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nursing informatics

Nursing Informatics

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

information technology
Information technology
  • Any technology which processes and communicates data, includes:
    • computers, voice, data and image sensing and communications devices, graphics devices, multi-media storage, etc.
    • pen, paper, telephones and fax machines

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

health medical informatics
Health (Medical) Informatics

Simplistic definition:

  • Medical informatics is the application of computers, communications and information technology and systems to all fields of medicine - medical care, medical education and medical research. MF Collen, MEDINFO '80, Tokyo

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

definitions
Definitions
  • 1989—Graves and Corcoran defined Nursing Informatics as
    • “Computer science, information science, and nursing science combined to assist in the management and processing of nursing data, information and knowledge to support the practice of nursing and the delivery of nursing care.”

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

current trends
Current Trends
  • 1996—Turley defined Nursing Informatics as the intersection point with Nursing Science, Computer Science and Information Science.
  • 1995—Graves et al, began to incorporate knowledge as a product of the sciences into the definition.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nursing informatics defined
Nursing Informatics Defined
  • Nursing informatics is the integration of nursing, its information, and information management with information processing and communication technology, to support the health of people world wide.
  • International Medical Informatics Association – Nursing Informatics Special Interest Group (IMIA-NI),adopted August 1998, Seoul, Korea

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

new definition ana
New Definition - ANA
  • “Nursing Informatics is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate date, information, and knowledge in nursing practice. ANA (2001). 17

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

how it all began
How it all began….
  • Late 1960’s first computer systems were implemented in hospitals
  • Computer nurses began to appear in hospitals
    • Excellent clinicians
    • Technically curious and willing to try new things

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nursing informatics12
Nursing Informatics:
  • Nursing informatics can be applied to model the human processing of data, information, and knowledge within a computer system in order to automate the processing of nursing data to information and the transformation of nursing information to nursing knowledge.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

informatics nurse s pecialist
Informatics Nurse Specialist

1. Improving patient safety, particularly in drug delivery and clinical records are correct.2. Improve workflow, with a display of information and processes that appear in the order in accordance with the activities of nurses.3. Improving the implementation of the new system, involving nursing staff in the design it.4. Improve the effectiveness of the system.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

who should become a nurse informaticist
Who Should Become a Nurse Informaticist?
  • You do not have to be a computer expert to consider a career as a nurse informaticist. Everyone must start somewhere. If you see the computer as a problem-solving tool instead of an inconvenience, then you are a prime candidate to be a nurse informaticist (Bridges, 2007).

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nurse informaticist works with www support
Nurse Informaticist? Works with WWW support
  • In education, the nurse informaticist works with online, hybrid, and web supported courses. This may include putting courses up on the internet and assisting faculty with determining what should go on the web support sites.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

need for nursing informatics
Need for Nursing Informatics:
  • "In the current Information Age, the doubling of knowledge every five years ? and the increased specialization of knowledge make it imperative that nurses have access to the latest scientific information to assist in the delivery of high quality care," (Hudgings, 1992,).

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nursing informatics17
Nursing Informatics:
  • Information systems used in health care include the people, structures, processes, and manual as well as automated tools that collect, store, interpret, transform, and report practice and management information.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the benefits of nursing informatics
The Benefits of NursingInformatics
  • In the practice of professional nursing
  • In the delivery of patient care in the healthcare continuum

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nursing process
Nursing Process
  • Communicate & coordinates care with ALL other clinical disciplines
  • – Coordinate discharge planning, education & teaching, transition of care
  • – Manages ALL information related to the nursing process and patient

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

automation of documentation
Automation of Documentation
  • Why automate documentation – not only for nursing but for all of patient care?
  • Up-to-date, accurate information of each step of the Nursing Process is the Power behind safe, high quality patient-centered care!

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

what does a nurse informaticist do
What Does a Nurse Informaticist Do?
  • Nurse informaticists, also known as nurse informatics specialists, are specially trained to help manage, interpret and communicate the vital medical data and information that flows into and out of doctor's offices, hospitals, clinics and other health care facility computer systems. Nurse informaticists are skilled in three primary areas: computer science, information technology and nursing science

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

what does a nurse informaticist do23
What Does a Nurse Informaticist Do?
  • They may also make recommendations as to how to improve the processes and uses of computer programs in order to improve patient outcomes. For this reason, many nurse informaticists work as consultants.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

what does a nurse informaticists do
What Does a Nurse Informaticists Do?
  • Other nurse informaticists work in an administrative capacity, and contribute to decision-making on medical information technology. Some nurse informaticists educate nurses on how to effectively enter medical information into a computer system, as well as train nurses how to use new technology.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

information database management
Information/Database Management
  • Understand database architecture—how data is stored and accessed
  • Nursing structure
    • Nomenclature/vocabulary
    • Taxonomies and Coding Schemes
      • ICD-P, CPT
    • Nursing Minimum Data Sets
      • NIC,NOC, NANDA,

