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Dynamiques urbaines et enjeux sanitaires Paris, September 2013. Urban Health and Wellbeing Program. Mohd Nordin Hasan ICSU Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Introduction. A new approach to project planning and development

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urban health and wellbeing program

Dynamiques urbaines et enjeux sanitaires

Paris, September 2013

Urban Health and Wellbeing Program

Mohd Nordin Hasan

ICSU Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

introduction
Introduction
  • A new approach to project planning and development
  • Will overcome compartmentalised science and policy planning and implementation
  • Collaborative conceptual modeling (CCM)
  • Multistakeholder cross-disciplinary and cross-sectoral approach supported by system dynamics modeling
  • To produce realistic solutions to health and wellbeing issues in the urban environment
background
Background
  • ICSU ROAP established - September 2006
  • Regional Committee for Asia and the Pacific (“Governing Board”) identified priority areas for ROAP
  • Initially 3 areas
    • Hazards and disasters
    • Ecosystems
    • Sustainable energy
  • Health and wellbeing in the changing urban environment added as a priority in 2008
at icsu
At ICSU
  • Discussions on a programme on health and wellbeing commenced in 2006
  • Scoping Group formed in 2007
  • Science Planning Group started work in 2008
  • Report completed in 2010
  • General Assembly 2011 approved programme and proposal to establish IPO on UHW
at icsu roap
At ICSU ROAP
  • Regional Science Planning Group formed in 2010
  • 3 meetings - Kuala Lumpur (2) and Xiamen (1)
  • On-line consultations at every stage
  • Plan launched in June 2011 (22nd Pacific Science Congress)
relations with the icsu global plan
Relations with the ICSU global plan
  • ROAP Plan developed out of the ICSU plan
  • An adaptation of the global plan to Asia-Pacific Region
  • A step in the implementation of the ICSU Plan
  • Strong focus and inter-relations maintained – it’s one and the same programme!
slide7

Asia-Pacific planning context

  • Environmentally fragile regions: e.g. pacific islands
  • Human development indicators: lowest to highest
  • Health: life style diseases, infectious diseases, injuries
  • Income: low, high, emerging
  • Population density: low to some of the highest
  • Cultural: ancient to modern
  • Governance: monarchy, democracy, socialist etc
slide8

Strengths

  • Ethnic diversity
  • Resilience
  • Many surviving local health practices (Ayurveda, Chinese, Vaastu, Fengshui)
  • Strong family values and social safety nets
  • High aspirations
  • Skilled manpower in many fields
  • Young population
urbanization trends

Urbanization trends

Rapid urbanization

>50% urban population

Mostly young people

Has triple burden of

infectious diseases

emerging life style diseases

injuries from accidents

features of the uhw programme
Features of the UHW programme
  • Recognises that urban health issues are complex, and require multi-disciplinary approaches
  • Promotes research into urban health and wellbeing where researchers address multi-sectoral issues and involve a wide range of stakeholders 
  • Adopts a system dynamics approach
slide11
Beyond silos….taking a systems approach Understanding of multiple determinants of health and wellbeing
recommended implementation strategy
Recommended implementation strategy
  • Identify institutions keen on using systems approach in work on urban health and wellbeing;
  • Encourage institutions to engage in building capacity
  • Encourage institutions to propose and undertake pilot projects;
  • Bring project team into contact with potential funding agencies to support the research
  • Use the exemplar pilot studies as base for outreach to get city administrators and governors to support and use the systems approach for better evidence-based decision making.
implementation of the science plan began 2012
Implementation of the science plan – began 2012
  • Capacity building
    • particular attention - utility of the systems approach to a complex problem
  • Development of exemplar research projects
    • centered on 6 cities (Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, Pune, Xiamen, Taipei)
    • Examples of use of systems approach to deliver better outcomes
implementation step 1
Implementation Step-1
  • Pre-scoping Workshop, Hyderabad, 28 – 29 June 2012.
    • Multidisciplinary, multi stakeholder workshop
    • Identified needs and priorities (nutrition and health, waste management, informal settlements, urbantransport; vector-borne disease / communicable diseases added in 2nd workshop)
    • Explored potential research teams with merit and output-oriented focus
    • Discussed possibilities for research funding and support
    • Developed call for pre-proposals
implementation step 2
Implementation Step-2
  • Scoping Workshop Bangkok, 28 – 29 August 2012
    • Reviewed concept proposals received (6/8 accepted for development to full proposal)
    • Achieved
      • clarification of research aims of projects,
      • identification of training needs in systems approaches,
      • identification of complementary activities required for successful management of pilot projects
      • agreement of selected projects
contd
,,,contd
  • Agreed design features (August 2012):
    • Used systems thinking via the CCM approach
    • Recognise that urban-health problems are multi-sectoral, and solving them require multi- disciplinary approaches, and
    • Projects takes into account the interests of a wide range of stakeholders
  • Regional Steering Committee formed
    • Chair Prof JavedIqbal
    • Members Profs SoottipornChittmittrapap, Tony Capon, C.P. Ramachandran, Katrina Proust, NordinHasan (ex officio)
implementation step 3
Implementation Step-3
  • Systems Workshop, Kuala Lumpur January 2013
    • Leaders of selected projects with advanced copies of projects proposals
    • Introduction to dynamic modelling and collaborative conceptual modelling (CCM) methodologies
    • Assistance to finalise proposals for submission to funding bodies on-going
final remarks
Final remarks
  • All ICSU regional offices have urban health as a priority area of work
  • Approach adopted by Asia-Pacific can be shared as a template to guide implementation in other regions (Africa; Latin America and the Caribbean)
  • Approach fits very well as a tool for planning multidisciplinary integrated research, the core concept underlying new 10-year global platform for research on global sustainability Future Earth
thank you planning group members et al
Thank you! Planning Group members et al.

Members

  • Tony Capon, Australia
  • Yong Guan Zhu, China
  • PhillipaHowden Chapman, New Zealand
  • Reiko Kishi, Japan
  • Jaime Montoya , Phillipines
  • Indira Nath, India, Chair
  • Katrina Proust , Australia
  • NordinHasan (Ex officio)

Method Specialist

  • Barry Newell, Australia

ICSU ROAP

  • BHJ Mckellar, Chair RCAP Australia
  • Nor Zaneedarwaty Norman, Malaysia
  • HizamJaafar, Malaysia
  • SharizadDahlan