Vocabulary. Linda Pearce Literacy Consultant OVEC firstname.lastname@example.org. Vocabulary Session Goals. To provide research based information regarding vocabulary instruction To provide strategies for vocabulary development. Vocabulary.
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“. . . vocabulary is the glue that holds stories, ideas, and content together . . . making comprehension accessible for children.”
—Rupley, Logan, & Nichols, 1998/1999, p. 339
Students develop vocabulary through:
explicit vocabulary instruction
— reading a lot
— reading different types of text
__ fiction and non-fiction
— focusing on specific words and their meanings
__ teaching independent word learning strategies
National Reading Panel 2000:
What Doesn’t Work
Consider these questions:
Beck, McKeown, and Kucan, 2002
Tier I Language
commonly known or function words- words that
make spoken and written language coherent and
of, that, the, to, was, you
*readers recognize words as whole units
*readers recognize words quickly and accurately
Tier II Language
Tier III Language
Johnny Harrington was a kind master who treated his servants fairly. He was also a successful wood merchant, and his business required that he travel often. In his absence, his servants would tend to the fields and cattle and maintain the upkeep of his mansion. They performed their duties happily, for they felt fortunate to have such a benevolent and trusting master.
The servants would never comment on this strange occurrence [finding the kitchen clean even though none of them were seen doing the cleaning], each servant hoping the other had tended to the chores. Never would they mention the loud noises they’d hear emerging from the kitchen in the middle of the night. Nor would they admit to pulling the covers under their chins as they listened to the sound of haunting laughter that drifted down the halls to their bedrooms each night. In reality, they knew there was a more sinister reason behind their good fortune.
Rate Your Knowledge
4. Listen as I read each word in context
The strongest action a teacher can take to ensure that students have the academic background knowledge they need to understand the content they will encounter in school is vocabulary instruction. (Marzano, Pickering, 2005)