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Government of Jammu and Kashmir Directorate of Agriculture Kashmir. NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR RABI CAMPAIGN 2008 HELD AT NEW DELHI FROM 24 TH & 25 TH SEPTEMBER, 2008. Agriculture Statistics of Kashmir Division. Details of Panchayat / Blocks in Kashmir Division .

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government of jammu and kashmir directorate of agriculture kashmir

Government of Jammu and KashmirDirectorate of AgricultureKashmir






agro climatic zones j k state
Agro-Climatic Zones , J & K State

National Rabi Conference 2008

achievements in crop production 2007 08 targets for 2008 09
Achievements in Crop Production, 2007-08 & Targets for 2008-09

National Rabi Conference 2008


Production Scenario in Kashmir Division 2007-08 Production / Requirement = Lac Tonnes

National Rabi Conference 2008

export of off season vegetables
Export of Off-Season Vegetables

National Rabi Conference 2008

export of off season vegetables8
Export of Off-Season Vegetables

VISION : to achieve a surplus of 3.0 Lac Tonnes by end of the 11th FYP.

assessment kharif 2008
Assessment, Kharif 2008
  • The precipitation during the months from October 2007 to March 2008 in terms of snow and rains remained satisfactory.
  • The On-season rainfall in all the districts of the Kashmir Valley was more or less invariably frequent and timely.
  • The Area coverage targets were achieved in full.
  • The Crop situation has remained by and large satisfactory during most part of Kharif 2008.
  • The incidence of Blast disease of paddy was reported from some pockets of Kupwara, Anantnag and Srinagar Districts in the month of August.
  • The emergent spraying of the crop in the affected areas was undertaken departmentally.
  • The disease spread to healthy adjacent fields was prevented by timely spraying with recommended pesticides.

National Rabi Conference 2008

seed distribution kharif 2008
Seed Distribution (Kharif 2008)

National Rabi Conference 2008

seed village programme on paddy during kharif 2008
Seed Village Programme on Paddy during Kharif 2008

Likely production of 48,000 Qtls of Certified seed for procurement of 50 % seed produced to achieve 33 % SRR.


Development and Strengthening of infrastructural facilities for production and distribution of paddy seeds-Implementation of Centrally Sponsored Seed Village Scheme during Kharif, 2008 (QTLS)

rabi 2008 09 prospects
Rabi 2008-09 : Prospects
  • Kashmir Division has double cropped (Rabi) area of nearly 1.4 Lac Hectares.
  • The major crop paddy is nearing harvest in all the districts.
  • 100% targeted area coverage under different Rabi crops is likely to be achieved.

National Rabi Conference 2008

arrangements of seeds for rabi 2008 09
Arrangements of Seeds for Rabi -2008-09

National Rabi Conference 2008

seed treatment
Seed Treatment
  • 1500 Qtls of Mancozeb have been utilized for the seed treatment of 5000 Qtls of paddy seed.
  • The Department launched massive campaigns through awareness camps, print & Electronic media, distribution of brochures, etc for the mandatory nature of the seed treatment for the own preserved seed of the contemporary paddy varieties, particularly K-448 which is highly susceptible to the Blast disease.
  • The Extension Agency, besides organizing awareness camps launched door to door campaign for educating the farmers while the Farmers training and Education Centre(FTEAC) Ganderbal also organized Training Camps for hammering the point hame.
national food security mission rkvy
National Food Security Mission & RKVY

Mission upto 2011-12

The National Development Council (NDC) in its 53rd Meeting held on 29th May, 2007 adopted a resolution to launch a Food Security Mission comprising Rice, Wheat and Pulses to increase the production by the end of the 11th FYP by :

  • Rice 10 Million Tonnes
  • Wheat 08 Million Tonnes
  • Pulses 02 Million Tonnes


  • Increase in production through area expansion and productivity enhancements in a sustainable manner.
  • Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level.
  • Creation of Employment opportunities
  • Enhancing farm level economy i.e. . Farm profits to restore confidence amongst the farmers

The RKVY and the NFSM have not yet been implemented in the State.

