Electricity in the World and India. India has the fifth largest generation capacity in the world. The top four countries, viz., US, Japan, China and Russia together consume about 49 per cent of the total power generated globally.
In India, about 77% of the total coal output is consumed in the power sector.
Bihar State Mineral Development Corporation Ltd (BSMDC), Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) and Jammu & Kashmir Minerals Ltd. (JKML) are the State Government undertakings engaged in coal mining.
IISCO steel plant of SAIL is the only public sector steel unit operating captive mines for coal. Bengal Emla Coal Mines Ltd (BECL), Jindal Steel & Power Ltd (JSPL), Hindalco and Tata Steel are the companies, operating captive mines in the private sector.
MAJOR CONSUMPTION CENTRES
Cargo Mix :
POL – 50%
Iron Ore – 17%
Coal – 14%
Fertilizer & FRM – 2%
Cement & Clinker – 5%
Container – 5%
Others – 6%
increase to 1086 MT in 2025, of which the open
cast production will be 902 MT (83%).
tonnes in 2008-09 from 49.8 million tonnes in
High quality coal (6000 kcal/kg) import needs could range upto 770 MT by 2031–32. However, currently only about 700–800 MT of coal is being internationally traded!
Coal use will be self-limiting due to