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

computer technology
Computer Technology
  • Understanding of the actual technology Networks
    • Personal computers
    • Portable devices
    • Operating systems
    • Software

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

exam focus areas
Exam Focus Areas
  • System Analysis and Design
  • System Implementation and Support
  • System Testing and Evaluation
  • Human Factors
  • Computer Technology
  • Information/Database Management
  • Professional Practice/Trends and Issues
  • Theories

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

automation of documentation28
Automation of Documentation
  • Why automate documentation – not only for nursing but for all of patient care?
  • Up-to-date, accurate information of each step of the Nursing Process is the Power behind safe, high quality patient-centered care

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the value of nurse informaticists
The Value of Nurse Informaticists
  • Support nursing work processes using
  • technology
  • – Design systems to match clinical workflows
  • Telehealth
  • Home health
  • Ambulatory care
  • Long-term care
  • Acute care – all specialties
  • Outpatient settings
  • Software development
  • Redesign work flows

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the value of nurse informaticists30
The Value of Nurse Informaticists
  • Increase the accuracy and completeness
  • of nursing documentation
  • • Improve the nurse’s workflow
  • – Eliminate redundant documentation
  • • Automate the collection and reuse of nursing data
  • • Facilitate analysis of clinical data
  • – JCAHO indicators, Core Measures, federal or state
  • mandated data and facility specific data

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the benefits of nurse informaticists
The Benefits of Nurse Informaticists
  • Nurse Informaticists promote and facilitate

Access to resources and references for nurses and the entire interdisciplinary team in both clinical and administrative settings Change

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the benefits of nurse informaticists32
The Benefits of Nurse Informaticists
  • Benefits for nurses and the interdisciplinary team:
  • Support for their mission to deliver high quality, evidence-based care Support for better service by facilitating true interdisciplinary care
  • Promotes improvement in key relationships with
  • physicians
  • peers
  • interdisciplinary care team members
  • patients
  • families

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the benefits of nurse informaticists33
The Benefits of Nurse Informaticists
  • Benefits in the administrative setting
  • Support for cost savings and productivity goals
  • Facilitate change management

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

what does the nurse informaticist do
What Does the Nurse Informaticist Do?
  • The role of the nurse informaticist is partially dependent on the place of employment. In acute and long term care, the role is to be a liaison between the IT department and nursing. This nurse assists in choosing the appropriate system for electronic health records and then works with the nursing staff to use the system in providing patient care.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nurses influencing change curriculum
Nurses Influencing Change curriculum
  • Taught since 2005 to 4th Year Nursing Students
  • The use of information and communication technologies has become a strong thread woven through out this course, with the premise that the “media” is a powerful force in both preventing and initiating social change
the many roles of a nurse informaticist
The Many Roles of aNurse Informaticist
  • Vendors
  • Acute care - Hospital Systems
  • Consultant
  • Education/Research
  • Long-term care
  • Ambulatory
  • Home care

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the many roles of a nurse informaticist37
The Many Roles of aNurse Informaticist
  • Hospital Systems

Analyst – Support/Implement Systems

Directors/Managers of Nursing Informatics

Project Managers

CIO (Chief Information Officer)

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the changing role of nursing
The changing role of Nursing
  • Software Implementation
  • Software/System Solution Selection
  • Process Improvement
  • Project Management

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the many roles of a nurse informaticist39
The Many Roles of aNurse Informaticist
  • Other -Education/Research
  • Compilation/Analysis of Data Public Policy Government HealthCare IT initiative

Insurance organizations

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

online journal of nursing informatics
Online Journal of Nursing Informatics
  • The Online Journal of Nursing Informatics (OJNI) is a free, international, professional, refereed publication that focuses on nursing informatics in all practice settings. OJNI is committed to addressing the theoretical and practical aspects of nursing informatics as it relates to the art of nursing. CINAHL indexes the journal.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

professional organizations
Professional Organizations
  • The Alliance for Nursing Informatics is a collaboration of over 25 organizations, representing a unified voice for nursing informatics. Join one today! www.allianceni.org

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

nursing informatics becomes nursing
Nursing Informatics becomes Nursing
  • Take the challenge! Learn all you can about nursing informatics, ask questions, and offer your ideas. Nursing informatics will continue to grow and be an integral partner in nursing practice everywhere!

Dr.T.V.Rao MD