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LANGUAGE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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LANGUAGE. Oral language is meant to be spoken and heard, rather than written and read. Oral Language follows rules . Grammatical Syntax Clarity Meaning. LANGUAGE IS SYMBOLIC. Word symbols have no meaning of their own; instead, the meaning of the word symbol resides within individuals.

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language

LANGUAGE

Oral language is meant to be spoken and heard, rather than written and read.

oral language follows rules
Oral Language follows rules
  • Grammatical
  • Syntax
  • Clarity
  • Meaning
language is symbolic
LANGUAGE IS SYMBOLIC
  • Word symbols have no meaning of their own; instead, the meaning of the word symbol resides within individuals.
words aren t really bad or racist until the person that speaks them intends the meaning to be bad
Words aren’t really “bad” or racist until the person that speaks them intends the meaning to be “bad”.
  • Words Don’t Mean...People Mean.

Honky!

Coon!

slide5
Consider the connotation of the following word pairs:

Skinny/Slender

Nerd/ Intellectual

Clean/ Cleanse

Jock/ Athlete

Learning impaired/ Stupid

Connotation the meaning we assign to words through experience and emotionDenotation the dictionary meaning of a word
characteristics of power language
CHARACTERISTICS OF POWER LANGUAGE
  • CLARITY
  • COURTESY AND TACT
  • OWNERSHIP OF THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS
  • INCLUSION OF OTHERS
  • VIVIDNESS AND IMAGERY
  • APPROPRIATE USAGE

(Communication Applications Text, p. 117)

levels of usage
LEVELS OF USAGE
  • FORMAL LANGUAGE: language that conforms to a highly structured set of rules.

(Communication Applications Text, p. 118)

levels of usage1
LEVELS OF USAGE
  • Technical Language (jargon): a language associated with a particular profession or activity. (Communication Applications Text, p. 119)
levels of usage2
LEVELS OF USAGE
  • Standard Language: the language used by the majority of communicators within a specific language. (Communication Applications Text, p. 120)
levels of usage3
LEVELS OF USAGE
  • Informal (slang, dialect/colloquialism): the language used most often in casual situations and close interpersonal relationships.

(Communication Applications Text, p. 120-121)

language to avoid
LANGUAGE TO AVOID

1. TROUBLESOME LANGUAGE

  • SEXIST
  • RACIST
  • PROFANE OR OBSCENE
  • JUDGEMENTAL
  • ACCUSATORY
  • ASSUMPTIVE
  • ABSOLUTE

(Communication Applications Text, p. 125)

language to avoid1
LANGUAGE TO AVOID

2. Powerless Language

  • Fillers
  • Tag lines
  • Vague wording

(Communication Applications Text, p. 126-127)

overview of verbal strategies
Overview of Verbal Strategies
  • Speak to be understood
  • Speak to show strength
  • Speak to include, not exclude
  • Speak to stimulate others’ interest in you
source
Source
  • Myers, Virginia Hunter; Smith, June Hubbell and Swanson, Marcia Myers. Communication Applications. New York: Glencoe-McGraw Hill, 2001.