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ELA Best Practice #1: READING. Pre-reading activities that focus students on the big ideas of the text: Examples: Provide a list of statements and ask students to agree or disagree; then, adjust after reading 2. THIEVVES: Overview the title, heading, introductory paragraph,

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slide1

ELA Best Practice #1: READING

Pre-reading activities that focus students

on the big ideas of the text:

Examples:

Provide a list of statements and ask students to

agree or disagree; then, adjust after reading

2. THIEVVES: Overview the title, heading, introductory paragraph,

every first sentence of each paragraph, key vocabulary,

visuals, end-of-chapter questions, summary

Generate a word bank on the topic before reading

Consider the genre: How do we expect the text to be organized?

slide2

ELA Best Practice #2: READING

MId-reading activities that clarify:

Examples:

GPS: Where are we? Who is there? What are

tensions?

Annotate: K (I already know this); N (New); ? (Don’t understand)

! (Am surprised) R (I notice repetition)

Rx Reread: Cultivate the habit of repairing lapses in

comprehension

4. Assessing Tone (see handout)

slide3

ELA Best Practice #3: READING

Post-reading activities that consolidate, clarify, and connect:

Examples:

Socratic seminars: Teachers ask questions that explore ideas

in text and require reasoning, justification, evidence, connections

2. Literature circles: Small, peer-led discussion groups promoting

dialogue about literature; may be tightly or loosely structured

Title-making: Using important words from the text, students

decide on appropriate titles and subtitles for the text

Test creation: Students create test questions of various

types and for various purposes

slide4

ELA Best Practice #4: READING

  • Program Designthat fosters reading for various purposes
  • Examples:
  • Balance between whole class assigned reading and
  • books of choice
  • Guided practice in the “four gears” of reading:
    • Gear 1: Skim
    • Gear 2: Scan
    • Gear 3: Read
    • Gear 4: Study
  • Variety of genres: fiction, literary non-fiction, informational,
  • poetry, drama, journalism, persuasive essays, etc.
slide5

ASSESSING TONE: 30 Second Skim

Serious, formal, somber, warning

Comical, informal, silly, whimsical, frivolous

Exciting, action-packed, fast-paced

Soothing, tranquil, slow-paced

How did you know? (situation, audience, purpose)

slide6

ELA Best Practice #1: WRITING

Pre-writing activities that generate ideas, create organizational

plan, focus the writer toward audience and purpose:

Examples:

Semantic maps (see Visual Thesaurus)

Formality Dial

Outlining

slide7

ELA Best Practice #2: WRITING

Opportunities and structures for students to monitor progress,

identify strengths and weakness, improve performance

Examples:

“Where do I need help?” chart

Sentence Frames

Rubrics

Proofreading Guide

where do i need help
Where do I need help?

Answering

the question

Organizing my

ideas

Getting Started;

Writing the introduction

Development

Vocabulary

Writing the Conclusion

Capitalizing

Using punctuation

Spelling

Writing neatly and

clearly

sentence frames for argumentation
Sentence Frames for Argumentation

Use this frame to establish common ground on a controversial issue:

When it comes to the topic of ______________________, most of us

would agree that ____________________________. Where this

agreement ends, however, is on the question of _____________________.

Whereas some are convinced that _______________________________.

others maintain that___________________________________________.

My own view is that____________________________________________.

sentence frames for argumentation10
Sentence Frames for Argumentation

Use these frames as you acknowledge that the opposing side has a certain

degree to validity:

While at one time it may have been true that__________________,

we can now state that____________________________________.

___________________ makes sense when he/she/they say________

________________, but _____________________________________.

Despite the validity of ______________________’s claim about ____________,

he/she/they miss the mark when it comes to________________________

because___________________________________________________.

s proofreading list
_____________’s Proofreading List

When I proofread my pre-final draft, I need

to look carefully at these things, which might

be problems:

  • _______________________
  • _______________________
  • _______________________
slide12

ELA Best Practice #3: WRITING

Opportunities to emulate models of good writing

Examples:

Use a model sentence as a template: “Find a sentence that

you like. Write a similar one.”

2. Consider text for style as well as content; give students the

language for describing sentence parts, tone, figurative

language

slide13

ELA Best Practice #4: WRITING

Developing the mental habit of thinking about the reader’s needs:

Examples:

Picture your audience. What are their expectations? What

would give you credibility in their eyes?

