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Genesis and Exodus. Genesis and Exodus. GENESIS & EXODUS: read Genesis 1.1-4.15; 6.1-9.27; 11-12; 15; 17; 22; 25; 27-28; 37; 40; 49-50 read Exodus 1-4; 6; 12-13; 15-17; 20; 24; 32; 40. Genesis and Exodus. Five [-and-a-half] things: Author Moses Title bereshith , Genesis

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genesis and exodus1
Genesis and Exodus
    • read Genesis 1.1-4.15; 6.1-9.27; 11-12; 15; 17; 22; 25; 27-28; 37; 40; 49-50
    • read Exodus 1-4; 6; 12-13; 15-17; 20; 24; 32; 40
genesis and exodus2
Genesis and Exodus
  • Five [-and-a-half] things:
    • Author
      • Moses
    • Title
      • bereshith, Genesis
      • v'ellehshemoth, Exodus
    • Date
      • 1446-1406bc
    • Location
      • Egypt, Arabia, Palestine
    • Language
      • Hebrew
genesis and exodus3
Genesis and Exodus
  • [textual tradition/edition]
  • Qumran lit (dead sea scrolls): 2nd c bc!: 24 mss of genesis; 18 of exodus
  • MT, Hebrew LXX, and Samaritan Pentateuch were 3 impt branches, the scripture becoming pretty-well est by 100ad; best text before qumran discovery was MT (9th-10th c ad)
  • Sinaiticus and Vaticanus (Greek: 4th c ad)
genesis and exodus4
Genesis and Exodus
  • Masoretic period 7th-10th c: using the TR of the Talmudic period (6thbc-6thad) established authoritative canon with vowel points and accents; one great thing about the period was that it opened an epoch of careful preservation faithful to the text of the Masoretes, but the oldest mss that survive are pretty recent: 10th-11th c ad. 6th c bc - 6th c ad was a period of canonical authority for the Torah and by turns the rest of the OT; the texts had a variety of ms tradition behind them, however, and Talmudic emphasis during the period was for explication of Torah, not to establish text. Before that we see the liturgical anxiety motive of Ezra in the restoration period (536bc), but even Josiah's reforms before that (at least Torah) (622bc).
genesis and exodus5
Genesis and Exodus
  • 19th-20th century scholarship on the text of the Pentateuch was source critical et al., resting on foundations from the 17th century (Spinoza & Hobbes); the development of the documentary hypothesis is based on the various names for God in the text (YHVH, Elohim, etc.) and a theory of 4 sources (JEDP: Yahwist, Elohist, Deuteronomic, and Priestly) that were written at different periods between the 10th-6th centuries bc and finally redacted into the form we have now. Criticism of Wellhausen et al. has since 1970 evolved to the point of emphasizing text instead of source (final form criticism), underscoring the plausibility of a single author, though still leaving open the question of dating.
genesis and exodus6
Genesis and Exodus
  • Major literary concerns:
  • Creation & comparative traditions
  • Origins: Patriarchal history and Mosaic history
  • Eponymy
  • Generations (toledoth) and emphasis on seed
  • Redemption, sacrifice, liturgical tradition
  • Covenant (promise): Noah, Abram/Abraham, Moses
  • Law
  • Racial identity
genesis and exodus7
Genesis and Exodus
  • The text:
  • Setting: Prehistory - 1446 bc
  • Gen 1.1: In the beginning God: notice the e nihilo emphasis of the Mosaic account
  • Gen 1-2: notice the emphases in creation: the hexaemeron and the account of human beings
  • Gen 3: fall; promise through seed
  • Gen 4: promise and non-fulfillment; emphasis on seed
  • Gen 6-9: consider the comparative account in Gilgamesh. What's the same? What's different?
genesis and exodus8
Genesis and Exodus
  • Gen 11: toledoth and genesis of nations
  • Gen 12: abram; berith: covenant; emphases of covenant: land, children (seed), blessing
  • Gen 15: berith again: notice the language of the promise; name change through ritual action; aetiology of judaism
  • Gen 17: more names - consider the significance of eponymous patriarchs; what is the women's role? humor: is any of this funny?
  • Gen 22: time to interpret: Moriah
  • Gen 25: more eponymy with Jacob (Israel) and Esau (Edom)
  • Gen 27-28: the blessing and the dream: the stairway to heaven and the continuation of Abrahamic promise
genesis and exodus9
Genesis and Exodus
  • Gen 37: the dreams of Joseph and cultural intertext with divination and prophecy; also remark on the social history aspect of this
  • Gen 40: fulfillment again of dream interpretation
  • Gen 49-50: Observe the formal structure (including parallelism); power of eponym again (these are the 12 tribes); theology / interpretation (consider destiny once again)
genesis and exodus10
Genesis and Exodus
  • Ex 1 What's the status of nations at this point? consider the hegemony of Egypt in the middle of the 2nd millennium - 1400's bc
  • Ex 2 Paronomasia in Hebrew; again with name significance; Hebrew pedigree but raised in Pharaoh's house
  • Ex 3 Burning bush and name: yiyeh / yahweh
  • Ex 4 Aaron as administrator
  • Ex 6 Promise of plagues; notice levitical genealogy
genesis and exodus11
Genesis and Exodus
  • Ex 12-13: emphases once again on ritual and aetiology of judaism: not just circumcision but redemption. people of the word, the book, history. Vicarious substitution.
  • Ex 15: Formal structure: epic poetry in a true sense: compare / contrast with Gilgamesh
  • Ex 16: Providence and provision: manna and quail
  • Ex 17: Notice the names: massah and meribah
genesis and exodus12
Genesis and Exodus
  • Ex 20: commandments: consider both the specific theology & the universality (and therefore connection with natural law)
  • Ex 24: confirmation of mosaic covenant: remarkable immanence
  • Ex 32: golden calf
  • Ex 40: shekinah and the dwelling place of chabod