National Rabi Conference 2008

bottle necks in achieving desired levels of production in kashmir division
Bottle Necks in achieving Desired levels of Production in Kashmir Division
  • Low Seed Replacement Rate of High Yielding Varieties.
  • Limitation in area expansion on account of geographical conditions / difficult terrain.
  • In spite of increase in the productivity of Food crops, their production does not increase to the desired level due to shift in farming from food crops to cash crops.
  • Shrinkage of productive area through rapid and rampant urbanization.

National Rabi Conference 2008


Inability to adopt paddy-wheat rotation due to non availability of suitable varieties.

  • Low consumption of chemical fertilizers as against recommended doses.
  • Improper crop management , particularly in respect of INM, IPM and Water Management.
  • Non-availability of Hybrid varieties of Food crops suitable for Kashmir conditions.
  • Inadequacy in the availability of location specific, disease resistant High Yielding Varieties.
  • Inadequate infrastructure development at the departmental Farms for the production of adequate quantities of HYV seeds and Disaster Management.

National Rabi Conference 2008


Poor response of the farming community in appreciating the significance of application of Soil Amendments and micro-nutrients for quality and higher productivity per unit area.

  • Prolonged dry spells affecting prospects of Rain-Fed Maize and crops.
  • Low productivity of Rain-Fed crops.
  • The impact of the increase in the productivity in the irrigated belts is not felt due to the low productivity in the Rain-Fed Belt, which constitutes more than 35 % of the net cultivable area.
  • The role of Bio-Fertilizers in supplementing plant nutrition and increasing the productivity of crops is still in infancy in Kashmir Division.

National Rabi Conference 2008

bottle necks in seed production public sector

Bottle Necks in Seed Production (Public Sector)

  • Inadequacy of Infrastructure Development at the Seed Multiplication Farms.
  • Need for Land Development Programme to bring the entire farm land under the Seed Multiplication programme.
  • Lack of Irrigation facilities at the major farms.
  • The biggest S. M. Farms of the Department located at Padgampora in district Pulwama lacks drainage facilities and the precious seed crops get submerged under water if heavy rain-fall persists for three to four days.
  • Lack of modern seed processing plant facilities for the processing of huge quantities of seeds for timely distribution.
  • Non-availability of disease resistant/ drought resistant High Yielding Varieties of Cereals.
  • Non-availability of Hybrid Rice Varieties suited for Kashmir conditions.
measures proposed to be taken to remove bottle necks

Measures proposed to be taken to remove Bottle Necks

  • Need for fencing and land development works at the S. M. Farms.
  • Need for creating irrigation facilities and other infrastructure development in the farms.
  • Need for creation of better storage facilities at the Farms.
  • SKUAST-K must evolve and release High Yielding / Hybrid Varieties of major crops and it should become a regular feature with the institution.
  • Rake facilities need to be created in all the districts for timely and even distribution of fertilizers.
  • The Manufacturing Companies must establish primary stock points in all the districts.
national horticulture mission

National Rabi Conference 2008

technology mission mini mission mode i iv
Technology MissionMini Mission Mode (I-IV)

Schemes Implemented by The Department of Agriculture

export of off season vegetables30
Export of Off-Season Vegetables

VISION : to achieve a surplus of 3.0 Lac Tonnes by end of the 11th FYP.

vision 2010 vegetable development
VISION 2010( Vegetable Development)
  • Area Expansion under vegetables Development Programme .
  • To Significantly increase the Production & Productivity of Vegetables in Kashmir Division.
  • Increase Cropping Intensity for higher returns per unit area.
  • Increase the Export of Off-Season Vegetables to exploit the short arrivals situation in the markets outside the State.
  • To facilitate marketing of the produce.
  • Promote Value Addition.
major physical targets 2009 10
Major Physical Targets 2009-10
  • Increase net area under Vegetable Development to 21000 hectares from 19390 hectares during 2008-09.
  • To increase the gross cultivated area to 33000 hectares from 30250 hectares during 2008-09.
  • Increase Vegetable Production to 8.90 lac M. Tonnes compared to the targeted production of 7.70 lac M. Tonnes during the current year.
  • To increase the export of Off-season vegetables from the targeted 1.50 Lac M. Tonnes during the current financial year to 2.00 Lac MT during the year 2009-10.
  • To facilitate round the year vegetable production and overcome the Off-Season production barrier for crop production through promotion of Protected Cultivation.

