SWINE FLUprevention Dr.T.V.Rao MD
What is Swine influenza • Swine influenza (also called H1N1 flu, swine flu, hog flu, and pig flu) is an infection by any one of several types of swine influenza virus. Swine influenza virus (SIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs
Swine flu – A acute respiratory infection • Swine flu is an infection caused by a virus. It's named for a virus that pigs can get. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human. Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue.
Swine flu spreads through Respiratory route • The main way that influenza viruses are thought to spread is from person to person in respiratory droplets of coughs and sneezes.
Swine flu can begin with • Fever with Sudden symptoms of • Aches • Chills • Tiredness
May Preset with more severe symptoms • Fever (usually high) • Headache • Muscle aches • Chills • Extreme tiredness • Dry cough • Runny nose may also occur but is more common in children than adults • Stomach symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, may also occur but are more common in children than adults • Donot self Diagnose Visit a Health Centre
Yet no Vaccine available for Swine flu • There are antiviral medicines you can take to prevent or treat swine flu. There is no vaccine available right now to protect against swine flu. You can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza
CDC on Swine Flu • Flu is a serious contagious disease. Each year in the United States, on average, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized and 36,000 people die from seasonal flu complication
Prevention is the Best option • Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use
Hand washing a Top priority • Washing your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners.
Touching face regions can faster the Spread • Avoiding touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Virus can spread this way in a faster way
Keep safe distance from patients • Trying to avoid close contact with sick people.
If you have flu like symptoms • If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.) Keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick. • While sick, limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.
Using N95 mask reduces the Risk • You can cut your risk of contracting the flu or other respiratory viruses by as much as 80 percent by wearing a mask over your nose and mouth, according to a new study. Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) .
Disposing the Trash from patients • Throw away tissues and other disposable items used by the sick person in the trash. • Wash your hands after touching used tissues and similar waste
Keep household surfaces Clean and Hygienic • Keep surfaces (especially bedside tables, surfaces in the bathroom, and toys for children) clean by wiping them down with a household disinfectant according to directions on the product label.
Care for common matters used by Swine flu patients • Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be shared without washing thoroughly first.
Washing linens • Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) by using household laundry soap and tumble dry on a hot setting. Avoid “hugging” laundry prior to washing it to prevent contaminating yourself.
Eating utensils need cleaning • Eating utensils should be washed either in a dishwasher or by hand with water and soap.
Anti viral drugs • If you get seasonal or novel H1N1 flu, antiviral drugs can treat the flu. • Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaled powder) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. • Antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications.
Anti Viral Drugs should be prescribed, Not a self Medication • Antiviral drugs are not sold over-the-counter and are different from antibiotics. • Antiviral drugs may be especially important for people who are very sick (hospitalized) or people who are sick with the flu and who are at increased risk of serious flu complications, such as pregnant women, young children and those with chronic health condition • For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started within the first 2 days of symptoms
No reason to panic –effective drugs are available • The two antiviral drugs approved by the FDA for treatment and prophylaxis of the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus are Tami flu (oseltamivir phosphate) and Relenza (zanamivir). However, health experts caution against using them routinely for several reasons: the emergence of resistant strains when used in mild flu infections, its ineffectiveness when given more than 48 hours after the onset of flu, the presence of side-effects .
Swine flu A great concern in India with > 1 billion population • The WHO has raised the Influenza Pandemic Alert to the highest level which is 6. Already India has seen over 40 confirmed cases of Swine Flu and the threat of a full blown epidemic in India is very real. The best we citizens can do is keep ourselves informed about the happenings and the steps we can take to prevent the spread of the flu.
Created for Public Awareness on Swine Flu Dr.T.V.Rao MD Email firstname.lastname@example.org