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The LGBTQQIA-XYZ Alphabet CM Hall, Ed.M. LGBTQQIA-XYZ…?!. L G B T Q Q I A. Who I Am. Trainer for the GLSEN (Gay, Lesbian, Straight Education Network) I lead Train the Trainers on LGBT Educational Programming at Western Oregon University for our Safe Zone

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Lgbtqqia xyz

  • L

  • G

  • B

  • T

  • Q

  • Q

  • I

  • A

Who i am
Who I Am

  • Trainer for the GLSEN (Gay, Lesbian, Straight Education Network)

  • I lead Train the Trainers on LGBT Educational Programming at Western Oregon University for our Safe Zone

  • Worked for pay and as volunteer on LGBT political and equality issues professionally for 20 years in Oregon and nationally.

  • Volunteered in LGBT community as an interpreter at Pride and community events for 20 years

  • I love this topic area. This is my passion.

Shared understandings
Shared Understandings

  • We all are here to share information.

  • Hopefully, this will helpful and useful to you in your Human Sexuality studies (and life!)

  • High value of respect in communication and questions.

  • This is a safe, non-judgmental environment to ask any and all questions. Audience participation is welcomed!

  • Some of you may be versed in this topic area, please contribute as it pertains.

  • No one’s sexual orientation or gender identity or expression will be assumed.

  • There is fluidity around sexual and gender identity and expression.

  • Every person is entitled to love, understanding, support, dignity, and respect.

The lgbtqqia xyz alphabet cm hall ed m
Q & A

Everything you’ve ever wanted to know about LGBTQQIA issues, sexual orientation and gender identity!

Please all write a question to turn in something. If you have no questions, turn in something that says “no questions.”

Sexuality and lgbtqqia terms
Sexuality—and LGBTQQIA Terms

Goals for today:

  • Education on the proper use of these sexual orientation, gender identity and expression-related terms

  • Gain sensitivity in how these terms can be used to inflict distress or empower

  • Invite you to learn more and come to a Safe Zone Ally Training Session

Terms related to sexual orientation

Terms Related to Sexual Orientation

Sexual orientation
Sexual Orientation

An enduring physical, romantic, emotional, and/or relational attraction to another person; may be a same-sex orientation, different-sex orientation, or bisexual orientation.


Acronym used to describe people of a non-heterosexual orientation. Implies inclusivity to people of all gender and sexual orientations.




Heterosexual straight

The adjective used to describe people whose enduring physical, romantic, emotional, and/or spiritual attractions are to people of the “opposite” sex.

The lgbtqqia xyz alphabet cm hall ed m

An adjective used to describe a person whose enduring physical, romantic, emotional and/or relational attractions are to people of the same sex. In addition, term used to describe anyone with a homosexual or bisexual orientation, regardless of whether a man or woman.


Refers to a woman whose enduring physical, romantic, emotional, and/or relational attractions are to other women.


A person who is physically, romantically, emotionally and/or relationally attracted to both men and women, though not necessarily simultaneously; they may not be equally attracted to both sexes.


Defined as someone who is attracted to other people regardless of their gender or sexual orientation.

Essentially, they mention “falling in love with a person” or being “gender blind”.

“hearts, not parts”


Person who does not experience sexual attraction. Each asexual person experiences things like relationships, attraction, and arousal somewhat differently.


Term used by some GLBTQ people to refer to anyone whose sexual orientation, gender identity or expression is not “standard” in society. Synonym for gay. Traditionally was a slur reclaimed by many in the GLBTQ community.

Same gender loving
Same-Gender Loving

Some prefer to use this term instead of lesbian or gay to express attraction to and love of people of the same gender.


The fear, hatred of, or discomfort with people who love and are sexually attracted to members of the same sex.


The fear of bisexuals, often based on inaccurate stereotypes, including associations with infidelity, promiscuity, and transmission of sexual transmitted diseases.