To facilitate the marketing of vegetable produce locally by way of establishment of vegetable markets and Satellite Mundies throughout Kashmir Division.

  • To help the Farmers Cooperatives / Self Help Groups to obtain Vehicles / Regenerated Vans for the transport of their produce to the adjacent markets and markets outside the State, respectively.
  • Help the growers to explore markets ONLINE for the export of vegetables outside the State.
  • Establish Micro processing units for value addition of the seasonal surplus and encourage Contract Farming with existing unit holders to promote forward and backward linkage.
road map
Road Map
  • Area Expansion: Diversification of area under conventional crops towards cash crop production.
  • Increase in Production : By area expansion , increase in cropping intensity and productivity.
  • Increase in productivity : Use of Hybrid seeds/ Improved HYV seeds, Use of Organic Manures &Bio-fertilizers, Judicious use of Chemical fertilizers, On-Farm Water Management, micro irrigation, timely Plant Protection, Better/Improved Management Practices.
  • Protected Cultivation : Popularize low cost poly Green House Technology for year round vegetable production.

Marketing :

  • -Invite the attention of the concerned agency for the creation of market outlets in cluster areas ignored so far.
  • -Facilitate Load Carriers and/or refrigerated Vans for export of vegetables to markets outside the State to Cooperatives, SHG’s and progressive individual farmers as per their need, for which purpose assistance is being provided by the National Horticulture Board.
  • Provide Internet facility to the Grower’s Cooperatives, SHG’s for online access to markets in the country.
physical achievements vegetable development programme
Physical Achievements Vegetable Development Programme
  • Area expansion of nearly 1532 Hectares achieved by the end of August, 2008 while the targeted figure by the end of the current financial year is 2496 hectares.
  • 2276 Irrigation Diesel Engine Sets have been distributed among the vegetable growers upto 2007-08.
  • 82 Vermi-Compost units have been established.

Organic farming was effected on 248 Hectares upto 2007-08 and 100 ha Expansion is targeted for the current year in Kashmir Division.

  • 12 No’s of Community water Tanks have been constructed in Kashmir Region.
  • 40 low cost Poly-Green houses have been set up in the Public and Private Sector.

331 farmers have been trained upto 2007-08 within the State and 115 farmers taken on exposure visits outside the State.

  • 47 Power Tillers have been distributed upto 2007-08.

Capsicum- (Bell Pepper)

Variety (Yellow Beauty)

commercial floriculture
Commercial Floriculture
  • Total Area under cultivation = 168 ha (approx)
  • Farm Families Directly Involved = 250
  • Average farm holding Size = 0.5 ha.
  • Average farm income /cropping season = Rs.5000-10000/Kanal
  • Departments providing technical support

Agriculture FloricultureSKUAST-K

floral materials produced on commercial lines in kashmir division p ublic private sector
Floral Materials produced on Commercial lines in Kashmir Division (Public & Private Sector)
physical achievements floriculture development
Physical Achievements Floriculture Development
  • Model Floriculture Centre has been established over an area of 8.5 Hectares at Nuner Ganderbal Srinagar.
  • 5000 Kg of Planting material has been imported from Netherlands for plantation at the MFC during 2006-07.
  • Infrastructural facilities for irrigation, Protected cultivation and management of the Farm have been created.

7 small nurseries have been establish for the multiplication of the planting material.

  • 25 low cost Poly-Green houses have been established in the Private Sector in Srinagar District & 25 are in the final stage of establishment in Budgam, Anantnag & Srinagar.
  • 150 un-Employed Educated youth have been registered for agri-entrepreneurship and provided technological assistance for commercial floricultureactivity.

Technology for Flower Bulb Propagation was introduced by the department. At present an area of 20 hectares has been covered under the Flower Bulb propagation in the Valley which is generating waged employment of about 60,000 mandays.



