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Chapter 9 and 10 (Sec. 1-4) . Test Review –Reconstruction, Redemption, and the New South. Reconstruction brought hardships to the state Redemption sought to overcome those hardships and regain more local control over state government
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Redemption sought to overcome those hardships and regain more local control over state government
During Reconstruction, African Americans formed the largest group of southern republicans and voted in large numbers to help keep the Republican in powerReconstruction and redemption
In the late 1800s, Georgia’s water resources, network of railroad lines, supply of cotton and coastal seaports made textiles profitable.Textile industry
Held in the city of AtlantaInternational Cotton Exposition
Joseph Brown, Alfred Colquitt and John Gordon were political rulers drawn together in a close relationship by power and political goals.
Rural Free Delivery Bill – required mail to be delivered free to rural areas
Disenfranchisement – to prevent people of any race from voting
Sharecropping - landless farmers who gave their labor in return for share of harvest
Tenant farmers – worked the land for exchange for cash and usually owned animals and farm tools
Farmers’ Alliance – prominent agricultural movement in the New South periodTerms….
Helped former slaves and poor whites cope with everyday problems by offering clothing, food, and other necessities
Rebecca Latimer Felton – wrote in the Atlanta Journal about the need for reforms in Georgia’s prison system and leader in the suffrage and temperance movements
Tom Watson - Georgia representative who sponsored Rural Free Delivery in Congress and was supported by the farmers
Leo Frank – Jewish man accused of the brutal murder of Mary Phagan in 1913.
Alonzo Herndon - Founded one of the nation’s largest African American-owned insurance companiesImportant people
Joseph E. Brown - Georgia governor when Georgia seceded from the Union and one of the Bourbon Triumvirates.
Andrew Johnson – Helped reconstruct the United States with his version of the Reconstruction Plans
Henry McNeal Turner - Black legislator who sponsored a bill to establish state policeImportant People
John – First black president of Morehouse College; believed social equality was just as important as economic equality
Lugenia Burns Hope – Organized the Neighborhood UnionJohn and Lugenia Burns Hope
By uniting, the state’s smaller counties could decide state elections.
The 121 smallest counties had two unit votes each
The 8 largest counties had 6 unit votes each
This allowed small, rural counties to maintain power in the Georgia General Assembly from 1917-1962.County unit system
Jim Crow Laws - passed to establish separate-but-equal facilities for different races
Sat in “white’s only” section of train car to test the legality of a law requiring separate-but-equal facilities
Under Plessey v. Ferguson blacks and whites could have separate schools became legalHomer Plessy
False reports of black assaults were published in local newspapers on September 22.
Some reported that thousands of whites brought guns and began to roam through downtown Atlanta.
Fears grew; and the attacks became real.
The riot lasted two days; martial law was declared.
18 African Americans and 3 whites were killed; hundreds were injured; property destruction was high.Atlanta Riot of 1906
Advisor to presidents; President of Tuskegee InstituteBooker T. Washington
Atlanta University professor who opposed Washington’s ideas on social separateness
Wanted social and political integration
Supported higher education for the “Talented Tenth”W. E. B. DuBois