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Ahkam Altajweed. Rewayat Hafs 'An ' Aasim by the way of Shaatibiyyah Muslla altaqwa 1 8 th lecture 24 Rajab 1434. Ahkam Noon Sakina and Tanween. Noon Sakina and Tanween has four rulings thy are Izhar (The Making Clear) Idgham ( The Merging) Iqlab ( The changing )

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ahkam altajweed


RewayatHafs 'An 'Aasim

by the way of Shaatibiyyah


18th lecture

24 Rajab 1434

ahkam noon sakina and tanween
Ahkam Noon Sakina and Tanween

Noon Sakina and Tanween has four rulings thy are

  • Izhar (The Making Clear)
  • Idgham ( The Merging)
  • Iqlab ( The changing )
  • Ikhfaa (  The Hiding )
  • The rule that is applied depends on the letter that immediately follows the  saakinah or tanween
ahkam noon sakina and tanween1
Ahkam Noon Sakina and Tanween
  • 1st :Izhar (The Making Clear) ( أ، هـ، ع، ح، غ، خ )in one word or in two words .
  • 2nd : Idgham ( The Merging) ( يرملون ). with ghunnah . ( ينمو )and without ghunnah . ( ل، ر ) 
  • Idgham has to be in two words so it is not applicable to ( ، بُنْيانقِنْوان، صِنْوان ، الدُنْيا )
  • There are three exemptions for Idgham where Idgham is not applicable where it should be applicable وقيل منْ راق، ن والقلم، يس والقرآن الحكيم) )
3 rd changing iqlaab
3rd : Changing (Iqlaab)
  • Definition : The changing of noon saakinah or  the tanween into a Meem when it followed by a Baa with ghunnah on the letter Meem. 
  • Iqlaab can be applicable in one word or in two words. So if the letter Baa follows a Noon saakinah in the same word, or Noon sakina or Twnween between two words, then the Noon  saakinah or tanween will be changed into a hidden Meem, with a ghunnah. .
4th hiding ikhfa
4th : Hiding (ikhfa')
  • The last of the four rules for the Noon  saakinah and tanween is Ikhfa. 
  • Definition of Ikhfaa is : The pronunciation of a Noon saakinah and the tanween in a way between Idhar and Idgham with a ghunnah
  • The letters of the Ikhfa for the Noon saakinah and tanween are all the remaining letters in the Arabic alphabet after we remove the letters of Idhar, Idgham and Iqlab.  There are 15 letters left in the Arabic alphabet, all causing Ikhfaa for the Noon  saakinah and tanween.
  •   The Ikhfaa  can take place between two words or in one a word.
notes on hiding ikhfa
Notes on Hiding (ikhfa')
  • To hide the Noon  our tongue does not touch the teeth or gum, instead our tongue moves close to, but not at, the articulation point of the next letter, which is the letter causing the Ikhfaa (hiding).
  • During that we apply the ghunnah, so the letter follows the Noon Sakina or Tanween is pronounced without Ghunna.