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Environmental Resources - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Environmental Resources

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  1. Environmental Resources • Forest • Water • Tourism

  2. Forest Resources • Forest Cover • Forest Type • Non Timber Resources

  3. Forest Land Closed forest • 85.3% of total forest • 75.3 % within notified & rest under other forest • Open forest • On hilly & undulating tract • 8.2% of the total forest area • 66.72% within notified forest Degraded forest • Confined mostly to steep slopes & human habitations • 4.2% of total forest • 66.28% within notified area • Forest blanks Found all around as scattered Patches • 2.3% of total forest • 62.84% under notified area

  4. Legal Classification of Forest . • Reserve Forest: Reserve forest in Pachmarhi BR are Mostly found in Western and Central parts of BR area. Two small patches are found Southern parts of area. • Protected Forest: The protected forest are found in eastern- central parts of BR

  5. Distribution of Forest by Legal Classification

  6. Forest Types • The entire forests of Biosphere Reserve can broadly be categorized into three major types: • Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests • Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests • Central Indian Sub-Tropical Hill Forests.

  7. Forest Types Based on Species Composition

  8. Medicinal Plants Phool Jhadoo Lakh Mahul Patta Honey Arjun Mahua Shilajeet Harra Achar Baboo Aonla Jamun Bahera Mango Tendupatta Non Timber Resources

  9. Non Timber Resources

  10. Water Resources • Surface Water • Ground Water Potential

  11. Tourism • Varied Geographical Features • Landscape • Biodiversity • Climatic Condition • Location of Natural and Manmade Heritage Sites • Religious Places

  12. Types of Tourism • Scenic Tourism/ Aesthetic: Pachmarhi Plateau, Tamia, Patalkot, Badi Anhoni, Anhoni, Madai, Satdhara • Wildlife Tourism: Pachmarhi Sanctuary, Bori Sanctuary, & Satpura National Park. • Pilgrim/Sacred Tourism: Bada Mahadeo, Chota Mahadeo, Mahadeo Gufa (Mahadeo Cave) etc. • Historical /Cultural Tourism: Panch Panda (Pandav Cave) Astachal (Monte Rose), Nagdwari mela, Shivratri Mela etc • Natural/ Manmade Heritage sites: Rock paintings, Christ Church, Raj Niwas (Raj Bhawan), Roman Catholic Church, Biron lodge

  13. Archaeological Caves/Centre/ Manmade • Heritage • Some Rock paintings- 100 Years old • Majority being 2500 to 1500 Years old • Important being Mahadeo, Catacomb, Jatashankar, Pandav Caves • Painting depicting warier with sword and shields, bows and arrows , elephants, tiger, cheetal, dog, horses • Old public buildings at Pachmarhi constitute most valuable man made heritage handed down form past

  14. SPECIAL ATTRIBUTES • Aesthetic • Pachmarhi- famous for natural beauty & hill station for retreat • Dhoopgarh-highest peak(1352.75m) of M.P followed byChauragarh and Mahadeo • Asirgarh fort (in ruins) in Betul distt. – an old seat • of Gond/Korku rule • Mahadeo sandstone- with deep gullies • Several water falls/pools • Tamia in Chhidwara- A scenic spot

  15. Manmade Heritage sites