 3 million per annum
Recommendations It is recommended that the department should: • Now: • Participate in the Carbon Disclosure Programme. • Later: • Decide on a realistic emission reduction target or targets. This may only be possible after the second inventory and report has been completed. • Put policies and procedures in place to commit to the set target or targets. • Monitor and report on the attainment of the reduction target or targets. • Only use offsets as a last resort. • If offsets are to be purchased, give preference to renewable energy and energy efficiency projects that are verified under the United Nation’s clean development mechanism. Preference should be given to projects in South Africa.