NLCTA and ESA (Next Linear Collider Test Accelerator and End Station A) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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NLCTA and ESA (Next Linear Collider Test Accelerator and End Station A)

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  1. NLCTA and ESA(Next Linear Collider Test Accelerator and End Station A) Carsten Hast Test Facilities Department Head SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 – 9, 2008

  2. ARD Test Facilities Department • After this winter’s financial turmoil and reorganization ARD founded a new Test Facilities Department • Helps to develop and test near-term solutions for accelerator systems including RF structures and power sources as well as beam optical, diagnostic and collimation systems. • Operates and supports the large test facilities at SLAC • NLCTA in ESB • L-Band and X-Band RF test facilities in ESB • End Station A • FACET (2009) • Hardware and personnel contributions to ATF/ATF2 program at KEK • Support for LCLS hard- and software development • Personnel (2008) • Five engineering physicists, two technicians SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  3. ESB & NLCTA ESA

  4. SLAC Research Yard (RY) ESA LCLS ESB BSY NLCTA SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  5. End Stations A and B • Both End Stations are very large and versatile concrete structures with excellent infrastructure: • 3-15 MW of electrical power available • Abundance of cooling water • Tunnels for cable ways and other utilities • 50t crane coverage • Walls are designed as radiation shields removable • ESA: 62m x 35m x 20m • ESB: 50m x 25m x 15m SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  6. End Station B (ESB) • NLCTA Next Linear Collider Test Accelerator • small X-Band test accelerator (11m) • achieved peak energy of 350 MeV • Shielding designed for 1.2 GeV • E-163 Laser Acceleration • Using 60 MeV NLCTA beam into the experimental hall • Class 4 laser room • L-Band SNS modulator for RF tests of couplers, RF distribution systems outside of beam enclosure and cavities inside of NLCTA • 4 X-Band RF structures for equipment testing • 3 with 300 MW power • 1 with 150 MW power • Building new L-Band test stand with Marx-modulator and klystron for life testing of both (operational this fall) SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  7. SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  8. NLCTA Infrastructure SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  9. NLCTA Beam Parameters • E-163: Ultralow Energy Spread Probe 5 pC, 60 MeV, x-y emittance 2.5m x 2.5m, 1ps bunch length 0.03% energy spread, 1 A peak current • Nominal High Energy Beams 0.25 nC, 350 MeV, 2p x 2p x 1.8 ps x 0.8%, 56A 1.00 nC, 350 MeV, 4.3p x 4.2p x 1.5 ps x 0.6%, 267A, (Laser upgrade) (Range: 0-0.25 nC, 5-350 MeV; focused density: 105 J/cm2, peak density: 9.8 x 1015/cm3) • High Current Driver (Assumes laser upgrade and added pulse compressor) 1 nC, 350 MeV, 17p x 4p x 1.8ps x 0.65% (3.2 kA spike, long tail) • High Current Driver and Low Energy Witness (assumes major beam line upgrades to NLCTA) 0.9 nC, 350 MeV driver –and– 0.1 nC, 60 MeV witness with continuously variable timing SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  10. NLCTA Future Program • Near Term (1-2 years) • Run E-163 and follow up experiments • L-Band and X-Band RF structure and pulse compression tests • Longer Term • Upgrade experimental hall (currently E-163) for higher energy • L-Band and X-Band RF structure and pulse compression tests • Currently in the planning stage for what could be done with the various possible beams of NLCTA SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  11. Future Program Ideas for NLCTA SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  12. NLCTA Maintenance and Upgrades Need to guarantee an efficient operation for the next five years and beyond • 2008 • 1 EOICs ($200k), ½ technician ($80k) and management/installation/safety ($125k) • M&S maintenance, consumables ($100k) • Maintenance/Repair labor ($150k) • 2009 • 1.5 EOICs ($300k), ½ technician ($80k) and management/safety ($125k) • M&S maintenance, consumables ($100k) • Modernize the control system for modulators and make it compatible with other installations • New PLCs ($40k) and new software controls ($75k) • Maintenance and upgrades of modulators • Redesign grounding ($10k) and redesign tuning straps ($20k) • Spare capacitors and miscellaneous other equipment (M&S) ($50k) • Increase maintenance efforts (Labor ) ($250k) • Start rewrite of complete NLCTA control system from SCP to EPICS (SCP is phased out very soon) ($300k) • Buy necessary hardware for new EPICS control system ($75k) • New power supply for station 0 (increased operational efficiency) (M&S $50k, labor $30k) • 2010 • Continued operation: 1.5 EOIC ($300k), ½ technician ($80k) and management/safety ($125k), • Maintenance/Repair (M&S $100k, Labor $250k) • Continue EPICS upgrade for NLCTA control system ($300) • Build spare modulator and klystron ($300k) SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  13. Wakefield box Wire Scanners “IP BPMs” T-488 rf BPMs 18 feet Ceramic gap for EMI studies T-487: long. bunch profile Dipoles + Wiggler End Station A (ESA) • Old work horse for deep inelastic scattering experiments • Successfully used during the past years for various test beams • simple radiation experiments to verify simulation codes • mini-Antarctica for calibrating ANITA, a balloon experiment looking for ultra high energy (UHE) neutrinos • ILC and Super-B detector development • ILC machine detector interface SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  14. ESA (62 m long) 2º X-ray mirrors spont. undulator photon diagnostics e- dump e- diagnostics e- e- beam test area Be Target Hadron beamline Future Activities in ESA SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  15. ESA: LCLS-Undulator 2 and Test Beams • A ~10 GeV undulator solution fits as an x-ray source and provides the opportunity for HEP Test Beams • Test beam program will use primary and secondary beams much in the same fashion and for similar purposes as in the past years • Primary beam • Beam instrumentation and accelerator physics studies, e.g. ILC • Particle astrophysics detectors and techniques • Materials damage studies with thin and thick targets, with a range of bunch lengths • Radiation exposure and beam dump tests: Activation, residual dose rates and materials damage • Secondary beam(single electrons and hadrons) • Detector R&D for HEP detectors like Super-B, LHC-detector upgrade, ILC-SiD development SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  16. Phased approach to Future ESA Test Beams • LCLS-U2 might start 2014 • Phase 1: 2009(?)-2012 • Modernize the ESA PPS system design and implementation would probably cost about $500k, but needs additional study • Need upgraded kickers • Would seek agreement from SLAC management and BES for a defined fraction of LCLS beam pulses, e.g., 1% of 120 Hz • Possibility of beam halo in the linac as a completely parasitic source for secondary beam • Phase 2: 2014 onwards? • 100% of spent beam will be available for test beams • Linac task force working towards recommendation for a coordinated development plan, with the aim that this will be adopted by SLAC management SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  17. Conclusions NLCTA is a vibrant facility • Serves E-163 and many RF system test programs • Well integrated in the operation of the other programs in ESB • Necessary maintenance and upgrades haven’t been performed in the past years, which are now requested for FY2009 and beyond • Resources need to be committed to facilitate the move from SCP to EPICS based control system • NLCTA wants to expand its user base provided sufficient support is made available ESA • Had a very successful Test Beam Program in the past years for ILC MDI, various detector component studies, and other experiments • Currently no beam operation, pending PPS modernization • With the LCLS-U2 100% of spent beam would be available for Test Beams SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  18. ESA Additional

  19. Beam parameters: ESA-TB vs. Linear Colliders SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008

  20. ESA strength Test beam capabilities with LCLS-U2 in ESA ESA satisfies many desired capabilities for a test beam facility SLAC DOE HEP Review July 7 - 9, 2008