unit 4 n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Unit 4

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Unit 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Unit 4. Regionalism and Naturalism. Realism (Regionalism and Naturalism are offshoots of this). Lit Movement developed in 19 th century Seeks to portray life accurately; depicted life objectively and honestly No sentimentality or idealism

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Unit 4' - dmitri

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
unit 4

Unit 4

Regionalism and Naturalism

realism regionalism and naturalism are offshoots of this
Realism (Regionalism and Naturalism are offshoots of this)
  • Lit Movement developed in 19th century
  • Seeks to portray life accurately; depicted life objectively and honestly
  • No sentimentality or idealism
  • Often focuses on lower and middle classes-ordinary people in ordinary situations
historical context regionalism and naturalism 1870 1910
Historical context- Regionalism and Naturalism (1870-1910)
  • Post-Civil War (Reconstruction): Readmitting southern states to the Union
  • South left in ruins; people suffering more than ever; racism worse than before or during war
  • America lacks money, property, education; African-Americans lack respect and rights granted (equal rights and the vote)
gilded age named by twain
“Gilded Age”- Named by Twain
  • Wealthy did “everything but coat themselves in gold”
  • Booming industries= railroad, meatpacking, steel, oil
  • Wealth gap Small group controlled a large portion of money
  • Rockefellers (oil) Vanderbilts (steel)
  • Inventions- model T and lightbulb
have nots
  • Native Americans: pushed onto Reservations; fight back (Sitting Bull, Chief Joseph of Nez Pierce
  • African-Americans- free, but pressed with Jim Crow laws- segregration
  • Immigrants- worked in crowded factories, cramped living areas; 16 hour days in sweatshops
  • Independent farmers struggled to keep farms
  • Many joined Populist Party/labor unions-tried to join to protect rights
  • Laissez Faire v. Progressivism
  • Social Darwinism “Survival of the fittest”
  • Laissez Faire mentality= “Allow to do”
  • Progressives= alleviate injustices, government should DO something
  • People eager to hear about life in mining camps, cattle ranches, frontier towns- every day experience
  • Transcontinental railroad (westward expansion, travel, encounters with diversity)
  • Aim of writing- preserve cultural identity; capture imagination, alleviate prejudice: Twain and Harte
  • Literary Movement: Writers accurately represent actions, speech, dress, history, folklore, beliefs from specific geographic regions
local color
Local Color
  • Writing that brings a region alive by portraying its dress, mannerisms, customs, character types, and speech
  • Ex- Jim from Huck Finn (The “First American Novel”)
  • Dialect, dress
  • Inspired by Darwinism
  • Offshoot of Realism
  • Harsh reality; We are helpless creatures moved by forces beyond control or understanding; fate is not in our hands
  • Jack London- tales of the arctic world- White Fang and The Call of the Wild
women s rights
Women’s Rights
  • Fighting for right to vote/education
  • Frustration with current state; lack of support and ability to express themselves
  • Reflected Naturalist ideas- forces beyond control
  • Explore madness, ruin, scandal, death!
  • Chopin and Gilman- bad marriages, dark mental state
twain 1835 1910
Twain 1835-1910
  • Regionalist writer
  • Samuel Langhorn Clemens
  • Grew up in Hannibal, Missouri on MS River
  • Worked in journalism industry
  • Spent four years working on the river
  • Inspired humorous sketches
  • Panned for gold in West (Jumping Frog)
twain contd
Twain contd.
  • Traveled a lot- inspired writing greatly
  • Employed humor- expert at Satire
  • Wrote The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer
  • Huck Finn- Greatest American Novel
  • Faced bankruptcy, lost two daughters
  • Delivered humorous speeches but dark, angry writing toward end of life
a tall tale
A Tall Tale
  • American form of storytelling
  • Outlandish characters and events
  • Based on oral tradition
  • Uses various devices to impress listener:
  • Hyperbole
  • Understatement
  • Local Color
techniques used in tall tales
Techniques used in Tall Tales
  • Hyperbole= exaggeration or overstating a point
  • Understatement=downplaying the significance of the outlandish- meant to be ironic and humorous
  • Local Color=Writing that brings a region to life by portraying dress, mannerisms, customs, character types, and speech
  • Part of local color
  • Read slowly
  • Try to say it aloud
  • “You’d see that frog whirling in the air like a doughnut- see him turn one sommmerset.”
short story review regionalism
Short story review- Regionalism
  • Notorious Jumping Frog (Tall Tale)- Page 684: Characters, Basic plot line, Local Color, Hyperbole, Understatement
  • Outcasts of Poker Flat (Page 698) Characters, Basic plot line, Local Color
short story review naturalism
Short Story Review- Naturalism
  • “The Law of Life” p. 770- Jack London- Characters, basic plot, Human connection with nature
  • “The Story of an Hour” p. 784- Kate Chopin- Characters, plot, irony