5 minutes

Terms related to gender identity and expression

Terms Related to Gender Identity and Expression

Biological sex
Biological Sex

The classification of people as male or female. Determined by our chromosomes (XX for females, XY for males); our hormones (estrogen/progesterone for females, testosterone for males); and our internal and external genitalia (vulva, clitoris, vagina for females; penis and testicles for males).

Gender identity
Gender Identity

Refers to a person’s innate, deeply felt psychological sense of gender, which may or may not correspond to the person’s assigned sex at birth.

Gender expression
Gender Expression

Refers to all of a person’s external characteristics and behaviors – such as dress, grooming, mannerisms, speech patterns, and social interactions – socially identified with a particular gender.

Gender role
Gender Role

Set of socially-defined roles and behaviors assigned to females or males. Can vary from culture to culture in society. Often described in terms of masculinity or femininity.


Used as an umbrella term for people who experience and/or express gender differently from what others might expect based on the sex they were assigned at birth. Their sex at birth is different than who they know they are on the inside. “It’s what’s between your ears, not between your legs.”

This includes people who are transsexual, cross-dressers, or otherwise are gender non-conforming. These people may identify as: trans man, trans woman, genderqueer, bigender, androgynous, or gender variant.


Inclusive term to refer to anyone who is transsexual, transgender, or intersexed.

Transgender people may be straight, lesbian, gay, or bi/pansexual.

Cisgender cis

A neologism meaning "not transgender," that is, having a gender identity or performing in a gender role that society considers appropriate for one's sex. A match between an individual's gender identity and the behavior or role considered appropriate for one’s sex. Someone who is comfortable in the gender they were assigned to at birth.

“cis” in Latin: “on the same side as”

Common third gender or gender neutral pronouns
Common Third-Gender or Gender Neutral Pronouns

ze, zie, zir, hys, hir, per, they

Pronouns used in the trans community instead of “he/she” or “him/her”. These invented pronouns offer inclusion and accuracy for someone who doesn’t identify by the male/female gender classifications.


A term referring to a transgender person who changes their physical and/or legal sex to better conform to their internal sense of gender identity. The term can also be used to describe transgender people who, without undergoing medical treatment, identify and live their lives as a member of the gender opposite that which conforms to their sex assigned at birth.

Cross dresser
Cross Dresser

A person who occasionally wears clothes and/or makeup and accessories traditionally associated with people of a different gender. This person is usually comfortable with the sex they were assigned at birth and do not wish to change it. who generally have no intention or desire to change their anatomical sex. Cross-dressing is more often associated with heterosexual men, is more often engaged in on an occasional basis, and is not necessarily reflective of sexual orientation or gender identity.


The systematic oppression, irrational fear or discomfort with people who do not fit societal expectations or who do not conform to cultural gender norms. Sometimes manifested through ignoring or invalidating the existence of trans people, stereotyping and hate crimes ranging from verbal harassment to assault, rape and murder.

Stats on trans folks
Stats on Trans Folks

  • Between ¼ and 1% of the population is transgendered.

  • Over 50% of anti-LGBT homicides are committed against trans women

  • 29% of trans people have been raped or assaulted by someone known to them.

  • 48% of trans people have been raped or assaulted more than once in their lifetime.

  • 82% of trans people do not report their abuse/sexual assault(s) to the police.


People born with with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male. They exhibit varying degrees of the biological aspects of both biological males and biological females. Often “assigned” a male or female identity at birth that may not correspond with identities later in life.

Two spirit

General term used for some Native Americans who are transgendered and highly regarded in a tribe. Often given special status such as a medicine man/woman. Cultural belief that these individuals are privileged to house both male and female spirits in their bodies. Two-spirited beings were given gift of seeing two perspectives at the same time and were revered as leaders, mediators, teachers, artists, seers, and spiritual guides.

Here s one more way to understand it

Here’s one more way to understand it…

Homosexual outdated

The term is an outdated clinical term considered derogatory and offensive by many gay people. Gay and/or lesbian are more commonly accepted terms to describe people who are attracted to members of the same sex.