Flower cultivation under control conditions

3 apiculture development
3.Apiculture Development

* Nearly 26,000 Bee Colonies were annihilated by the parasitic mite Varroa, Which assumed epidemic proportions.

  • The cost of Bee-Hives is a major limiting factor in achieving desired annual increase in the number of colonies in modern Bee-Hives.
  • Bee-Colonies are also being sold at exorbitant prices by the Bee-Keepers.
vision 2009 10
Vision 2009-10
  • The focus towards the revival of the Apiculture Industry shall continue to be the major thrust area.
  • Entrepreneurship development training in Bee-keeping shall be imparted to 300 new Bee-Keepers in Kashmir Valley.
  • The transfer of technology on scientific Bee-keeping and protection of colonies.
  • The availability of medicants for the protection of Bee-Colonies shall be ensured with the Pesticide dealers in Pvt. Sector against devastating diseases like Varroa and availability made mandatory in all the districts.
  • Under the Technology Mission (MM-II), there is no provision for assistance for the establishment of new units in private sector or the revival of sick units.
  • The department is constrained not to accommodate farmers interested in mushroom production due to non-availability of incentives.
global scenario
Global Scenario

Source: Acta Horticulture No. 650 (May 2004)

Note: Figures in parentheses denote percentage of the total value

scenario in j k state
Scenario in J & K State

Note: Figures in parentheses denote %age of the total value

Source: Departments of Agriculture, Jammu and Kashmir Divisions

export of saffron outside the country
Export of Saffron Outside the Country

Source: Director General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics, GOI, Kolkatta


limitation in achieving higher productivity levels
Limitation in Achieving Higher productivity Levels
  • Monoculture of the same germplasm for hundreds of years and inability to induce genetic manipulations for higher productivity.
  • Poor cultural practices followed by the Saffron growers.
  • Reluctance of the Saffron growers for investment in improving their own infrastructure facilities.
  • Unprecedented drought like conditions from 1999 to 2002-03 and frequent failure of rainfall during critical stages of crop growth ever since.
  • Saffron requires rains/irrigation at two critical stages i.e. pre-flowering for higher production and post harvest for optimum corm multiplication and development. However, frequent light irrigation throughout the season is recommended by experts for higher productivity.
  • Incidences of corm rot disease / syndrome.
incentives to saffron growers 2008 09
Incentives to Saffron Growers (2008-09)
  • 35 numbers of Shallow Bore Wells at cost involvement of Rs.4.40 lacs have been installed in the saffron belt of Budgam District.
  • 2 numbers of Vermi Compost units have also been established.
  • 7 numbers of Power Tillers at an incentive of Rs.45000/- per unit have been distributed among the beneficiaries in Pulwama District.
  • 400 Progressive farmers have been imparted training on scientific saffron cultivation, drying, quality control, grading, packing and marketing etc.
achievements mmm 2008
Achievements MMM, 2008
  • 300 Diesel operated Engines(I.P. Sets) have been distributed among the farmers in all the Districts of Kashmir Division.
  • Seed Village Programme of Paddy was implemented on Hectares
  • Anti-Blast Campaign was launched in the affected pockets of Anantnag, Kupwara and Srinagar Districts.

National Rabi Conference 2008

strategies to strengthen extension network through extended network of atma s

Strategies to Strengthen Extension Network through extended Network of ATMA’s

The interaction of farmers with the extension agency through the established BTT’s and FAC’s will be more purposeful and result oriented.

The possible precise response to the famers problems and concerns received as feedback shall be better received by the farmers.

Involvement of Agriculture and allied sectors at the block level under one umbrella will help in effecting zonalization and over coming over lapping at the same time.

Exposure visits of extension functionaries shall lead to knowledge up-gradation and effective transfer of technology.

Third party monitoring and evaluation shall ensure promptness in discharge of duties and accountability of all concerned.

fertilizer targets off take
Fertilizer Targets/Off-take

National Rabi Conference 2008

fertilizer availability
Fertilizer Availability
  • The Fertilizer availability in Kashmir Division has been by and large satisfactory during Kharif 2008 keeping in view, the overall crises in fertilizer availability and distribution throughout the country.

