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Avancemos 3. 2.1 - Negative tú commands. When Are Negative Commands Used?. Negative Commands are used when you tell a person to not do an action. For Example : If you tell someone NOT to do something then in Spanish the negative command would be used .

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avancemos 3

Avancemos3

2.1 - Negative tú commands

when are negative commands used
When Are Negative Commands Used?

Negative Commands are used when you tell a person to not do an action.

For Example: If you tell someone NOT to do something

then in Spanish the negative command would be used.

If you want to make a tú command negative(don’t…), you have to change the verb completely. You should follow a3 step process:

how to form a negative t command
How to form a negative tú command

1) Go to the yo form of the verb.

2) Drop the “o” (you are now left with the stem)

3) Add the opposite tú ending. (For “ar” verbs add –es. For “er/ir” verbs add –as).

4) DON’T FORGET TO ADD THE ‘NO’ IN FRONT OF THE VERB!

how to form a negative t command1
How to form a negative tú command

However…if a verb is irregular in the “yo” form, it will also be irregular in the negative tú command.

Examples:

(go verbs)

Poner yopongo ( I put) No pongas (don’t put)

Salir yosalgo ( I leave)  No salgas (don’t leave)

Traer  yotraigo ( I bring)  No traigas (don’t bring)

(stem changers)

Probar yopruebo ( I taste)  No pruebes ( don’t taste)

Pedir yopido ( I order)  No pidas (don’t order)

Dormir yoduermo( I sleep)  No duermas(don’t sleep)

pr ctica
Práctica:
  • Don’t spend the money !
  • Don’t fundraise!
  • Don’t litter !
  • Don’t ask for a check!
  • Don’t count on others!
  • Don’t read the magazine!
  • ¡ No gastes el dinero!
  • ¡ No juntesfondos!
  • ¡ No tires basura!
  • ¡ No solicites un cheque!
  • ¡ No cuentes en los demás!
  • ¡ No leas la revista!
irregular negative t commands
Irregular negative tú commands

The following verbs are IRREGULAR (they form the acronym SIDES)

Sser

Iir

Ddar

Eestar

S saber

¡ No seas !

¡ No vayas !

¡ No des !

¡ No estés !

¡ No sepas !

pr ctica1
Práctica
  • Don’t go !
  • Don’t be angry !
  • Don’t give money !
  • Don’t be nice !

¡No vayas!

¡ No estésenojado !

¡ No des dinero!

¡ No seas amable !