Sterilization and safety in the operation theaters is a minimal requirement to prevent surgical related infections
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Book of Leviticus
Chapter 11 – 15
Code of Hygiene
Boiling water to armies. Advises the Alexander.
Recommends hygiene for healthy living
The Very First Requirement in
Hospitals that should do the sick no harm
( Notes on Nursing 1860 )
Floors, Inanimate objects,
If the resources are not spend with scientific understanding the limited resources are lost in particular developing countreis.
Dust, organic matter,
Reduces number of microbes
Number of persons present in the
Theatre / Movements they make, has direct relation to increase of bacterial counts
On many occasion S.aureus. Isolated as a prominent pathogen
and Wet cleaning techniques
Keep the mops dry when not in use.
Sodium hypochlorite Contaminated with
Blood and body
Bleaching powder Toilets, bathrooms
used in cleaning Metal surfaces and Trolleys
However expensive for hospitals in developing countreis
Time X Temp
Most easier way to mix the needed quantity of Formalin to water and heating at lower temperatures at 800c – 900c
Can done also with addition of Formalin to potassium permanganate
1 Monitoring of Hospital associated infections.
2 Training of Health care workers.
3 Investigations of outbreaks.
4 Any technical lapses.
5 Monitoring of staff health
6 Education on Universal Precautions
7 Advise on isolation of Infectious patients.
8 Waste disposal
9 Safe use of Antibiotics / Antibiotic policy.
Number of persons present.
Disturbances of clothing.
Settle plates method
Record position – Time - Duration
Plates with media as Blood agar exposed for specified period and incubated in the
incubator for 24 hours at 37º c
Yet the best Antiseptic
1 Alcohol with Chlorhexidine.
2.Alchool without Chlorhexidine.
3 Chlorhexidine 2 %
4 Chlorhexidine 4 %
5 Povidone with Iodine 7.5 %
6 Triclosan 1 %
Or Anything NEW