CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF HOME POULTRY FLOCKS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF HOME POULTRY FLOCKS

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  1. CARE AND MANAGEMENTOF HOME POULTRY FLOCKS Dr. Jacquie Jacob University of Kentucky An Equal Opportunity University

  2. TOPICS • Dream it • Plan it • Do it • Manage it • Keep it

  3. DREAM IT • Goal setting • Eggs: For home use and/or for sale • Meat: For home use and/or for sale • Exhibition and/or 4-H project

  4. PLAN IT • Check local ordinances • Yes → What restrictions? • No → Can the rules be changed?

  5. ORDINANCES • Resources: • State regulations • http://www.ca.uky.edu/smallflocks/KentuckyOrdinances.html • County resources • http://www.ca.uky.edu/smallflocks/Ordinances.html

  6. PLAN ITProduct utilization • Selling eggs • A few eggs: Follow safe handling guidelines • Collect as frequently as possible and refrigerate immediately • Wash only mildly dirty eggs • Do not use dirty eggs • More eggs / Farmers Markets: Kentucky egg rule (for food safety)

  7. PLAN ITProduct utilization • Meat • A few: Plan on killing and cleaning the chickens yourself • Greater numbers: Only three options for custom processing • SS Enterprises in Bowling Green • Central Kentucky Custom Meats in Liberty • KSU mobile processing unit • Need a docking station (KSU, Morehead and Jackson County) • Need to be certified to use the facility (take a day-long course with quiz • Supply your own labor

  8. PLAN IT • Breed selection

  9. PLAN ITBreed selection

  10. BREED SELECTIONWhite-shelled eggs Leghorns Minorcas Anconas

  11. BREED SELECTIONBrown-shelled eggs Australorp New Hampshire Rhode Island Red Plymouth Rock

  12. BREED SELECTIONMaran Chocolate-colored egg shells

  13. BREED SELECTIONAmeraucana Green-colored egg shells

  14. PLAN ITBreed selection • Meat production • Cornish cross • Dual purpose breeds • Plymouth Rock • Rhode Island Red • New Hampshire Red • Other heritage chickens • Recently available: Slower-growing meat-type chickens

  15. PLAN ITBreed selection • Exhibition • Make an excellent 4-H project • Purebred • Standard or Bantam • Utility

  16. PLAN ITHousing • Design depends on type and size of flock • Accessories • Nest boxes • Perches

  17. PLAN ITManure management

  18. DO ITBrooding young birds • Chicks not able to maintain their own body temperature until they become fully feathered (usually around 3-4 weeks of age)

  19. DO ITBrooding young birds • Heat • Water • Feed

  20. SMALL BROODER BOX

  21. BROODING CHICKS

  22. DO IT • Feed and water must be provided at all times • If for year round egg production need to supply additional light when days start getting shorter

  23. MANAGE IT • Bird management • Feed, water, light • Waste management • Manure, dead birds • Egg collection or poultry processing

  24. KEEP IT • Small flock owners need to be good neighbors • Keep the housing clean to prevent odors and flies • Do not let your chickens go onto the neighbors property • Sharing eggs can go a long way

  25. KEEP IT • Monitor the flock for health • Level of production or growth rate • If egg production: level of production and quality of the eggs produced • Feed being consumed • Appearance of the fecal material • Activity of the birds

  26. RESOURCES • UK’s small flocks website - smallflocks.com • eXtension - eXtension.org • FAQs • Ask an expert • Articles on specific topics