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Key Terms - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Key Terms

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  1. Key Terms

  2. Ambulatory A passageway around the apse of the church

  3. Apse The end point of a church where the altar is

  4. Arcade A series of arches supported by columns.

  5. Archivolt A series of concentric molding around the arch.

  6. Axial Plan Basilica Plan, Longitudinal Plan A Church with along nave where the focus on the apse

  7. Baptistery • A building or part of a church used for baptism.

  8. Bay • A unit of interior space in a building, marked off by architectural divisions.

  9. campanile: • Italian name for a bell tower, usually one that is detached from the main building.

  10. Cathedral • The principal church of diocese where the bishop sits

  11. Clerestory • An upper story of a building with windows above adjacent roofs.

  12. Embroidery • A woven product in which the design is stitched.

  13. Jamb • A vertical element of a doorway or window frame

  14. Narthex • A low projection at the western end of a church, like a porch.

  15. Portal • any doorway or entrance but especially one that is large and imposing.

  16. Reliquary • A container for relics.

  17. Rib Vault • masonry vault with a relatively thin web and set within a framework of ribs.

  18. Tapestry • A woven product in which the deign and the backing are produced a the same time on a loom • A loom is a device used to weave cloth.

  19. Transept An aisle in a church in perpendicular to the nave

  20. Triforium • 2nd story of the church

  21. Trumeau • A central Pillar pr the portal that is stabilizes the structure

  22. Tympanum • A rounded sculpture place over the portal of a medieval church

  23. Voussoir • One of the wedge-shaped stones used in constructing an arch.