National Rabi Conference 2008

promoting integrated nutrient management
Promoting Integrated Nutrient Management

National Rabi Conference 2008

up gradation proposed

Up-gradation Proposed


Infrastructure : Funding for the Provision of equipment/ Cathodes for AAS, Purified water System, facilities for Bio-fertilizer analysis and Provision of Pollution Control Devices.

Establishment: Creation of two posts of Research Assistants having specialization in Micro-biology/ Plant Pathology and associated staff like Lab Assistants.

Deputation of Research Assistant to various National Fertilizers Analysis Institutions for knowledge up-gradation.

In light of present status and proposed up-gradation of the Quality Control Laboratories , the working space in the labs is in-sufficient and it is therefore proposed that the construction of a separate quality control complex in the Agriculture Complex, Lalmandi, Srinagar be approved for efficient and timely analysis of samples.

fertilizer availability120
Fertilizer Availability
  • The Fertilizer availability in Kashmir Division has been by and large satisfactory during Kharif 2008 keeping in view, the overall crises in fertilizer availability and distribution throughout the country.

National Rabi Conference 2008

fertilizer targets off take121
Fertilizer Targets/Off-take

National Rabi Conference 2008

best practices adopted
Best Practices Adopted
  • Introduction of Hybrid Varieties of Food Crops and high yielding Varieties of Oilseeds.
  • Increasing the SRR of High Yielding Varieties to 25 per cent from the 10 per cent envisaged for Kharif 2008.
  • Make quality inputs available to the farmers well in time.
  • Gear up the Extension Agency for effective programme implementation.
  • Intensify the inter-action with the farming community and earn their faith, mandatory for the adoption of new Technologies & related guidance by them.

National Rabi Conference 2008


Improve the conditions of the Seed Multiplication Farms for the optimum utilization the entire available cultivable farm land for seed multiplication.

  • Improve work culture in the Department for ensuring its more effective role in improving Rural economy.
  • Introduce paddy-wheat rotation as and when the suitable varieties for the purpose are released by the SKUAST-K.
  • Promote Organic Farming in a big way to take benefit of the availability of market for the organic agriculture produce in the big cities.
  • Improving the infrastructure in the Soil Testing Labs and make them functional in all the districts to promote Soil health by way of Balanced Fertilizer application.
  • Conduct demonstration programmes, awareness camps, workshops, Seminars, conferences & farmers exposure visits for effective Transfer of Technology.

National Rabi Conference 2008


Promote the use of Bio-Fertilizers, Organic manures and timely plant protection for inculcating the need for INM and IPM in the farming community.

  • Ensure regular participation of the field functionaries in the workshops, seminars, training camps and other HRD programmes being organized by the SKUAST-K for the purpose of their knowledge upgradation.
  • Deputation of Officers to the reputed Research Institutions of the country for improving their skills and knowledge in their respective fields of specialization.
  • To help reduce the cost of cultivation of crops for higher returns to the farmers.
  • Promote agri-preneurship among the educated unemployed youth through their involvement in commercial farm production and agro-Based industries.

National Rabi Conference 2008

major concerns of the department
Major Concerns of the Department

1. Paddy is the staple crop of Kashmir Valley and only one HYV variety (K-448) available for the plain Paddy belt of Kashmir Province is highly susceptible to Paddy blast.

  • It is proposed that the 50% subsidy should be made available to the State for the spraying of the standing crop with recommended Pesticides.

2. The Oilseed and Pulse Development Programmes in the State are not covered under any Centrally Sponsored Scheme with the result, the department is facing great difficulty in the promotion of these two important development programmes.

  • There is exigency for the inclusion of the Oilseed Development Programme under ISOPOM and that of Pulse Development under the RKVY in the J&K State as well.

3.Kashmir Division has varied agro-climatic conditions/agriculture zones and location specific crop varieties are required to be multiplied in the Departmental Seed Farms in each of the Zones for achieving desired levels of seed replacement.

  • Therefore, it is proposed that sufficient funds be made available to the department for undertaking infrastructure development programmes in such Farms to make their optimum use for the location specific seed multiplication programme.