Lifestyle outdated

Term used by people to describe how GLBTQ people live their lives. Viewed negatively because it trivializes the complexities of individual experience and implies sexual orientation as a choice.

Sexual preference
Sexual Preference outdated

Derogatory phrase referring to one’s sexual orientation and implies a choice in a person’s fundamental attraction.

Transvestite outdated

Out-of-date term for someone who chooses to dress in clothing assigned to a different gender.

Questioning outdated

Refers to people who are uncertain, self-analyzing their sexual orientation or gender identity. Part of the process of identity development.

Closet outdated

Place where GLBTQ people figuratively hide their sexual orientation or gender identity from others

Outing outdated

Revealing other person’s sexual orientation or gender identity, especially a person in the GLBTQ community

D l or down low
D/L or Down Low outdated

Label adopted by some African-American and Latino men who seek same sex relations, but do not necessarily identify as gay or bisexual

Internalized homophobia
Internalized Homophobia outdated

Refers to the self-identification of societal stereotypes by lesbian, gay, and bisexual people, causing them to dislike and resent their sexual orientation.

Heterosexism outdated

Overt or tacit bias or assumption of superiority in society of heterosexuals or heterosexual behavior. Disbelief that sexual orientation is innate. Assumption that all people are heterosexual in society

Observations on the questionnaire?

Heterosexual privilege
Heterosexual Privilege outdated

Powers and privileges that heterosexuals generally have, and that gay and lesbian (and sometimes bisexual persons) do not.

Examples include…

Examples of heterosexual privilege
Examples of Heterosexual Privilege outdated

  • Not having to justify to others that your heterosexuality is not a choice

  • Legalized marriage*

  • Filing joint tax returns

  • Ability to adopt children without questions

  • Health insurance for one’s partner

  • Decisions on health-related issues as they relate to one’s partner

  • Assumption that one is psychologically healthy

  • Being able to be open about sexuality and not fear lack of promotions, employment loss, etc.

  • Living life without fear of someone finding out who you fall in love with

  • Being open about one’s living arrangments

  • Being validated by one’s religion

  • Being socially accepted by neighbors, friends, family, co-workers, and professional colleagues

  • Having positive images and role models portrayed in the media

  • Being assured that when looking at magazines, advertising, movies, and TV that you will see relationships that look like yours

  • Sharing holidays with families and one’s partner

  • Right to “family memberships” at recreational facilities

Debrief terminology activity
Debrief Terminology Activity outdated

  • Any new terms/signs that surprised you?

  • What terms are you still fuzzy about?

2 groups of terms
2 Groups of Terms outdated

Sexual Orientation

  • Bi/Pansexual

  • Heterosexual/Straight

  • Lesbian

  • Gay

  • Queer *

Gender Identity & Expression

  • Cisgender

  • Cross Dresser

  • Gender Role

  • Intersex

  • Queer *

  • Trans, Transgender

  • Transsexual

  • Third Gender Pronouns:

    zie, ze, hys, hir, per, they

Terms that empower vs disempower
Terms that outdatedEmpower vs. Disempower


  • Gay


  • Queer *

  • Sexual Orientation

  • Trans*

Inflicting Distress

  • Homosexual

  • Lifestyle

  • Queer *

  • Sexual Preference

  • Transvestite

Last definition

Last definition: outdated


How do you define it?

What does it look like in practice?

The lgbtqqia xyz alphabet cm hall ed m
Ally outdated

A person who supports and honors sexual and gender diversity, acts accordingly to challenge homophobic/bi/transphobic remarks and behaviors, and explores and understands these forms of bias within him or herself.

Wou safe zone mission
WOU Safe Zone Mission outdated

The Western Oregon University Safe Zone program seeks to form a network of students, faculty and staff committed and trained to provide safe, non-judgmental and supportive contacts for all WOU community members regarding gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans and queer (GLBTQ) issues. It is symbolic of a willingness and a commitment to provide an atmosphere of unqualified acceptance and assistance.

How can we all work towards achieving this mission here at Western?