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4.5 Proving Δ s are  : ASA and AAS. Objectives:. Use the ASA Postulate to prove triangles congruent Use the AAS Theorem to prove triangles congruent.

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4.5 Proving Δ s are  : ASA and AAS


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Presentation Transcript
objectives
Objectives:
  • Use the ASA Postulate to prove triangles congruent
  • Use the AAS Theorem to prove triangles congruent
postulate 4 3 asa angle side angle congruence postulate
If two angles and the included side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the included side of a second triangle, then the triangles are congruent.Postulate 4.3 (ASA):Angle-Side-Angle Congruence Postulate
theorem 4 5 aas angle angle side congruence theorem
If two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the corresponding non-included side of a second triangle, then the triangles are congruent.Theorem 4.5 (AAS): Angle-Angle-Side Congruence Theorem
proof of the angle angle side aas congruence theorem
Proof of the Angle-Angle-Side (AAS) Congruence Theorem

Given: A  D, C  F, BC  EF

Prove: ∆ABC  ∆DEF

D

A

B

F

C

Paragraph Proof

You are given that two angles of ∆ABC are congruent to two angles of ∆DEF. By the Third Angles Theorem, the third angles are also congruent. That is, B  E. Notice that BC is the side included between B and C, and EF is the side included between E and F. You can apply the ASA Congruence Postulate to conclude that ∆ABC  ∆DEF.

E

example 1
Example 1:

Is it possible to prove these triangles are congruent? If so, state the postulate or theorem you would use. Explain your reasoning.

example 11
In addition to the angles and segments that are marked, EGF JGH by the Vertical Angles Theorem. Two pairs of corresponding angles and one pair of corresponding sides are congruent. Thus, you can use the AAS Congruence Theorem to prove that ∆EFG  ∆JHG.Example 1:
example 2
Is it possible to prove these triangles are congruent? If so, state the postulate or theorem you would use. Explain your reasoning.Example 2:
example 21
In addition to the congruent segments that are marked, NP  NP. Two pairs of corresponding sides are congruent. This is not enough information to prove the triangles are congruent. Example 2:
example 3
Given: AD║EC, BD  BC

Prove: ∆ABD  ∆EBC

Plan for proof: Notice that ABD and EBC are congruent. You are given that BD  BC. Use the fact that AD ║EC to identify a pair of congruent angles.

Example 3:
proof
Statements:

BD  BC

AD ║ EC

D  C

ABD  EBC

∆ABD  ∆EBC

Reasons:

Given

Given

If || lines, then alt. int. s are 

Vertical Angles Theorem

ASA Congruence Postulate

Proof:
assignment
Assignment
  • Geometry: Pg. 210 #4, 6, 10, 12, 25 – 28
  • Pre-AP Geometry: Pg. 211 #10 – 20 evens, #25 - 28