Write same message in different style for a variety of

audiences.

slide14

ELA Best Practice #5: WRITING

Program Designthat fosters writing for various purposes ,

to various audiences, and under various conditions

Examples:

Balance between processed and on-demandwriting

Balance between student-selected and teacher-assigned

topics

Class blogs and other authentic experiences for written

communication

4. Quick writes, free writes, :”focused” free writes

slide15

ELA Best Practice #1: VOCABULARY

Incidental instruction that exposes students to new words

Examples:

Rich reading experiences

Teacher talk with elevated, scaffolded vocabulary

Exposure to eloquent public speakers

slide16

ELA Best Practice #2: VOCABULARY

Explicit instruction for useful words encountered in general

academic discourse:

Examples:

Purposeful repetition

Depth of processing

Revisiting of previously learned words

slide17

Target Word:

Vocabulary Chart:

Glossary Definition:

Visual:

Draw or find a picture:

My guess:

Definition in my own words:

Complete sentence of at least ____words:

Must contain an action verb and a visual image.

slide18

ELA Best Practice #3: VOCABULARY

Explicit instruction on literary words encountered in poetry and

fiction:

Examples:

Don’t expect context to provide full meaning

Focus on words that bear key meaning s to the literature

Focus on words likely to be encountered again

Connect words to characterization

slide19

ELA Best Practice #4: VOCABULARY

Program Designthat fosters an interest in words and

an understanding of the development of the English language

Examples:

Analysis: Latin and Greek components

Morphology

Connections to other languages (esp. Spanish)

Words with interesting stories: boycott, nostalgia, sardonic;

Other connections: sarcastic-caustic

5. Arrays of degree of a given concept

slide21

This “Morphology Kit”

is a great way to

expand vocabulary

because most

of the words

created by

these suffixes

express abstract

ideas.

Morphology Kit

Adverb-making suffix:

-ly

5

slide22

How can students benefit from a vocabulary list?

Classify

Analyze

Morph

Synthesize

Build

Students break

words down

into prefixes,

roots, suffixes

(Word Study)

Students

build words

into phrases;

phrases into

simple

sentences;

simple sentences

into complex

sentences

Students use

their words to

generate ideas

for a writing

piece:

Purposes:

To inform,

To entertain,

To persuade,

To socialize

Students

think of ways

in which the

words on

their lists can

be classified

(sorted,

arranged,

organized)

Students

manipulate the

words into

different parts

of speech by

adding

endings

words with high leverage value
Words with High Leverage Value:

INTERMITTENT

REFLECT

SUBTRACT

COMPLIANCE

CORRESPONDENT

PROPELLER

TRANSPORTATION

DESTRUCTIVE

PERSPECTIVE

intermittent

transmit

admit

commit

remit

submit

missive

admissible

submissive

commission

mission

permission

slide24

ELA Best Practice #1: GRAMMAR

Place grammar instruction in the heart of the writing process,

not as an “add-on.”

(see chart)

slide25

Point of

intervention for

substantial language

improvement

Point of

intervention

for surface

error correction

GRAMMAR IN THE HEART OF THE WRITING PROCESS:

Sharpen your nouns

Minimize your modifiers

Replace BE verbs and weak verbs with strong

action verbs

Achieve parallel structure

Combine sentences: create complex sentences

use appositives

use absolutes

Expand and shrink noun phrases. Turn clauses

into modifying phrases. Decide where

to place modifiers for desired effect.

Pre-writing

experience:

(non-sentence

form)

Drafting

Revising

Publication

Editing

slide26

ELA Best Practice #2: GRAMMAR

Analyze and emulate the strengths found in student writing and literature.

Example:

Notice what you like; find out what the structures that you like

are called; apply these structures to your own language

(Notice, Name, Apply)

slide27

ELA Best Practice #3: GRAMMAR

Teach students to hear and see the patterns of Standard English.

Examples:

“I don’t have any….” chant

A was an apple pie. B bit it; C clawed it; D dropped it;

E engulfed it; F found it; G gnawed it…

slide28

ELA Best Practice #4: GRAMMAR

Program Designthat uses authentic language (rather than worksheets); that respects language variation; that understands

language change; that connects language to characterization;

that develops “the language of the language”

seeing grammar with new eyes
Seeing Grammar With New Eyes

Visuals

Manipulatives

Role-Play

Problem-solving

Wordplay

Inquiry

Respect for Language Change and Variation

Inductive Reasoning

High Level of Student Engagement

slide30

Grammar is a system of making sentences out of parts.

The parts have to match (agree):

Number (singular or plural)

Gender (masculine, feminine, neutral)

Case (subjective, objective, possessive)

Tense (past, present, future; progressive

perfect)

The two main parts of language are nouns and verbs.

Everything else either modifies nouns or verbs or joins words,

phrases, and clauses.

slide31

ELA Best Practice #1: SPEECH

Program Designthat fosters speaking for various purposes ,

to various audiences

Examples:

Literature circles

Exhibitions explained by individuals, partners, or groups

Choral reading

Improvisation

Formal presentations

Recitations of memorized literature

Role-play

Debates, panel discussions

Students in the role of teacher