informal commands n.
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WALK!. Informal Commands. SLEEP!. EAT!. In Spanish…. When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!- WALK! ¡Duerme!- SLEEP! What looks familiar about these endings?. Positive Commands. Commands are used for both do’s and don’ts

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in spanish
In Spanish…
  • When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands…
  • ¡Come! – EAT!
  • ¡Camina!- WALK!
  • ¡Duerme!- SLEEP!

What looks familiar about these endings?

positive commands
Positive Commands
  • Commands are used for both do’s and don’ts
  • Lets begin with the do’s (positive tú commands)

To state the do’s of most verbs, drop the –s ending of the verb.

STATEMENT COMMAND

(tú) caminas ¡Camina! Walk!

(tú) comes ¡Come! Eat!

(tú) duermes ¡Duerme! Sleep!

let s work on positive commands
Let’s work on positive commands…
  • Open the window!…
    • Verb Abrir
      • Put it in the tú form = tú abres
      • Drop the –s = abre

¡Abre la ventana!

let s work on positive commands1
Let’s work on positive commands…
  • Speak now!...
    • Verb hablar
      • Put hablar in the tú form= hablas
      • Drop the –s = habla

¡Habla ahora!

let s work on positive commands2
Let’s work on positive commands…
  • Drink water!...
    • Verb beber
      • Put beber in the tú form= bebes
      • Drop the –s = bebe

¡Bebe agua!

negative commands
Negative Commands
  • Looking at theses examples, what can you say about forming a NEGATIVE command?

STATEMENT COMMAND

(tú) fumas ¡No fumes! Don’t smoke!

(tú) sales ¡No salgas! Don’t leave!

(tú) duermes ¡No duermas! Don’t sleep!

(tú) conduces ¡No conduzcas! Don’t drive!

let s work on negative commands
Let’s work on negative commands…
  • Don’t buy pizza!...
    • Verb comprar
      • Put comprar in the yo form= compro
      • Drop the -o
      • Add opposite tú ending =es

¡No compres la pizza!

let s work on negative commands1
Let’s work on negative commands…
  • Don’t open the door!...
    • Verb abrir
      • Put abrir in the yo form= abro
      • Drop the -o
      • Add opposite tú ending –as= abras

¡No abras la puerta!

let s work on negative commands2
Let’s work on negative commands…
  • Don’t drink soda!...
    • Verb beber
      • Put beber in the yo form= bebo
      • Drop the -o
      • Add opposite tú ending..–as= bebas

¡No bebas los refrescos!

verbs with spelling changes
Verbs with spelling changes…

There are several verbs that change spelling when made into negative commands to keep their sound…

1. Jugar- ¡No juegues!

- g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound

2. Verbs ending in –car like

Practicar - ¡No practiques!

-c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound

  • Verbs ending in –zar the Z changes to C.

like ¡No comiences! (don’t begin)

let s work on negative commands3
Let’s work on negative commands…
  • These next verbs have spell changes…
    • Either g changes to gue OR c changes to a que

Don’t play in the house!

- Verb jugar- in yo form = juego (drop-o)

- Add opposite ending –es and remember spelling change!= juegues

¡No juegues en la casa!

let s work on negative commands4
Let’s work on negative commands…

Don’t arrive late!

¡No llegues tarde!

Don’t touch the piano!

remember the spelling change

¡No toques el piano!

te toca a ti
Te toca a ti…

Eat more fruit!

¡Come más frutas!

Sleep 8 hours a day!

¡Duerme ocho horas al día!

te toca a ti1
Te toca a ti…

Don’t run in the house!

¡No corras en casa!

Don’t open the book!

¡No abras el libro!